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Urban Form and Design - Urban Design Outside Euro-American Contexts
 

Urban Form and Design - Urban Design Outside Euro-American Contexts

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    Urban Form and Design - Urban Design Outside Euro-American Contexts Urban Form and Design - Urban Design Outside Euro-American Contexts Presentation Transcript

    • PLAN 4003: Urban Form & Design Week 13: Urban Design Outside Euro-American Contexts Anuradha Mukherji Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning
    • General Arguments Cities want to project global image/global power or be global players Through massive building and modernization of cities Not an evolution or maturing overtime like New York, Chicago Capitalist Neo-liberal (diminishing state controls) economies These forces create urban spaces that are primarily for wealthy Massive malls, housing estates, golf courses, resorts, theme parks, office buildings, hotels, showrooms, waterfront developments Car-oriented development (highways, bridges, tunnels), no pedestrian oriented spaces (absence of sidewalks, buildings facing inward) Erasure of historic places or tensions on how to reconcile history and modernity - built by global design & construction firms in the Middle East Massive gaps – producing extremely wealthy, leaving poor behind
    • THE CHINESE CITY
    • CHINA ADMINISTRATIVE PROVINCES This image is attributed to Sameboat @ 2011 (Public Domain)
    • URBAN EXPANSION IN CHINA Landsat View, Pearl River Delta October 1979 January 2003 This image is attributed to NASA Goddard Space Flight Center @ 2012 (CC BY 2.0)
    • Characteristics of the Chinese City Urban Revolution - Breakneck speed of expansion and construction Reinvention of the city – large scale re-development & mega-projects Experiencing massive demolitions Erasure of historic places Population displacement – dense urban neighborhoods redeveloped Sprawl & commuting lifestyles (dense urban sprawl consuming farms) Environmental degradation (coal plants, increasing traffic – air, water, land pollution) Parallels to a younger booming United States, bold and audacious
    • Characteristics of Chinese Growth China’s hunger to be prosperous, powerful and global player Little attention to the negative externalities of unchecked growth Inequality between regions and in cities Coastal cities wealthier than those inland Rural migrants critical to construction boom No benefits for migrants – health, education, housing Blamed for social ills Rise of gated communities Rising consumerism
    • Wu Ping & Yang Wu, Nail House, Chongqing Municipality 219 meter square generations old house Symbol of protest, nail that refused to be hammered down Compensation not enough, private property rights About 280 other residents left one by one Construction began, 10 meter pit dug around the house This image is attributed to China Daily, 2007
    • Wu Ping & Yang Wu, Nail House, Chongqing Municipality This image is attributed to Zhou Shuguang @ 2007 (CC BY-SA 2.5)
    • THIRD PLACE – Bath House, China
    • Maglev train coming out of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Massive infrastructure projects This image is attributed to Alex Needham @ 2006 (Public Domain)
    • Elevated Highways, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Pyzhou @ 2008 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
    • Pudong New Area, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
    • Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
    • Guangzhou, China Guangzhou (12 million), one of eight metropolises forming the largest urban agglomeration on earth ringing the Pearl River Delta of China This image is attributed to Chensiyuan @ 2011 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
    • Urban Dualities in Arab World
    • Abu Dhabi (1960s, Prior to oil boom), United Arab Emirates This image is attributed to Jan Smith (Abu Dhabi Heritage Village Museum) @ 2009 (CC BY 2.0)
    • Abu Dhabi (Satellite Image), United Arab Emirates This image is attributed to NASA Astronauts @ 2011 (Public Domain)
    • Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates This image is attributed to AreJay @ 2008 (CC BY 2.0)