Organization Development A planned , systematic process of planned change
Change management• Change management is an approach to shifting/transitioning individuals, teams, and organizati ons from a current state to a desired future state. For example:• Mission changes,• Strategic changes,• Operational changes (including Structural changes),• Technological changes,• Changing the attitudes and behaviors of personnel
Definition…………“a systematic application and transferof behavioral science knowledge tothe planneddevelopment, improvement, anreinforcement of the strategies, structures, and processes that leadto the organization effectiveness.”
behavioral science• a branch of science (as psychology, sociology, or anthropology) that deals primarily with human action and often seeks to generalize about human behaviour in society
Characteristics of OD• A planned change: compare to other approaches OD is systematic, planned process of organizational change• Comprehensive change : generally involve total system.(strategy , structure , process)• Long-range change: OD takes months or years to implement . Not intended to be stopgap measure.
Characteristics of OD• Participation of change agent: services of an outside expert are generally retained to implement OD process. “do it yourself” programs are discouraged.• Emphasis on intervention : it results in an active intervention of change agent in the ongoing activities of the organization (Intervention: Consulting, interference)
Characteristics of OD• Collaborative management : in contrast to the traditional management structure , OD stresses on collaboration among various levels. It is viewed in a system perspective• Action research
The process of Organization DevelopmentReference book : Organization Development & Change by Cummings & Worley