How to Avoid Plagiarism

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  • 1. How to Avoid Plagiarism Aurora Tsai
  • 2. What is Plagiarism?A simple definition:• presenting someone else’s words or ideas as if they were your own.
  • 3. What are some examples of Plagiarism?Is it plagiarism to hire someone to write yourpaper for you? OIs it plagiarism to copy someone’s words from awebsite while giving credit to the source? XIs it plagiarism to write your opinion aboutsomeone else’s comments? XIs it plagiarism to summarize someone else’sideas from a written or spoken source? OIs it plagiarism to do these things by mistake? O All avoidable by citing the author!!
  • 4. Consequences of PlagiarismPlagiarism is a violation of the Student Conduct Code that may result in suspension or expulsion from the University. (Source: 2003-2004 University of Hawaii Catalog)These days, it’s very easy for instructors to use the Internet to catch plagiarists.
  • 5. Generally, you need to give credit when you . . .• use or refer to somebody else‟s words or ideas from a book, magazine, newspaper, web page, computer program, letter, or any other media• use information gained through interviewing another person• copy the exact words or a „unique phrase‟ from somewhere• reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, and pictures• use ideas that others have given you in conversations or emails
  • 6. How to Present Information in Writing Step One: Use an “in text” citation
  • 7. How to Present Information in Writing• Quotes 1. According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty avoiding plagiarism, especially when it was their first time learning about citations" (p. 199).• Paraphrasing and Summaries: 1. According to Jones (1998), avoiding plagiarism is a difficult concept for first-time learners (p. 199). 2. Avoiding plagiarism can be difficult for first-time learners (Jones, 1998, p. 199).
  • 8. Try using “in text” CitationsParagraph Topic:TS: We need to drive more fuel efficient carsin order to protect our environment.SS1: First of all, car exhaust leads to globalwarming, which has caused globaltemperatures to rise drastically. This SS1 is a Fact that Needs Proof, so let’s add a specific supporting detail (SSD)
  • 9. 2009: SECOND WARMEST YEAR ON RECORDSS1: Car exhaust leads toglobal warming, whichhas caused globaltemperatures to risedrastically.Except for a leveling off between the 1940s and1970s, Earths surface temperatures haveincreased since 1880. The last decade has broughtthe temperatures to the highest levels everrecorded. The graph shows global annual surfacetemperatures relative to 1951-1980 meantemperatures. Source: NASA, 2009 Annual Report
  • 10. QuotationAccording to NASA, “The last decade has broughtthe temperatures to the highest levels everrecorded” (NASA, 2009 Annual Report). ParaphraseThe 2009 Annual Report by NASA (2009) revealsthat the last decade has had the highesttemperatures ever recorded.
  • 11. Topic 2 TS: The cost of college education is becoming a societal problem in America. SS1: Tuition prices are rising faster than family income levels. Fact that Needs Proof or Opinion?
  • 12. College May Become Unaffordable for Most in U.S. QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. The rising cost of tuition threatens to put college education out of reach for most Paraphrase Americans. or Summary Over all, college tuition and fees increased 439% from Quotation 1982 to 2007, while family QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. income only rose 147 percent. Student borrowing has more than doubled in the last decade, and students from lower- income families, on average, get smaller scholarships from the colleges they attend thanSS1: Tuition prices are students from more wealthyrising faster than family families.income levels. Source: The New York Times
  • 13. When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an authorname. Place the title in quotation marks if its a short work (e.g. articles) or italicize it if its alonger work (U of Purdue Website). Quotation An article by The New York Times reveals that, “over all, college tuition and fees increased 439% from 1982 to 2007, while family income only rose 147 percent. ” (“College May Become Unaffordable”). Paraphrase An article about increasing tuition costs in The New York Times discusses how students are borrowing twice as much money to pay for college. However, even this may not be enough since tuition has risen over 400% in the last 30 years. (“College May Become Unaffordable”).
  • 14. How to Present Information in Writing Step Two: Write the name of the source (book, article, etc.) in your “Works Cited” list at the end of your paper.
  • 15. Works Cited "How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, Inc., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2009. <http://www.ehow.com/how_10727_make- vegetarian-chili.html>.How do we know how to write/format this list? Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002. Web. 4 May 2009. <http://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving/>.
  • 16. How to Cite sources: Format• Resource: Purdue University Online Writing Lab: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ (write this URL down!!)• Different disciplines require different citation styles – MLA (Modern Language Association), APA (American Psychological Association) – You can use either for this class, but all examples are MLA format
  • 17. Try it: Write up a Works Cited Entry for your articleA Page on a Web Site“Name of Article.” Name of Website. OrganizationName, Date of last update (if available). Date youaccessed the site: website address.An Article in a Web MagazineAuthor Last name, first name. “Article Name.” WebsiteName. Organization Name, Date of last website update(if available). Date you accessed the site: websiteaddress.