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Essential Academic Vocabulary by Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
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Essential Academic Vocabulary by Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation

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Essential Academic Vocabulary by Jesse Bluma Garcia Sports Foundation © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation ...

Essential Academic Vocabulary by Jesse Bluma Garcia Sports Foundation © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation

Frequently used words in and across subjects.

Understanding these words allows students to read better, follow directions, and make connections.

It is one of many educational tools.

The following words are some examples. You may wish to add to, revise, or eliminate from the lists. It is best to keep in mind the student and their individual needs with vocabulary choices.

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  • 1. Essential Vocabulary © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 2. What is Essential Vocabulary? Frequently used words in and across subjects. Understanding these words allows students to read better, follow directions, and make connections. It is one of many educational tools. The following words are some examples. You may wish to add to, revise, or eliminate from the lists. It is best to keep in mind the student and their individual needs with vocabulary choices. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/
  • 3. Kindergarden/Nursery School/Pre-Unit List 1. alphabet 13. moral 26. addition 38. air 51. celebration 64. balance 77. background 90. earning 2. author 14. rules 27. afternoon 39. animal 52. family 65. directions 78. color 91. bills 3. beginning 15. law 28. calendar 40. change 53. career 66. health 79. craftsmanship 92. coins 4. letter 16. good 29. classify 41. cloud 54. community 67. wellness 80. texture 93. bank 5. poem 17. thinking 30. compare 42. collect 55. map 68. safety 81. beat 94. allowance 6. story 18. need 31. date 43. color 56. globe 69. partner 82. speaking voice 95. services 7. song 19. want 32. difference 44. day 57. transportation 70. speed 83. pattern 96. businesses 8. print 20. give 33. hour 45. night 58. Africa 71. warm-up 84. theater 97. shopping 21. promise 34. location 46. food 59. vote 72. stretch 85. audience 98. tithe 10. uppercase 22. tease 35. minus 47. growth 60. prime minister 73. heart 86. dancer 99. choices 11. word 23. brave 36. morning 48. moon 61. freedom 74. breathing 87. leap 100. saving 12. read 24. gentle 37. recipe 49. sun 62. leadership 75. skip 88. twist 101. value 50. valley 63. business 76. gallop 89. landing 102. sale 9. rhyme 25. strong © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 4. Standard 1/First Grade 1. blend 2. capitalization 3. character 4. setting 5. consonant 6. vowel sound 7. phonics 8. fantasy 9. sequence 10. punctuation 11. question 12. media 13. honest 25. centimeter 37. classify 49. citizen 62. appropriate 74. film 87. loan 14. must 26. data 38. biome 50. city 63. bones 75. clapping 88. plan 15. trouble 27. digit 39. extinct 51. continent 64. chase 76. stage 89. shopping list 16. duty 28. equal 40. freezing 52. ocean 65. flee 77. brass 90. tipping 17. cruel 29. estimate 41. heat 53. election 66. nutrition 78. lullaby 91. comparison 18. evil 30. even 42. insect 54. equality 67. muscles 79. march 92. savings account 19. better 31. graph 43. invent 55. equator 68. partner 80. collage 93. decision making 20. gift 32. greater than 44. investigate 56. flag 69. rhythm 81. diagonal 94. goods 21. war 33. less than 45. planet 57. history 70. vegetables 82. realistic 95. scarcity 22. should 34. half-hour 46. light 58. responsibility 71. self-space 83. medium/ media 96. careers 23. will 35. horizontal 47. living 59. culture 72. sportsmanship 97. opportunity costs 84. quality 24. self-control 36. number sentence 48. non-living 60. values 73. throw 85. altar 61. patriotic 86. cathedral © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 5. Standard 2/Second Grade 1. adjective 13. moral 26. associative property 39. Celsius 51. authority 63. competition 77. budgeting 2. adverb 14. rules 27. dimensions 40. Fahrenheit 52. climate 64. cue 78. banking 3. pronoun 15. law 28. distance 41. compare 53. power 65. physical health 79. deposit 4. dictionary 16. good 29. shilling (KES) 42. contrast 54. custom 66. pulse 80. producers 5. encyclopedia 17. thinking 30. equivalent 43. dissolve 55. conflict 67. respect 81. consumers 6. fiction 18. need 31. fraction 44. resource 56. cooperation 68. preferred hand 82. borrowing 7. nonfiction 19. want 32. kilogram 45. energy 57. government 69. sportsmanship 83. loans 8. folktale 20. guilty 33. likely 46. evaporation 58. landmark 70. turning 84. incentives 9. main idea 21. promise 34. unlikely 47. fossil 59. rural 71. twisting 85. buying 10. pre-write 22. fear 35. meter 48. habitat 60. urban 72. game plan 86. trading 11. table of contents 23. brave 36. centimeter 49. infer 61. faith 73. boundary 87. counting 12. plot 24. gentle 37. multiplication 50. investigate 62. religion 74. dribble 88. wants 25. discipline 38. one-fourth 75. hydration 76. sunscreen © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 6. Standard 3/Third Grade 1. although 13. appropriate 25. angle 37. atmosphere 49. agriculture 61. activity level 73. wants 2. analyze 14. bad 26. area 38. barometer 50. artifact 62. calorie 74. needs 3. causes 15. consequences 27. array 39. cirrus 51. ancestor 63. drug abuse 75. tradeoffs 4. discuss 16. character 28. change (money) 40. cumulonimbus 52. barter 64. fitness program 76. taxes 5. information 17. cruel 29. decimal 41. cumulus 53. cardinal directions 65. fiber 77. charity 6. label 18. manners 30. denominator 42. decomposer 54. economy 66. growth cycle 78. foundation 7. reasons 19. better 31. dividend 43. heredity 55. exports 67. health goal 79. tithe 8. process 20. gift 32. division 44. mixture 56. geography 68. resolution 80. savings account 9. recall 21. war 33. divisor 45. orbit 57. hemisphere 69. parenthood 81. decision making 10. research 22. should 34. product 46. physical change 58. imports 70. poison 82. goods 11. review 23. will-power 35. quotient 47. predator 59. primary source 71. refusal skill 83. scarcity 12. sequence 24. delayed gratification 36. gram 48. prey 60. weapons 72. mental health 84. careers 85. opportunity costs © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 7. Standard 4/Fourth Grade 1. academic 14. ethics 27. diameter 39. adaptation 52. revolution 65. cardiovascular 78. payment 2. assess 15. commandment 28. obtuse 40. camouflage 53. civilization 66. cooperate 79. fines 3. clarify 16. love 29. prime 41. carnivore 54. colony 67. defense 80. bonuses 4. judge 17. healing 30. probability 42. cell 55. constitution 68. intensity 81. transactions 5. vary 18. positive attitude 31. quadrant 43. condensation 56. republic 69. offense 82. income 6. caption 19. acceptable 32. radius 44. eclipse 57. checks and balances 70. working heart rate 83. planning 7. author’s purpose 20. unacceptable 33. remainder 45. erosion 71. peer pressure 84. spending 72. physician 85. investing 60. entrepreneur 73. prescription medicine 86. compound interest 61. judicial 74. protective equipment 87. ledger 62. supply and demand 75. psychological health 88. rent 76. abuse 89. delayed gratification 58. merchant 8. genre 21. proper 34. vertex 46. food web 59. capitalism 9. metaphor 10. simile 11. transitional words 12. quoting 13. misconception 22. hard work 23. conduct 24. brave 25. psychology 26. theme 35. mile 36. parallel 37. divisor 38. multiples 47. metamorphosis 48. omnivore 49. reflection 50. refraction 51. uncertainty 63. taxes 77. tobacco 64. bias © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 8. Standard 5/Fifth Grade 1. advantage 15. etiquette 29. divisibility 43. chemical properties 57. tariff 71. balance 2. cite 16. chivalry 30. exponent 44. constellation 58. boundary 72. conflict 3. debate 17. consequences 31. formula 45. data collection 59. civil war 73. dribble 4. emphasize 18. character 32. line graph 46. core 60. debt 74. eye-hand coordination 5. evaluate 19. cruel 33. model 47. crust 61. historian 6. expand 20. manners 34. order of operations 48. earthquake 62. industrialization 75. eye-foot coordination 7. focus 21. better 35. outlier 49. gravity 63. urbanization 76. overhand 8. inference 22. gift 36. prism 50. hurricane 64. marketplace 77. underhand 9. persuade 23. corruption 37. surface area 51. inherited traits 65. oral history 78. physical fitness 10. characteristics 24. should 38. volume 52. parasite 66. chronology 79. serve 11. affix 25. will-power 39. radius 53. photosynthesis 67. presentation 80. set 12. hyperbole 26. delayed gratification 40. range 54. plate movement 68. evidence 81. team work 13. personification 27. bandwagon 41. improper fraction 55. food 69. elites 82. warm up 14. clause 28. stereotype 42. diameter 56. epidemic 70. effects 83. healthy relationship 84. mood swing © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 9. Standard 6/Sixth Grade 1. accuracy 15. ethics 29. circumference 43. abiotic 57. ancient 71. adolescence 2. analysis 16. commandment 30. Equilateral 44. asteroid 58. irrigation 72. abstinence 3. characteristic 17. caring 31. experimental probability 45. bias 59. document 73. alcohol abuse 4. contribution 18. procrastination 46. biome 60. republicanism 74. cancer 47. biosphere 61. feudalism 75. denial 48. criteria 62. caste 76. depression 49. design constraint 63. cultural diffusion 77. emergency plan 50. prototype 64. philosophy 78. Heimlich maneuver 51. tides 65. polytheism 79. cardiac muscle 52. variable 66. dynasty 80. conditioning 53. ocean current 67. classical 81. fad diet 54. discovery 68. bureaucracy 82. rule infraction 55. investigation 69. misconceptions 83. safety 56. communication 70. note-taking 84. stress management 32. integers 5. credible 19. independent 6. elaborate 20. acceptable 33. isosceles 34. negative 7. essential 21. unacceptable 35. odds 8. strategic 22. proper 36. percent 9. mnemonic devices 23. hard work 37. pi 10. propaganda 24. conduct 11. thesis statement 25. brave 38. poll 39. power 12. rhythm 26. critical thinking 40. interest 13. point-of-view 27. trust 41. random 14. figurative language 28. self-reliance 42. rate © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 10. Standard 7/Seventh Grade 1. assertive 16. etiquette 30. box and whisker plot 44. discovery 56. Cornell Notes 70. anemia 2. consideration 17. chivalry 31. Greatest Common Factor 45. investigation 57. colonization 71. anorexia 3. design 18. consequences 32. Greatest Common Divisor 46. communication 58. impact 72. bulimia 4. illustrate 19. character 33. Least Common Multiple 47. cell division 59. International Date Line 73. CPR 5. draft 20. cruel 34. Scientific Notation 48. chromosome 60. Time Zone 74. dental health 6. factor 21. manners 35. Slope 49. epigenetics 61. socialism 75. hygiene 7. impact 22. better 36. square root 50. metamorphic 62. communism 76. injury prevention 8. imply 23. gift 37. base (of an exponent) 51. organ system 63. free enterprise 77. malnutrition 9. unify 24. corruption 38. exponent 52. respiration 64. capitalism 78. plaque 10. paraphrase 25. should 39. circumference 53. rock cycle 65. Magna Carta 79. self-examination 11. summarize 26. will-power 40. integers 54. synthesize 66. feudalism 80. weight training 12. connotation 27. delayed gratification 41. scalene 55. velocity 67. theocracy 81. lifetime fitness 42. repeating decimal 68. Middle Ages 82. pacing 43. statistics 69. republics 83. line of scrimmage 13. pitch 28. bandwagon 14. tone 29. stereotype 15. foreshadowing © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 11. Standard 8/Eighth Grade 1. allusion 16. moral 30. absolute value 42. acid 54. Cornell Notes 67. risk factor 80. artistic choice 2. bias 17. rules 31. adjacent angles 43. base 55. socialism 68. domestic violence 81. audience response 3. debate 18. law 32. infinite 44. atom 56. communism 69. diabetes 82. costuming 70. CPR 83. ensemble 71. dental health 84. Baroque 72. hygiene 85. Classical 73. injury prevention 86. finale 74. malnutrition 87. unison 75. self-examination 88. repertoire 76. weight training 89. harmony 77. lifetime fitness 90. concerto 78. range of motion 91. Renaissance 79. endurance 92. parables 4. persuade 5. pitch 6. thesis statement 7. sensory details 8. mood 9. assert 10. depict 11. analogies 12. specify 13. subsequently 14. phonics 19. good 20. thinking 21. need 22. want 23. give 24. promise 25. tease 26. brave 27. gentle 28. strong 33. Pythagorean Theorem 34. vertical angles 35. perfect square 36. scientific notation 37. unit rates 38. quartile 39. cube root 40. coefficient 41. histograms 45. compound 46. epigenetics 47. synthesize 48. genus 49. magnetic field 50. order 51. phylum 52. class genus 53. species 57. free enterprise 58. capitalism 59. feudalism 60. theocracy 61. republicanism 62. epics 63. autocracy 64. dictatorship 65. map projection 66. oligarchy 29. metacognition 15. reliable © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 12. Standard 9/Ninth Grade 1. attribute 16. honest 29. unit rates 41. data 53. research 65. risk factor 79. tempo 2. beneficial 17. must 30. quartile 42. observation 54. bibliography 80. choral 3. hence 18. trouble 31. cube root 66. domestic violence 43. experimentation 55. capitalism 4. notion 19. duty 32. coefficient 44. order 56. entrepreneurship 5. sequential 20. cruel 33. histograms 45. phylum 57. outlining 6. verify 21. evil 34. irrational numbers 7. allegory 22. better 67. diabetes 46. class genus 58. socialism 59. communism 48. allele 60. free enterprise 49. biomass 61. interest 50. DNA 51. enzyme 62. monopoly 63. opportunity cost 52. RNA 24. war 25. should 26. will 13. revise 27. self-control 64. usability 28. metacognition 14. style 15. figurative language 40. Greatest Common Factor 87. portfolio 73. goal setting 39. range 12. fallacy 86. plagiarism 72. fatigue 38. real numbers 11. point of view 85. commission 71. dodge 37. quadratic formula 10. bibliography 84. calligraphy 70. endurance 36. Pascal’s Triangle 9. protagonist 83. motif 69. range of motion 47. species 23. gift 82. abstract 68. CPR 35. outlier 8. audience 81. canon 88. Apocalypse 74. hand washing 89. atrium 75. metabolism 90. doric order 76. protein 91. basilica 77. refusal skills 92. acrylic 78. self-confidence 93. archive © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 13. Standard 10/Tenth Grade 1. acronym 16. appropriate 30. unit rates 42. data 55. research 69. slide 81. oil pastel 2. argumentation 17. bad 31. quartile 43. observation 56. bibliography 70. refusal skills 82. sepia 3. prose 18. consequences 32. cube root 44. experimentation 57. entrepreneurship 71. self-confidence 83. varnish 4. juxtaposition 19. character 33. outlier 45. DNA 58. outlining 72. stressor 84. lens 5. persuasion 20. cruel 34. median 46. enzyme 59. interest 73. vitamin 85. panorama 6. rhetorical device 21. manners 35. mode 47. RNA 60. monopoly 61. opportunity cost 74. workout 86. zoom 7. reasoning 22. better 36. radicand 48. brain development 75. abdominals 87. carving 76. bicep 88. diorama 77. femur 89. figurine 78. flexibility 90. finial 79. aerobic 91. mobile 80. muscle fitness 92. monument 8. audience 23. gift 37. real numbers 49. glaciers 9. protagonist 24. war 25. should 26. will-power 27. delayed gratification 65. de facto 40. polygons 52. heterogeneous 12. nevertheless 64. anarchy 39. central angle 51. plate tectonics 11. point of view 63. capital 38. Fibonacci 50. Mohs scale 10. bibliography 62. usability 66. impeach 41. compound interest 53. homogeneous 67. propaganda 93. plaster 13. verify 28. metacognition 54. Kelvin 68. treaties 94. scale 14. nuance 29. misconceptions 15. specify © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 14. Standard 11/Eleventh Grade 1. denote 14. ethics 27. factorial 40. metalloid 54. reliable resources 66. anaerobic 78. solder 2. hubris 15. commandment 28. logarithm 41. fission 55. sanctions 67. wellness 79. statue 3. omnipotent 16. love 29. standard deviation 42. fusion 56. mercantilism 68. self-confidence 80. tactile 4. symbolism 17. healing 30. outlier 43. plasma 57. genocide 69. pacing 81. weld 5. underlying 18. positive attitude 31. mean 44. tsunami 58. opportunity cost 70. hydration 82. fresco 6. shades of meaning 19. acceptable 32. median 45. data 58. usability 71. exertion 83. minaret 7. acronyms 20. unacceptable 33. mode 46. observation 59. capital 72. game play 84. pediment 8. footnotes 21. proper 34. radicand 47. experimentation 60. elite theory 73. bobbing 85. floor plan 9. mood 22. hard work 35. real numbers 48. heterogeneous 61. de facto 74. range of motion 86. blueprint 10. climax 23. conduct 36. Fibonacci 49. homogeneous 62. impeach 75. strategy 87. tempera 11. double-negative 24. brave 37. central angle 50. Kelvin 63. propaganda 76. pathways 88. woodcut 12. text features 25. psychology 38. polygons 51. solar flares 64. treaties 77. levels 89. Postmodernism 13. analogy 26. theme 39. compound interest 52. DNA 65. tribal systems 90. glaze 53. brain development © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 15. Standard 12/Twelfth Grade 1. gist 15. etiquette 29. hyperbola 43. cloning 57. wellness 70. infrastructure 84. wabi-sabi 2. caveat 16. chivalry 30. undefined (dividing by zero) 44. homeostasis 58. pathways 71. topography 85. bust 3. denote 17. consequences 45. homologous 59. levels 72. geology 86. codex 46. meiosis 60. training 73. governance 87. sanctuary 47. modes of inheritance 61. physiology 74. bankruptcy 88. hologram 62. ethics 75. budget 89. copyright 63. initiative 76. income 90. Gothic 64. biomechanical principles 77. predatory lending 91. iconography 31. factorial 4. dogmatic 18. character 32. logarithm 5. create 19. cruel 33. standard deviation 6. epiphany 20. manners 34. outlier 7. formulate 21. better 35. mean 8. vilify 92. critique 65. nutrition 78. loan sharking 93. palette 52. plasma 66. creative skills 79. reliable resources 25. will-power 94. bravo/brava 39. real numbers 12. drama 51. fusion 24. should 38. radicand 11. diction 50. fission 23. corruption 37. mode 10. fallacy 49. metalloid 22. gift 36. median 9. questioning 48. periodic table 26. delayed gratification 40. Fibonacci 53. tsunami 54. data 13. analogy 27. bandwagon 41. polygons 67. cardiovascular endurance 55. experimentation 80. republicanism 95. proverbs 81. elite theory 68. manipulative movements 96. half note 82. mercantilism 14. misconceptions 97. quarter rest 28. stereotype 42. compound interest 56. presentation 69. circuit training 83. tribal systems © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 16. Strategies for Learning Essential Vocabulary Essential Vocabulary 1. Visuals: pictures, drawings, diagrams, realia (real objects), video clips. Drawings may be created on paper and/or placed on a nice wall display. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/
  • 17. 2. Roman Room System: Imagining a well known room and mentally pegging vocabulary terms and their meanings to objects in the room. Students draw the mental picture on paper. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation
  • 18. 3. Frayer Model: Writing the term, its description and facts, examples of the term, and non-examples/opposite terms. You may also add an additional box for drawing a picture or diagram. These may be created on paper or larger sizes for nice wall displays. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.tantasqua.org/
  • 19. 4. Songs and music: Students create songs using essential vocabulary and their meanings. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/
  • 20. 5. Etymology: Learning the origins of a word. Students use a database, such as http://www.etymonline.com/ to research essential vocabulary. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/
  • 21. 6. Breaking-Up the Words: Looking for prefixes, root words, and suffixes in the terms. You may wish to have this activity done on paper or a creative classroom bulletin board. * You may also provide students the choice of one of these six strategies. Choice in work often increases interest to do it. © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation Image credit: http://www.alinasadventuresinhomemaking.com/
  • 22. Garcia Sports Foundation © Jesse Bluma, Garcia Sports Foundation