Lte Latam 2012 Alberto Boaventura V6

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It has been presented during Latin America 2012 and intends to provide an overall LTE technology overview, motivation and main Oi’ test results.

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Lte Latam 2012 Alberto Boaventura V6

  1. 1. LTE Latin America 2012 17-18 April 2012 Windsor Barra Hotel, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil OI’s CASE STUDY Alberto Boaventura Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas +55 21 8875 4998
  2. 2. Presentation Duration: 6 h and 30 min!!! Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  3. 3. What is LTE? 3GPP LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a standard for wireless high-speed data to mobile phones and data terminals. It is based on the GSM / EDGE and UMTS / HSPA, totally over IP, with the increased capacity and throughput using new modulation techniques, smart antenna systems and self-organizing network. IEEE 802.11ac (<6 GHz) IEEE 802.11ad (>60 GHz) ADVANCED ITU-R M.2034 Spectral Efficiency DL 15 bits/Hz UL 6.75 bits/Hz Latency User Plane < 10 ms Control Plane < 100 ms IEEE 802.16m Bandwidth ITU-R M.2034 40 MHz ITU-R M.1645 100 MHz Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  4. 4. What is LTE? OFDM MIMO Flexibility Flat Self Organized Evolution Architecture Network Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  5. 5. OFDM and Flat ArchitectureOFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex)  New air interface based on OFDM (UL SC-OFDMA & DL OFDMA)  OFDMA is quite similar with respect to FDMA frequencies the division for information transfer;  It uses the encoding process modulated in sub​​-bands with orthogonal carriers;  General air interface control plane simplification for latency reduction Subbands Ik/Qk Ik/Qk DMS Codif. IFFT DA t Duração do f SímboloSAE (System Architecture Evolution)  Architecture, protocols, interfaces completely HLR/HSS IMS based on IP Sh S6a Rx Ro/Rf  There is no longer the controlling element of the access network (BSC / RNC), with mobility Sp OCS/ management functions performed by the ENB. MME PCRF OFCS  There is no longer the domain CS (Circuit S1-AP Sy X2 S11 Gx Gy/Gz Switched) services and legacy will be emulated by IMS (SMS and Voice) Internet  Seamless integration with non-3GPP access (eg S-GW P-GW S5 SGi Wi-Fi/WLAN) S5  General simplification in RMM state machine E-UTRAN Evolved Packet Core Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  6. 6. MIMO & SONMIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output) Multiplexing: Different signals Diversity: Same signal Beamforming BER Capacity SINR min(NTx , NRx) Antenna SNR TimeSelf Organized Newtork Self-Planning & Dynamic Re-planning Self-Configuration Self-Optimization Self-healing Plug and Play Self Adjustment Self Repair Automatic Configuration and setup Real time network adjustments Automatic and quick failure mitigation Automatic Inventory MIMO + SON = Coordenation Multi-Point (CoMP) Control for effective interference between cells Automatic Neighbor Relations (inter-cell inerference) Smallcells Heterogeneous  Essential tool to increase coverage and Network capacity  Two modes: X2  Coordinated scheduling & Beamforming  Joint processing/transmission Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  7. 7. Flexibility & EvolutionDifferent supported bandwidth TDD & FDD Several supported bands1,4 MHz DL UL TDD 3 MHz 5 MHz Tempo 10 MHz UL DL FDD 43 bands are defined in Rel. 10 15 MHz 20 MHz FreqüênciaBands in World: Rational Band Usage: Band 3GPP (LTE) Status 700 MHz Bands 12, 13 & 14 USA, Colômbia & Peru 800 MHz Band 20 (DD) Europe DD, Germany, UK, Sueden 850 MHz Band 5 Korea Capacidade: >2 GHz 1800 MHz Band 2 Europe Cobertura ou Capacidade: > 1 GHz & <2 GHz AWS Band 4 USA 2100 MHz Band 1 Japan Cobertura: < 1 GHz 2300 MHz Band 40 Asia 2600 MHz Band 7 Europe Combined used for LTE Advanced3GPP Releases and world introduction expectation 2010- 2010 2011 2012 2013 2013+ EDGE (Rel 7) E-EDGE (Rel 8) Release 11 DL:474 kbps DL:1,89 Mbps Release 10 UL:474 kbps UL: 947 kbps Release 9 Release 8 HSPA+ (Rel 7) HSPA+ (Rel 8) HSPA+ (Rel 9) HSPA+ (Rel 10) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 DL: 28 Mbps DL: 42 Mbps DL: 84 Mbps DL: 168 Mbps UL: 11,5 Mbps UL: 11,5 Mbps UL: 23 Mbps UL: 23 Mbps BW: 5 MHz BW: 5 MHz BW: 10 MHz BW: 20/10 MHz IMT Advanced LTE (Rel 8) LTE (Rel 9) LTE (Rel 10) LTE (Rel 11) DL: 300 Mbps Network DL: 1.2 Gbps UL: 45 Mbps resources UL: 568 Mbps DL:> 1.2 Gbps BW: 20 MHz optmization BW: 40 MHz BW: 100 MHz Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  8. 8. What does LTE stand for? Mobile Broadband New Services TCO Reduction Brazilian Policies M2M LTE Trial Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  9. 9. Mobile BroadbandThe Internet and broadband continue to grow Broadband, peoples welfare and progress 1.8 B & Internet Users Growth +13% year-on-year McKinsey estimates that “a 10% increase in broadband’s household penetration delivers a boost to a country’s GDP that ranges from 0.1% to 1.4%. 18.8T Minutes & Growth +21% year-on-year Booz estimates that broadband penetration of 10% higher a year is related to500 MM 40,00% the 1.5% growth in labor productivity over the next five years. 384 29% Users400 MM Growth 30,00% 23% When a person is connected, his life changes!300 MM 238 14% 13% 20,00%200 MM 130100 MM 67 39 4% 10,00% 0 MM 0,00% China India Brasil Russia USA Fixed & Mobile Broadband (Millions) Fixed & Mobile Accesses (Millions) Mobile devices are Fixed telephone linesSubstitution or Convergence? preferred in the younger 1000 Mobile cellular subscriptions 200 generations for the establishment of Fixed broadband subscriptions80,0% 18 a 24 telecommunications Mobile broadband subscriptions 25 a 34 services.60,0% 500 10040,0% 35 a 44 45 a 54 In Latin America, it is20,0% expected that the number0,0% 55 a 64 of mobile broadband Local LD access to overcome the 0 0 65 ~ 2001 2000 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Source: Femtoforum fixed in 2012.Growth in Mobile Broadband Source: ITU/ICT/MIS At the same time, it is6 Mbps América Latina expected that the average America do Norte grows exponentially. In5 Mbps Brazil, the growth is 82% Europa Ocidental4 Mbps year-on-year by 2015 Brazil according to Cisco3 Mbps2 Mbps Video is now 40% of1 Mbps Internet traffic, and will reach 61% by 2015 .0 Mbps 6.3 exabytes per month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 across the mobile network Source: Cisco VNI 2010 by 2015, 4.2 exabytes will Source: Cisco VNI 2010 be due to video. Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  10. 10. New Services & M2MMainframe-> Mini-> Desktop -> Smartphones/Tablets 5 trends for convergence: MBB + Social Internet Networking + Video + VoIP + usability in Móvel different devices Internet The significant growth forecast for the mobile Internet is justified by the integration of Desktop features (for personal use) in a single device, Mainframe Mini 10 B+ making it in some years, the primary device from the desktop. It is estimated that the demand for Tablet can 1 B+ surpass 100 million shipments by 2012 Smartphones and tablets, in particular, 100 MM+ catalyze the demand for the business market, allowing a marriage to the world of IT 1 MM+ 10 MM+ through Cloud Computing 1960 1970 1980 1990 2020+Machine to Machine 1st Phase: Vertical Applications 2nd Phase: Regulation 3rd Phase: Internet of Things Applications: Applications: Applications:  POS  POS  POS  Fleet Management  Fleet Management  Fleet Management  Telecom + Transportation + Utilities Tracking Tracking  Tracking  + Health + 50 billion Government =Cameras Cities Smart  Monitoring Cameras  Mobile Payment  Mobile Payment  Mobile Payment  Monitoring connected  Energy Meters  Energy Meters devices by 2020  Toll Payment  Toll Payment  eCall  Remote Maintenance  Media Synchronization 2010 2015  2020 Health Monitoring Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  11. 11. TCO ReductionDilemma of Broadband: Decoupling Revenue and Traffic Tráfego (Custo) Service Throughput Price € Cost/ Price/ Releative The relative price per & Volume Mbyte MByte Price Mbyte when SMS 160 Bytes €0.15/ €X € 1.000 400.000 compared to mensagem broadband is: Receita Voz 10 kbps 0.05 a € 0.5 €Y € 0.7 - € 7 300 - 3000  400,000 times o minuto greater for SMS and Domínio de Voz Domínio de Dados Dados (3 3 GBytes €20 / mês € Y/5 € 0.007 3  300-3000 times GBytes) greater for the voice Mobile TV 50 horas @ €5 / mês € Y/5 € 0.0023 1 service. Unicast (50 hrs) 100 kbps Source: Agilent (LTE World Summit 2010)CapEx Cost per Base Station: LTE vs 3G Base Station Density (eNB/km2 ) vs User Density (users/km2)$$$ 0,2000 3,0000 Low density High density$$$ 0,1500 2,0000$$$ 3a. Portadora 0,1000$$$ 2a. Portadora 0,0500 1,0000$$$ NodeB 0,0000 0,0000$$$ LTE (X) 0 20 40 60 0 500 1000$$$ 1800 MHz (10) 2600 MHz (20) 1800 MHz (10) 2600 MHz (20) 3G (1) 3G (2) 3G (3) 3G (4) HSPA+ HSPA+ (DC) HSPA+ HSPA+ (DC) Source: Planejamento/2011OpEx Source: GTEC/2011 Self Organized Network Self-Planning & Dynamic Re-planning Self-Configuration Based on "Heavy Reading: 4G/LTE Insider 2010" Self-Optimization The estimated savings in OpEx is 40% Self-healing Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  12. 12. PNBL Fixed Broadband: Penetration and Income regional distribuition Fixed Broadband: Penetration vs Price México Accesses/Home Per Capita Income 30% Brasil Home penetration North 13,5% R$ 449,00 Argentina 20% Venezuela Northeast 4,0% R$ 381,00 Colômbia Center-West 20,0% R$ 760,00 10% Peru Southest 23,8% R$ 748,00 Chile 0% South 21,3% R$ 759,00 USA PPP $0,00 $50,00 $100,00 Source: PNBL 2009 Source: IPEA 2009/ITU ICT/MIS 2010/Cisco VNI 2010 Broadband access definition: an access with traffic flow such as to allow consumers, individual or corporate, fixed or mobile, to enjoy, with quality, a bundle of services and applications based on voice, data and video. Private Fixed Access Equipment Public Fixed Access Equipment Mobile Broadband Access: (Urban and Rural): (Urban and Rural): Private Fixed Access Equipment Bringing broadband access to 100% 60 million mobile broadband (Urban and Rural): of the organs of government, access: terminals voice / data 30 million fixed broadband access including: administration, rural (with active data service) and data (urban and rural), adding to the public schools (70k), health facilities modems only. 2014 access in homes, companies and cooperatives. (177k), public libraries (>10k), law enforcement agencies (>14k).Offer Policy Demand Policy Quality Policy New edition PGMU III and Review of Concession Agreements  Restraint of tying  Regulation of Quality of Services General Plan Competition – PGMC  Computers for All Program  Regulation of Network Neutrality New frequency bands (450, 2600, 3500 MHz)  Tax exemption by the Union and Federation Regulating resale of services States Regulation of infra/net sharing  FISTEL differentiated regime for small Regulation of Significant Market Power – PMS providers of SCM Additional regulation for the SCM Revision of Regulations for Compensation Network Deploying converged license Definition of traffic exchange points – PTT Reduce the cost of SCM license for small providers Granting of new concessions to TV via cable Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  13. 13. Auction for 450 MHz & 2500 MHz Wide country license (15+15 years) Coverage Obligations2600 MHz Mobile operators only (SMP) 450 MHz 2600 MHz 2012 Service for access to broadband Availability of towers and other Internet, free of charge in all infrastructure implementation P W V1 V2 X T U P W V1 V2 X public schools located in rural support, transport to the fulfillment area of ​service provision; of commitments covered by the 2570 winning bidder of Lot 1 (450 MHz 2620 26902500 separately) up to the shared costs 2013 30% of municipalities. (Dec/2013) Host Cities of das ConfederationsPer local area (15 +15 years) Cup (Apr/2013)Multimedia and mobile operators (SMP & SCM) Host and Additional Cities for FIFA World Cup 2014 (Dec/2013)450 MHz 1 subband FDD 7+7 MHz 2017 2016 2015 2014 60% of municipalities (Dec/2014) Capitals, municipalities with more than 500k inhabitants and also the Federal District (Dec/2014) SLMP SLP e SARC 100% of municipalities Municipalities with more than SARC SLE SMP, STFC e SCM SMP, STFC e SCM (Dec/2015) 200k inhabitants (Dec/2015) SLP SLP Municipalities with more than 468 450 451 458 460 461 100k inhabitants (Dec/2016) Download throughput of 1 Mbps, Municipalities between 30 k andAuction Dynamics Type B (Lot 2 - 5) upload 256 kbps, and a minimum 100k inhabitants, there will be at monthly 500 MB Overage-Free. least one provider at 2.5 GHz; 450 e 2600 MHz Can be met using another radio Service offerings in technological Type A (Lot1) frequency. conditions equivalent to 3G. 450 MHz No As the schedule PGMU. 30% Municipalities below 30k, with (Dec/2017) superior technology than 3G. (Dec/2017)Lot 1 – Highest discount offered on Winner? 2018 60% Municipalities below 30k, withplan and wholesale for individual superior technology than 3G.accesses and Payphone. Yes (Dec/2018)Lot 2 till 76 – Highest price offered at 100% Municipalities below 30k, 2019final bid presentation. Type C (Lot 6 - 9) with superior technology than 3G. 2600 MHz (Dec/2019) Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  14. 14. LTE TrialOverview: Goals Program for testing systemic compliance and performance to: Cabo Frio Teresópolis Technology Internalization (ALU) (Ericsson) Technology, architecture, end-to-end service evaluation Anticipation and assessment of potential problems in future implementation Evaluation of suppliers Araruama Itaguaí (Huawei) (NSN) Phase 0 Phase 1 Phase 2 Macaé (ZTE) Standard compliance  Special feature tests  Outdoor performance tests tests Systemic testsTrial Participants: Altogether there were nine companies involved with more than 100 professionals, to perform planning, installation, configuration and execution over 50 tests in access, core and IMS network.Scope of Trial: Access Network Transport Network Core Network IMS & PCRF Complete 2G/3G/4G Mobile Network Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  15. 15. Trial TopologyLogical Topology GERAN PSTN/ UTRAN MSS MGW C PLMN A/IuCS Gb/IuPS SGs/SvC HLR/HSS Mc Sh eNB Sp Oi-Lab and SGSN Indoor MME PCRF IMS environment X2 Rx Gn/S11 Gx GGSN Gm S1-AP S1-AP S-GW Internet eNB Outdoor P-GW Gi/SGi environment S1-U S1-U X2 eNBPhysical Topology Outdoor Indoor (Oi-Lab) eUTRAN GERAN MSS MGW UTRAN HLR/HSS PTN Switch LAN Metro Ethernet eNB JDSU’s Probe PTN GGSN eNB SGSN S-GW PCRF IMS MME P-GW IP Radio Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  16. 16. Phase 0: Tests in DetailLatecy Single User Throughput MIMO Scheme Testing Cell Capacity Attach latency  Single user peak throughput,  Downlink TCP Throughput at  Downlink TCP/UDP cell peak Idle to Active latency Downlink UDP Cell Edge with 2*2MIMO capacity with PDCCH symbol User plane latency, ping  Single user peak throughput, Transmit Diversity Configuration adaptive of 6 UEs 32/1000/1500Bytes, pre- Downlink TCP  Downlink TCP Throughput at  Uplink TCP/UDP cell peak scheduled  Single user peak throughput, Cell Edge with 2*2MIMO capacity of 6 UEs User plane latency, ping Uplink UDP Adaptive Configuration  Downlink TCP/UDP cell peak 32/1000/1500Bytes, non-pre-  Single user peak throughput, capacity, 1 GBR with 5 NGBR scheduled Uplink TCP with PDCCH adaptive  Uplink TCP/UDP cell peak capacity, 1 GBR with 5 NGBRSecurity Management IPV6 Authentication SON  IPV6 address allocation by Subscriber data and signaling  Automatic Neighboring Relation PDNGW VoIP by IMS confidentiality  Static IPv6 Address subscribed in  Attach & Register  NAS encryption and integrity the HSS  Attach to EPC and register protection, EIA1 and EEA1  Dynamic IPv4IPv6 Address to IMS algorithm supported subscribed in the HSS  NAS encryption and integrity Policy Charging Control  De-Registration initiated by protection, EIA2 and EEA2  Bandwidth control according subscriber algorithm supported subscriber category  De-Registration initiated by  NAS encryption, NULL  Policy Charging Control based on LTE Mobility with Legacy HSS algorithm supported services Networks  Authorization  Bandwidth control according  UL IRAT  Registration Authentication P2P service by predefined • Redirection without - SIP Digest PCC rule measurements from LTE to  Session Authentication - SIP  Bandwidth control according UMTS DigestEPC Pooling FTP service by predefined • Reselection from LTE to UMTS  Voice call S1-Flex based on the MME load PCC rule from LTE to UMTS  Voice call S1-Flex redundancy under the  Bandwidth control according  GL IRAT  Failure call - callee busy outage of MME with busy time • LTE to GERAN cell reselection  Failure call - callee not failover scenario  Policy Charging Control based on for a PS attached UE in idle registered PDN GW and Serving GW quota usage status mode  Failure call - callee no Selection based on the  Bandwidth control according • LTE to GSM redirection answer Integrated Strategy quota usage status on without measurement PDN GW and Serving GW session level Selection based on the Priority  Bandwidth control according PDN GW and Serving GW quota usage status on Selection based on the Weight service level PDN GW and Serving GW Selection based on the Topologically Closest Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  17. 17. Phase 0: A Sample ResultsLatency Control Plane User Plane600 ms 30,0 ms400 ms 20,0 ms200 ms 10,0 ms 0 ms 0,0 ms Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 Attach latency Idle to Active latency Ping 32 Ping 1000 Ping 1432Single User Throughput Downlink Uplink105,0 Mbps 60,0 Mbps100,0 Mbps 40,0 Mbps 95,0 Mbps 20,0 Mbps 90,0 Mbps 85,0 Mbps 0,0 Mbps Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 UDP TCP UDP TCPCell Capacity (Per user throughput @ 6 UEs) Downlink 10,0 Mbps Uplink30,0 Mbps20,0 Mbps 5,0 Mbps10,0 Mbps 0,0 Mbps 0,0 Mbps Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4 Vendor 5 UDP TCP UDP TCP Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  18. 18. Phase 2: Tests in DetailTwo test modes (A) User Static (B) User Mobility SINR < 6 dB Drive Test, considering user 6 dB < SINR < 13 dB, mobility route around the base SINR > 13 dB station with a speed of 30-50 km/h. Test 1: Throughput Test 2: Cell Capacity Test 3: Latency Both modes (A & B)  Mode A Only  Both modes (A & B) Bandwidth 10 and 20 MHz  Multiple Users Capacity: DL and UL load  Attach Throughput test for DL and UL distribution 4:0:0 of 50%, 100% in the  Idle to Active neighboring cells FTP session over UDP and TCP  User Plane – ping 32/1000/1500 Bytes pre-  Average Cell Capacity: DL and UL for load schedule Collected information: Lat/Long, distribution 1:2:1 of 50%, 100% in the Throughput, SINR, RSRP, CQI, RI, PMI, MCS. neighboring cells  User Plane – ping 32/1000/1500 Bytes non Coverage plot pre-schedule Test 4: Interference Management Test 5: Mobility Management Test 6: Self Organized Network Mode A Only  Mode B Only  Mode A Only For UL/DL in two adjacent cells.  Accessibility Test: Attach, start FTP session  Intra freq ANR for the green field ICIC: With UE1 UE2 in the middle and the with duration of 60s, detach, wait 12  Intra-Freq MLB mobility load balancing edge of two cells. Tests with and without seconds and repeat. KPI to measure ICIC - measuring rate, RSRQ, SINR success rate; (Uplink Interference Rejection: A site with  Retainability. Establish a session, and 1:0:1 distribution, and another with 0:0:2 move between the cells several times for distribution. Evaluate & MRC IRC investigating interfaces X2 and S1. Measuring KPI maintenance session Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  19. 19. Phase 2: Border and Spectral Efficiency Test ResultsSINR vs RSRP Coverage Plot 30 4 to 5 bps/Hz Vendor A 3.25 to 4 bps/Hz 20 2.5 to 3.25 bps/Hz Vendor B 1.75 to 2.5 bps/Hz 10 Vendor C 1 to 1.75 bps/Hz 0.5 to 1 bps/Hz Vendor D 0 0.25 to 0.5 bps/Hz Vendor E 0 to 0.25 bps/Hz-130,0 dBm -110,0 dBm -90,0 dBm -70,0 dBm -10Spectral Efficiency vs SINR 8,0 bps/Hz Shannon 6,0 bps/Hz 3GPP 4,0 bps/Hz Vendor A Vendor B 2,0 bps/Hz Vendor D Vendor E 0,0 bps/Hz -10,0 dB -5,0 dB 0,0 dB 5,0 dB 10,0 dB 15,0 dB 20,0 dB 25,0 dBSpectral Efficiency vs Distance 15,0 bps/Hz Shannon 12,0 bps/Hz 3GPP 9,0 bps/Hz Vendor A 6,0 bps/Hz Vendor B Vendor C 3,0 bps/Hz Vendor D 0,0 bps/Hz 0,25 km 0,50 km 0,75 km 1,00 km Vendor ENote: It was used Okumura-Hata for Shannon and 3GPP estimation Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  20. 20. Final Words The main application (or killer app) is customer experience. And it is improved by using a service with superior quality. Boot-time is one of the most important attribute for Tablets compared to Notebooks. Today, the users are looking for anytime and anywhereservices with readiness and instantaneously. Even in simple web page navigation, quick access is imperative.Wi-Fi popularity pushes a customer expectation for more throughput in macro outdoor coverage. Social networks require greater capacity for data transfer in the uplink in order to post pictures, videos, update contacts etc.According to GSA, there are today over 3,362 HSPA+ devices launchedby 272 suppliers. However, there are only 245 HSPA+ devices that can support 42 Mbps, and a few that can support 84 Mbps. Diretoria de Tecnologia e Plataformas
  21. 21. ¡Gracias! Thanks!Obrigado!Alberto Boaventura alberto@oi.net.br

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