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Emergency Management - Policy Perspectives
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Emergency Management - Policy Perspectives Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Emergency Management Planning PLAN 4015/6015: Policy Perspectives Anuradha Mukherji Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning
  • 2. EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT POLICY ISSUES 1. Collaborative vs. Centralized 2. Compliance through coercion or inducements 3. Creation of DHS – not necessarily more efficient 4. Tone of emergency management shifted to national security 5. FEMA & local emergency managers cannot handle terrorism 6. Devaluation of the idea of mitigation 7. Higher priority for terrorism prevention, preparedness, response 8. Low Frequency vs. high frequency
  • 3. LOCAL PARADOX Insufficient attention to threats posed by hazards Intensive development of hazardous areas Local communities bear the brunt of loss SAFE DEVELOPMENT PARADOX Promoting safe but actually making unsafe Levee expansion and development in New Orleans Structural mitigation encourages development in risky areas EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT POLICY ISSUES
  • 4. NFIP LIMITS 1. Unable to update flood insurance rate maps timely 2. Flood insurance available, but buildings not elevated in areas with localized flood risk & levee failure 3. Not able to cover costs from premiums, borrows from treasury 4. Standard – 100 year flood event – not very accurate, most floods caused from other events 5. No incentive to homeowners to reduce flood vulnerability 6. Operating cost & loss from big events, cannot recover through premiums 7. Program does not adequately reflect risk in rates and operates at loss 8. Subsidizes occupancy of hazardous areas and facilitates more development than economically logical EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT