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Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City
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Urban Form and Design - Debating the American City

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  • 1. PLAN 4003: Urban Form & Design Week 4: Debating the American City Anuradha Mukherji Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning
  • 2. MORDERN PLANNING & LE CORBUSIER - Critiques traditional physical structure of cities - Utopian vision of modern city geared towards the car - Not grounded in how people live, interact, and enjoy cities - Enamored with products of industrialization – car, mechanization, standardization
  • 3. CORBUSIER’S ARGUMENT PACK DONKEY’S WAY VS MAN’S WAY Man: Governed by reason, intelligence, experience, goals Pack Donkey: Comfort, convenience, lack of concentration, meanders, line of least resistance
  • 4. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City)
  • 5. Camillo Sitte, Study of Medieval Plazas This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923)
  • 6. Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome, Italy)/Capitoline Hill, Michelangelo, 1537, Italian Renaissance This image is attributed to Giulio Menna @ 2010 (CC BY-ND 2.0)
  • 7. CAMILLO SITTE’S IDEAS - Straight lines are unnatural, do not follow terrain - Need both art and function to make cities appealing - Lack of urban public space in cities - Isolated block of buildings, and no unifying factors, boring spaces
  • 8. This image is attributed to United States Geological Survey Pruitt-Igoe Public Housing Complex, St. Louis, Missouri
  • 9. CORBUSIER’S IDEAS - Modern city functions along straight lines – sewers, tunnels, highways, traffic circulation - Divided into grid system, no need for curves - Stress on functionality, no artistic tradition - Bare, efficient, functional – main purpose of carrying traffic, gas, water, electric lines - No discussion of street as a public space – crooked streets as pack donkey’s way
  • 10. CORBUSIER’S IDEAS - High-rise vertical towers with lots of leftover space in-between - Standardized super blocks using repetition, mechanization, and industrialization of construction - Dense city center comprising business and residential towers with garden cities on periphery - Technical, civil engineering project
  • 11. BRASILIA, Capital of Brazil This image is attributed to www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  • 12. BRASILIA
  • 13. BRASILIA This image is attributed to www.skyscraperlife.com, Accessed February 2013
  • 14. BRASILIA This image is attributed to www.skyscraperlife.com, Accessed February 2013
  • 15. Construction Phase, National Congress, BRASILIA Built upon 20th century principles of urbanism as expressed by Le Corbusier Applied to the scale of a capital city, only other example is Chandigarh, India This image is attributed to www.oesquema.com.br, Accessed February 2013
  • 16. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA This image is attributed to m.feher.pestana @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
  • 17. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA This image is attributed www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  • 18. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA This image is attributed to www.indirameza.wordpress.com, Accessed February 2013
  • 19. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA
  • 20. HAUSSMANN’S PARIS
  • 21. HAUSSMANN’S PARIS
  • 22. HAUSSMANN’S PARIS
  • 23. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Felipe Venancio @ 2008 (CC BY 2.0)
  • 24. Ministry Buildings, BRASILIA This image is attributed to Julio Cesar Barbosa @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 25. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Julio Cesar Barbosa @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 26. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Julio Cesar Barbosa @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 27. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Diogo Diniz Garcia Gomes @ 2010 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  • 28. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Julio Cesar Barbosa @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 29. Presidential Palace, BRASILIA This image is attributed to gtavares @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 30. Palace of Justice, BRASILIA This image is attributed to Sergio Lang @ 2012 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
  • 31. Metropolitan Cathedral, BRASILIA This image is attributed to Olivier Peyre @ 2007 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • 32. BRASILIA This image is attributed to Marco Mugnatto @ 2010 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  • 33. CORBUSIAN CITY - Theoretical top-down design, gigantic at eye level, not to human-scale - No sensitivity to local contexts - Forgot how people lived for centuries – need a car in a Corbusian city - Centralized and controlled by designer, no input from people
  • 34. NEIGHBORHOOD UNIT This image is attributed to New York Regional Survey @ 1929 - Growing congestion and traffic - New plans for regional expansion - Idea of a self contained neighborhood unit - Centered on school and community center - Bound by arterial roads - No vehicular traffic through neighborhood - Unit – school, residential, shops, parks - Codified by FHA into sub-division standards

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