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Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
Urban Form and Design - Course Review
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Urban Form and Design - Course Review

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  • 1. PLAN 4003: Urban Form & Design Week 14: COURSE REVIEW Anuradha Mukherji Assistant Professor of Urban and Regional Planning
  • 2. Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome, Italy), Michelangelo, 1537, Italian Renaissance This image is attributed to Society of Architectural Historians @ 2011 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 3. Piazza Del Campidoglio (Rome, Italy)/Capitoline Hill, Michelangelo, 1537, Italian Renaissance This image is attributed to Giulio Menna @ 2010 (CC BY-ND 2.0)
  • 4. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City) This image is attributed to Mark Jaroski @ 2004 (CC BY-SA 2.5)
  • 5. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City) This image is attributed to John McNab @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • 6. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City)
  • 7. Haussmannization of Paris (Transformation of a Medieval City)
  • 8. Ohio Works of the Carnegie Steel Co., Youngstown, Ohio, 1910 These images are attributed to Haines Photo Co. @ 1919 (PD-US-1923) and Seattle Engineering Co. (PD-US-1923) Seattle Railroad, 1900
  • 9. Urban Tenements This image is in the public domain (PD-US-1923)
  • 10. This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) Frederick Law Olmstead, 1895 Portrait by John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) URBAN PARKS MOVEMENT - Urban parks formalized as public space or recreational area - Response to worsening urban conditions - Links with public health - Aligned with democratic ideals, open to all - Parks for the public - Move away from formalized, rationalized geometric designs, more organic instead - Parks as the ‘lungs of the city’, bringing clean air and sunlight into dirty grimy industrial city - Parks provided recreational opportunities and an ‘outlet’ for the stresses of city life
  • 11. Central Park, New York City (Designed by Frederick Law Olmstead & Calvert Vaux, 1858, 843 acre)
  • 12. Garden City – Self sufficient unit This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) IDEA OF THE GARDEN CITY - Ebenezer Howard – Town-Country Magnet - Overcrowding an urban ill - Cities attractive due to higher wages and social opportunities, recreation - Hardship in cities – high rents, prices, long work hours, commuting distance, isolation and alienation, health hazards - Rural life beautiful - offers land, fresh air, water, sunshine - Rural less compelling – dull and lack of economic opportunities - Combining features of urban and country life to achieve balanced lifestyles and best of both - Self contained garden cities of 30,000 people around a larger central city - Cities with higher wages, regular jobs and healthier environments
  • 13. Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City (Reorganization of the City) This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923) GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT - Elements – zoning and greenbelts - Zoning – division of land for different uses - Green belts – ‘buffer’ zones between distinct land uses - Housing and community facilities away from factory and manufacturing areas
  • 14. Letchworth Garden City, Hertfordshire, Great Britain This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923)
  • 15. CORBUSIER’S IDEAS - Modern city functions along straight lines – sewers, tunnels, highways, traffic circulation - Divided into grid system, no need for curves - Stress on functionality, no artistic tradition - Bare, efficient, functional – main purpose of carrying traffic, gas, water, electric lines - No discussion of street as a public space – crooked streets as pack donkey’s way
  • 16. This image is attributed to United States Geological Survey Pruitt-Igoe Public Housing Complex, St. Louis, Missouri
  • 17. BRASILIA, Capital of Brazil This image is attributed to www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  • 18. BRASILIA This image is attributed to www.skyscraperlife.com, Accessed February 2013
  • 19. Central Monumental Axis, BRASILIA This image is attributed www.urbanity.es, Accessed February 2013
  • 20. CAMILLO SITTE’S IDEAS - Straight lines are unnatural, do not follow terrain - Need both art and function to make cities appealing - Lack of urban public space in cities - Isolated block of buildings, and no unifying factors, boring spaces
  • 21. Camillo Sitte, Study of Medieval Plazas This image is attributed to Public Domain (PD-US-1923)
  • 22. NEIGHBORHOOD UNIT – CLARENCE PERRY This image is attributed to New York Regional Survey @ 1929 - Growing congestion and traffic - New plans for regional expansion - Idea of a self contained neighborhood unit - Centered on school and community center - Bound by arterial roads - No vehicular traffic through neighborhood - Unit – school, residential, shops, parks - Codified by FHA into sub-division standards
  • 23. JANE JACOBS This image is attributed to www.thesocietypages.org, Accessed February 2013 1. Sidewalk & Safety - Eyes on the Street 1. Sidewalk & Public Life 1. Sidewalk & Child Rearing 1. Neighborhood Park 1. City Neighborhoods
  • 24. Greenwich Village, New York City This image is attributed to nydiscovery7 @ 2007 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 25. North End, Boston This image is attributed to Mukherji @ 2013, All Rights Reserved
  • 26. Suburban Sprawl, Las Vegas This image is attributed to guidoanselmi @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)
  • 27. Mixed Use Development, Greater London This image is attributed to Minerva Bloom @ 2009 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  • 28. NEW URBANISM, Main Square, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to Tim Cummins @ 2007 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • 29. NEW URBANISM, Main Square, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 30. NEW URBANISM, Street, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 31. NEW URBANISM, Inner Street, Seaside, Florida This image is attributed to UGArdener @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 32. Kevin Lynch
  • 33. BOSTON
  • 34. Wynantskill, New York This image is attributed to Matt Wade @ 2009 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
  • 35. Andover, Massachusetts This image is attributed to NNECAPA@ 2005 (CC 2.0)
  • 36. Greenville, North Carolina This image is attributed to Zach Frailey @ 2013 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • 37. THIRD PLACE – English Pub
  • 38. THIRD PLACE – Bath House, China
  • 39. THIRD PLACE – Street side Bench, Italy
  • 40. Stroget (Largest Pedestrian Mall), Copenhagen, Denmark This image is attributed to Project for Public Spaces (www.pps.org)
  • 41. Plaza (Sitting), Seattle, Washington Photograph by Anuradha Mukherji @ 2013
  • 42. Union Square, San Francisco, California
  • 43. Rockfeller Center Office, New York City, New York This image is attributed to Project for Public Spaces (www.pps.org)
  • 44. Space Between Buildings, Seattle, Washington Photograph by Anuradha Mukherji @ 2013
  • 45. Complete Street (Downtown, Portland, Oregon) This image is attributed to Todd Mecklem @ 2011 (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • 46. Complete Street, East Boulevard, Charlotte, North Carolina This image is attributed to CompleteStreets @ 2010 (CC BY-NC 2.0)
  • 47. Automobile Parking, Wide Pedestrian Sidewalk & Sheltered Bike Parking (Hawthorne, Portland, Oregon) This image is attributed to Steven Vance @ 2010 (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
  • 48. Elevated Highways, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Pyzhou @ 2008 (CC BY-SA 3.0)
  • 49. Pudong New Area, Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)
  • 50. Shanghai, China This image is attributed to Richard Aufreiter @ 2012 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

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