Early and medieval west africa not a full period 25 30 min

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Early and Medieval West Africa

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  • Early and medieval west africa not a full period 25 30 min

    1. 1. Early and Medieval West Africa*Copy the underlined information ------Equator------- Mr. Bluma
    2. 2. Geography West Africa has variedenvironments and valuable resources.
    3. 3. Geography continued• The landforms, water, climate, and plant life affected history in West Africa ----Equator-----
    4. 4. Geography continued• Africa is the second largest continent in the world and is shaped like a soup bowl with mountains on the rim.
    5. 5. Geography continued• Africa is the second largest continent in the world and is shaped like a soup bowl with mountains on the rim.
    6. 6. Geography of Africa• The Niger River became a source of water, food, and transportation that Niger River allowed many people to live in the sub-Saharan plains. ------Equator------- Located in the north west. • The sub-Saharan plains are the areas in Africa south of the equator.
    7. 7. Four Regions• The northern part of West Africa is the Sahara desert. • The Sahara Desert is the world’s 2 largest desert. 1 3 • Head of Africa ------Equator------- 4
    8. 8. Sahara Desert
    9. 9. Sahara Desert
    10. 10. Four Regions continued• The Sahel is a that semiarid area divides the desert from wetter areas. • The Sahel has enough vegetation to 2 support hardy 3 grazing animals. ------Equator------- • Located in the north 2 4 • Neck
    11. 11. Sahel
    12. 12. Sahel
    13. 13. Four Regions continued• Farther south is the savannah, which is an open grass area with scattered trees. • Grazing animals are common ------Equator------- there. 3 • Torso
    14. 14. Savannah
    15. 15. Savannah
    16. 16. Savannah
    17. 17. Four Regions continued• Rain forests/ Jungles are moist, densely wooded areas that are near the equator. • They contain a variety of 2 plants and 3 animals. 4 ------Equator------- • Legs 4
    18. 18. Rainforest
    19. 19. 1. Which of the following is the Niger River? A. B. D. A. C. B. D. ------Equator------- C.
    20. 20. 1. Which of the following is the Niger River? D. A. B. D. ------Equator------- C.
    21. 21. Niger River: D.D. Nile RiverCongo River Zambezi River
    22. 22. The picture below shows which region of Africa?A. Sahara AB. Rain forest/ Jungle BC. Sahel C 2D. Savannah 3 D 4
    23. 23. The picture below shows which region of Africa? A B C 2D. Savannah 3 D 4
    24. 24. Region of Africa: D. Savannah
    25. 25. Which of the following is the Sahel?A. 1B. 2C. 3 ------Equator-------D. 4
    26. 26. Which of the following is the Sahel? ------Equator-------D. 4
    27. 27. Sahel:D. 4 ------Equator-------
    28. 28. Which statement correctly describes the sahel region of Africa?A. A forest area full of different animals and plants which receives a lot rainfall.B. A desert area.C. The region between the desert and wetter areas where there is barely enough vegetation for animals.D. A region of grasslands with many grazing animals.
    29. 29. Which statement correctly describes the sahel region of Africa?C. The region between the desert and wetter areas where there is barely enough vegetation for animals.
    30. 30. Sahel: C. The region between the desert and wetter areas where there is barely enough vegetation for animals. (4) ------Equator-------
    31. 31. Resources• West Africa’s resources included farmland, gold, and salt. -----Equator------
    32. 32. Resources continued• West Africa’s land produced many crops, such as dates and kola nuts. • Kola nuts could be used for medicine. Dates Kola Nuts
    33. 33. Resources continued• Gold could be used for jewelry or coins. I love gold!!
    34. 34. Resources continued• Salt was a scarce resource that was found deep in the earth, from lakes that had dried up. • In most of West Africa salt was considered to be of equal value with gold because it was so scarce
    35. 35. Resources continued• Salt was used to preserve and flavor food. • It was essential to good health. It helped people replace what was lost through perspiration.
    36. 36. Conquest and Commerce/BusinessWest Africansusedconqueredpeople asslaves.
    37. 37. Ghana - Actual name is Wagadugu;Ghana means “King" and was the title used during the medieval West African Ghana Empire.- Located between gold mines and salt resources (Want to bewealthy? Make yourself the center or hub of something.) - Mostly Muslim rulers
    38. 38. *Order of kingdoms: G, M, S
    39. 39. Overgrazing• Too many animals graze• Loss of grass = soil blown away• Grassland to Desert

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