Rome and the Byzantine Empire Copy the underlined facts. Mr. Bluma
Roman Legal Accomplishments• Rome had a republican government (res publica: elected ofﬁcials), until emperors were allowed to take over. Rome went through many troubles. Roman citizens then changed their government to an empire in hopes of restoring it.• Twelve Tables: Laws are written down and must be respected
Roman Legal Accomplishments continued• The Founding Fathers of America planned our government and copied many Roman elements. Like the Romans, we elect our leaders: the congress, governors, mayors, etc. The president; however, is not elected. The electoral college, a group of electors from each state choose the president. The supreme court is appointed by the president. Like the Romans our government has three branches-the president, congress, and courts.
Rulers• Augustus Caesar – increased Caesars empire• Diocletian – Divided the empire into two parts• Hadrian – Hadrians wall in England• Trajen – The Forum, rebuilt Rome, 117 Anno Domini Hadrian’s Wall in modern times
Technology• “All roads lead to Rome”• City planning• Aqueducts
Science• Ptolemy – wrongly hypothesized about an Earth centered universe
Language• Latin: the language of Rome• French, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese
Decline of Rome• Long period of decline• Example: at one point they had 22 emperors over a 50 year period, 20 died violently• Persians and Germans move into empire• Hired Germanic soldiers = who had no loyalty to Rome and did not understand tradition• Overall decline in society, morals, education, business
Christianity• Monotheistic (one god: trinity Father, Son--Jesus, Holy Sprit)• Life was recorded by Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John. Jesus was born a Jew and was raised in Bethlehem.• His popularity was a threat to Jewish leaders and to Roman authorities. He was convicted of treason because the emperor was to be treated as a god.
Christianity continued• Romans made Christianity illegal at ﬁrst because the Christians didnt worship the emperor.• Word spread through disciples such as Paul.• Constantine became the ﬁrst Christian emperor in 312 after seeing a vision of a cross with the words, "Follow me," during a big battle. Constantine issued the Edict of Milan in 312 making Christianity legal.
Attila the Hun• “He (Attila) was a man born into the world to shake the nations”–Jordanes (Roman historian)• The Huns were a group of Eurasian nomads.• In 441 Attilas Huns attacked the Eastern Roman Empire. The success of this invasion emboldened Attila to continue his westward expansion. Passing unhindered through Austria and Germany, Attila plundered and devastated all in his path.• He killed Bleda, his own brother, in order to unite the Hun empire and rule it alone.
Byzantine Empire• Constantinople built on site of ancient Greek city Byzantium• Western Empire = Rome, popes church, emperor government, Latin• Eastern Empire = Byzantium/Constantinople, emperor church and government, Greek
America Today (Copy any three or more facts below)• Unemployment 8.1 to 10.5%--Reuters.com• Americans’ addiction to entertainment has been compared to the bread and circuses of Rome (Latin: panem et circenses)--Bloomberg columnist Alice Schroeder• The crime rate has decreased dramatically--Economist.com• Charitable giving is up--Economist.com• 76% of Americans say moral values in the United States are getting worse-- Gallup.com• U.S. National Debt is over 16 trillion dollars ($16, 000, 000, 000, 000)• The foundations of U.S. economic freedom remain strong--heritage.com• The regulatory burden on business continues to increase rapidly--heritage.com• American students rank 31/141 nations in education performance--Edweek.org
Academic Reminders - Replace negative thinking with positive thoughts. Renaissance Man by da vinci - True success in life means to treat your mind and body right. - Roman Room Technique: am ancient way of remembering...Imagine a room you know well. walk through the room and see test information on objects like lamps, tables, and doors. - Start saving for money for college. - The report "The Big Payoff" reveals that over an adults working life,high school graduates can expect, on average, to earn $1.2 million; thosewith a bachelors degree, $2.1 million; and people with a masters degree, $2.5 million. Persons with doctoral degrees earn an average of $3.4million during their working life, while those with professional degrees do best at $4.4 million.