DISHAA En route to a better world… Qu art erl y n ew sl ett er b y A SW A S Department of Social Work, Amritapuri campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham July -Sept, 2011 Volu me 1, Issue 1 Chancellor’s Contents Message Chancellor’s message Message from Principal,There was a girl who belonged to a wealthy family. She befriended Department of Social Worka girl of her own age who came from a poor family and who also Your kind attention plz!happened to be blind and lame. The rich girl loved the little girl and Social Work Research @was her best friend. She played with her everyday but the rich girl’s Amritafather wasn’t pleased at all when he discovered that his daughter Project with Harrisonwas playing with a girl from poor family. He wanted her to forgetthat girl and make friends with other children of same background Malayalam Limitedas herself. So he invited the daughter of one of his wealthy friends Introduction toto come and play with his daughter. Even though the two girls Policies/Actsbecame good friends, the girl was still much fond of her little blind Picasso. MSWfriend and much preferred her company. When her father found Activities of Department ofabout this, he asked her, “Why do you want to be friends with a girlwho is poor, when you already have my wealthy friend’s daughter Social Workas your friend?” She replied “Oh father, I do like the other girl very My experience as a buddingmuch. But she has plenty of friends to play with. My friend here is Social Workerall alone. If I don’t love her and show her a little kindness, she will Fieldwork newshave no one else who cares about her I want to help her. ASWAS Movie Club“Children, we should always remember that all people are the Agency newssame, the top people in society as well as the people in the bottom. Interview with aBut the very existence of those who are extremely poor depends thelove and compassion of others. A wealthy person usually has a lot Professional Social Workerof support from others, but a very poor person is looked down upon Book reviewby almost everyone, except a few goodhearted people.” Upcoming“Society is made up of individuals. The thoughts and actions of conference/workshopseach individual influence the culture of that society. Instead of Department of Social Workwaiting for others to improve, we should try to improve ourselves. : A glanceOnce our attitude has changed, we will be able to perceive Editorialgoodness throughout world. If there is a positive change in us, itwill also be reflected in others. It is only what we give that we canhope to get back."-- Mata Amritanandamayi Devi
DISHA-Vol -1 22 2 Principal’s Message2 Social work students themselves. Though the first edition is in the printed format, the next issues would be mostly in Department of Social Work was incubated in the social so that students is much more.Though humble digital work the reach themselves. Let this the first 2007 at both Amritapuri and Ettimadai campuses beginning take the "DISHAA" at greater heights inwould be edition is in the printed format, the next issues the of Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham. Being the future! mostly in the digital format so that the reach is much more. sibling of the charitable parent organization - Let this humble beginning take the "DISHAA" at greater Br. Anand Shenoy, Mata Amritanandmayi Math, students do heights in the future! participate in all the service activities initiated by Principal, the university as well as the parent organization Department of Social Mata Amritanandamayi Math. In every field, expansion is inevitable. It is the sign of progress, Work development and achievement as well. As a humble beginning, the department is releasing the first edition of "DISHAA", a news letter. It carries not only the department activities, but also several useful information for the students. As the name implies, the objective of “DISHAA” itself is to facilitate the students through the right path. "DISHAA" is fully edited and compiled by the Your kind attention plz! : Corruption influence the allocation of monetary Corruption is a spiritual or moral data provided by the Swiss Banking benefits such as credit subsidies, impurity or deviation from an ideal. In Association Report (2006), India has favored prices and exchange rates, economy, corruption is payment for more black money than the rest of the obtaining licenses and permits etc services or material which the world combined. Indian-owned Swiss (iv) Time savings and regulatory recipient is not due, under law. This bank account assets are worth 13 times avoidance: bribes can speed up the may be called bribery, kickback, or, in Br.An granting of permission, and Shenoy, licenses and the Middle East, baksheesh. It is one permits to carry out activities that are of the many problems that plague our Principal, Dept. Social Work “India tops the list for black money in the perfectly legal. society which needs immediate entire world with almost US$1456 billion in (v) Influencing outcomes of legal and attention. Though corruption has Swiss banks (approximately USD 1.4 regulatory processes: bribes can be existed since time immemorial, it is used to provide incentives to only in the recent past that it has trillion) in the form of black money” regulatory authorities to refrain from become a part and parcel of our life. A taking action. taking action. Fight against corruption, though Fight against corruption, though the country’s national debt. prominent from ancient times, gained Corruption can arise under a variety of stardom recently due to the works 2005 study conducted by Transparency circumstances which are often done by Anna Hazare. Today, Anna International in India found that more concerned with than 55% of Indians had first-hand Hazare is the face of Indias fight experience of paying bribes or (i) Government contracts: bribes can against corruption. He has taken that influence peddling to get jobs done in influence who gets the contract, the fight to the corridors of power and public offices successfully. In 2010 terms of the contract, as well as terms challenged the government at the India was ranked 87th out of 178 of subcontracts when the project is highest level. Drawing inspiration implemented. from Swami Vivekananda, Anna countries in Transparency (ii) Government benefits: bribes can Hazare’s first fight was against Internationals Corruption Perceptions corruption that was blocking growth in Index which throws light on the “Hazare initiated a Satyagraha rural India, after his voluntary pathetic condition of our economy. movement for passing a stronger anti- retirement from the army. His India tops the list for black money in organization- the Bhrashtachar Virodhi the entire world with almost corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in Jan Andolan (Peoples movement US$1456 billion in Swiss banks the Indian Parliament as conceived in against Corruption). His tool of protest (approximately USD 1.4 trillion) in the the Jan Lokpal Bill (Peoples - hunger strikes. And his prime target - form of black money. According to the politicians. Ombudsman Bill) in 2011..”
DISHAA-Vol -1 3 Hazare initiated a Satyagraha movement for passing a stronger anti-corruption Lokpal (ombudsman) bill in the IndianParliament as conceived in the Jan Lokpal Bill (Peoples Ombudsman Bill) in 2011.The Jan Lokpal Bill was draftedearlier by N. Santosh Hegde, former justice of the Supreme Court of India and Lokayukta of Karnataka, PrashantBhushan, a senior lawyer in the Supreme Court and Arvind Kejriwal, a social activist along with members of the IndiaAgainst Corruption movement. This draft bill incorporated more stringent provisions and wider power to the Lokpal(Ombudsman) than the draft Lokpal bill prepared by the government in 2010. These include placing "the PrimeMinister within the ambit of the proposed lokpal’s powers".Hazare began his Indefinite Fast on 5 April 2011 at JantarMantar in Delhi to press for the demand to form a joint committee of the representatives of the Government and thecivil society to draft a stronger anti-corruption bill with stronger penal actions and more independence to the Lokpaland Lokayuktas (Ombudsmen in the states), after his demand was rejected by the Prime Minister of India ManmohanSingh. The movement attracted attention in the media, and thousands of supporters. Almost 150 people reportedlyjoined Hazare in his fast. Social activists, including Medha Patkar, Arvind Kejriwal, former IPS officer Kiran Bedi,and Jayaprakash Narayan lent their support to Hazares hunger strike and anti-corruption campaign. People have shownsupport in internet social media such as Twitter and Facebook. In addition to spiritual leaders Sri Sri Ravi Shankar,Swami Ramdev, Swami Agnivesh and former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev, many celebrities showed their public supportthrough Twitter.On 8 April 2011 the Government of India accepted all demands of the movement. On 9 April 2011 it issued anotification in the Gazette of India on formation of a joint committee. But during the meeting of the joint draftingcommittee on 30 May 2011, the Union government members opposed the inclusion of the prime minister, higherjudiciary and the acts of the MPs under the purview of the Lokpal in the draft bill. On 28 July 2011 the union cabineton approved a draft of the Lokpal Bill, which keeps the Prime Minister, judiciary and lower bureaucracy out of theambit of the proposed corruption ombudsman Lokpal. Hazare rejected the government version by describing it as“cruel joke’’ and wrote a letter to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, and told him his decision to go on an indefinitefast from 16 August 2011 at Jantar Mantar if the government introduced its own version of the bill in Parliamentwithout taking suggestions from civil society members. On 16 August 2011, Hazare was arrested four hours before theplanned indefinite hunger strike. On 20 August 2011 Hazare "left the Tihar Jail for the Ramlila Grounds. On 20 August2011 thousands came to the Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi to show their support for Hazare, while "his advisors madetelevision appearances to rally public support and defend themselves against criticism that their protest campaign andrefusal to compromise is undermining Indias parliamentary process. But not everyone is happy with Hazare’s work and methodologies. Magsaysay Award winner Aruna Roy, notedauthor and social activist Arundhati Roy, writer and historian Ramchandra Guha, Dalit columnists like Prasad, activistUdit Raj etc condemned Hazare’s actions as being anti-dalit,anti-democratic and anti-secular. Just mere talks about effects of corruption on the development of our nation and ways to bring itunder control won’t do. Nothing great was ever achieved just through words. The secret of getting ahead is gettingstarted. Hence, actions-by the government and the people-are essential for regulating the current scenario and makingcorruption a social problem of the yesteryears. By Lakshmi Vimala (S1 MSW)
DISHAA-Vol -1 4Social Work Research @ Amrita “Perceived social support among persons addicted to alcohol”. Dissertation submitted to Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, City, ST ZIP Code Amritapuri campus for partial fulfillment of The data collected from the patient population was Phone: 555.555.0125 the requirement for the award of master of Fax: 555.555.0145 with that of a control population with 30 compared Social Work (2009-2011). E-mail: E-mail address respondents of matched socio demographic Candidate: Mr. Sooraj PS. conditions. The control population was selected Guide: Dr. Renjith R. Pillai from same ward where the hospital is located Abstract .Data collection for the control population was done through home visits. Informed consent was The study was intended to assess the perceived obtained from each of the respondent, followed by social support among persons addicted to administration of socioeconomic data sheet and alcohol and to compare the same with that of the “Social Support Appraisal” questionnaire of the general population. A descriptive research Alan Vaux. Following the data collection, data design was followed for the study. The test analysis was done. Results obtained show that the population consisted of 30 respondents who persons addicted to alcohol experience low are currently undergoing de addiction perceived social support compared to the general treatment at VRC hospital, Tirur, Kerala. population. Project Study at Harrison’s Malayalam The aim of the project was to document and to assess the rate of absenteeism and its various Ltd. causes in the personal, familial and work related environments of the workers. The project was also discussing the issues related to organizational This project on “Absenteeism” was conducted health, rehabilitation and other initiatives designed at Vandiperiyar Group of Estates, Idukki to improve the health of the workers and their district, managed by Harrison Malayalam attendance at work. Limited. In the first phase of the project, based on a An industry sponsored project study on background data, the existing rate of absenteeism “Causes of Absenteeism” in the Vandiperiyar was analyzed for identifying the patterns in group of Estates managed by Harrison different organizations, sectors and demographic Malayalam Limited was completed under the groups. The results showed major differences in guidance of Mr. V S KochuKrishna Kurup, the regulations and in the way these were applied, Lecturer. The project started in the month of between as well as within the plantation sector. In May, 2011 and the final report was presented the second phase, based on a structural schedule, at a function organized at the head quarters of data were collected from different classes of the organization in the month of August workers on the circumstances and occasions they 2011.Three students from the second year themselves refrain from workplace. Although the MSW class, 1.Gladson ME 2.Anees Asraf methodological deficits and difficulties were 3.Nishanth M, were selected by the HR evident, the report highlights the causes and costs department of HML through a campus of absenteeism for different class of workers in the interview for carrying out the project. A HML group of estates. The reports focus on the coveted compensation of rupees Thirty strategies to address the causes of absenteeism. thousand (Rs.30000/-) was equally distributed They also include a composite review of among the three students by the organization absenteeism and measures to reduce its rates in the on successful completion of the project.) plantation sector.
5 Introduction to Policies/Acts: DISHAA-Vol -1 5 5 Need for a Legislation on Child Protection Situation of Children needing Legal protection India is home to the largest number of children in the world, significantly larger than the number in China. The country has 20 per cent of the 0-4 years’ child Prof. Pravin Patkar, population of the world. The number of live Adjunct Professor, births in the country is estimated to be 27 Department of Social Work million, (UNICEF The Situation of Children in India, May 2011, P. 2) India accounts for Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham more than 20 per cent of the child deaths in the world. About 1.83 million children In happening. Before that the media had already exposed India die annually from preventable deaths the deployment of local tribal children in hostilities by before they reach 5th year of their age. the Naxals. There are rising number of reports of (UNICEF, 2011, P. 4). About 20 per cent of organized criminal gangs engaging children in urban children under-age five in India are wasted, crimes. 43 per cent underweight and 48 per cent stunted. In terms of numbers about 54 Existing constitutional and Legislative Provisions million children under five years in India are The Constitution of India has some generic and underweight which constitutes about 37 specific provisions to protect children namely; percent of the total underweight children in • Article 14—The State shall not deny to any person the world. In India, 25 million children equality before the law or the equal protection of laws under five years are wasted and 61 million with in the territory of India. are stunted, which constitutes 31 per cent and 28 per cent of wasted and stunted • Article 15—The State shall not discriminate against children respectively in the world. any citizen……Nothing in this Article shall prevent (UNICEF, 2011, P 6). The gravity of the the State from making any special provisions for problem of child survival in India cannot be women and children. overemphasized. • Article 21—No person shall be deprived of his life More than one in 18 children die within the or personal liberty except according to procedure first year of life, and more than one in 14 die established by law. before reaching the age of five. Suicides by • Article 21 A—The State shall provide free and children in urban areas is a matter of compulsory education to all children of the age of 6- concern. About 35% of the total suicidal 14 years in such manner as the State may, by law, deaths belong to the 15-24 age group. The determine. states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, W. Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and • Article 23—Traffic in human beings and other Maharashtra are reporting higher proportion forms of forced labour are prohibited and any of deaths due to suicide in this age group. contravention of this provision shall be an offence (Third and Fourth Combined Periodic punishable in accordance with the law. Report on the Convention on the rights of • Article 24—No child below the age of 14 years shall the Child 2011, WCD, GOI, 2011, P. 61) be employed to work in any factory or mine or In the year 2010 while covering the visit of engaged in any other hazardous employment. • the Prime Minister of India to the Naxal Article 45— The State shall endeavour to provide affected state of Chhattisgarh the media early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years. exposed the malpractice of the state police. The police had posted some local tribal • Article 243G read with Schedule 11 – provide for children on the village boundary to keep institutionalization of child care by seeking to entrust vigilance on the movement of the Naxals programmes of Women and Child Development to and alarm the police about any suspicious Panchayat (Item 25 of Schedule 11), apart from education(item 17), family welfare(item 25), health and sanitation(item 23) and other items with a bearing on the welfare of children.
DISHAA-Vol -1 6and sanitation(item 23) and other items evidence they are denied a number of Part III of the National Plan of Actionwith a bearing on the welfare of other documents that go into establishing 2005 promises to address the followingchildren. one’s identity and proofs. They thus get areas of child protection;A child’s right to life was upheld by deprived of the benefits under the various Children in Difficultrecognizing the right to education as a positive discrimination policies and Circumstancesfundamental right through the 86th progrmmes when actually they are theConstitutional amendment which most deserving candidates for such Children in Conflict withfinally resulted into the passage of the policies and programmes. The Law‘Children’s Right to Free and opportunistic political candidates Sexual Exploitation &Compulsory Education 2009’ although contesting elections for public position Pornographythe right is restricted to the age group make every effort to bring them on theof 6 to 14 years. There are separate voter’s lists but that in itself is of little use Child Traffickinglegislations prohibiting and regulating to get them any further identity or political Combating Child Labour,involuntary labouring of children in representation. Hence these children Children Affected byexploitative informal labour market, remain deprived of the basic right to HIV/AIDS,and pledging of children, prohibiting nationality and statehood. There arechild marriages, prohibition of several other instances of child The Eleventh Five Year Plan of Indiabeggary, trafficking of children for maltreatment which happen everyday in is extra ordinarily ambitious incommercial sexual exploitation. the public domain which have never found addressing the issues of childSeveral provisions in the Indian Penal any space in any discussions on the public protection without realizing that thecode offer a variety of immunity to platforms. In the name of celebrations of Plan is a document of governmentalchildren of certain age groups and important national days or such other intentions, targets, and programmes butattempt to protect them against certain events school children of all age groups meeting the needs of child protectionoffences such as rape, kidnapping, are routinely made to stand in the hot sun first and foremost requires animporting, assault, wrongful detention, for long hours for the arrival of the chief instrument of law.procuration, etc. However many of guests. Often this results into children Some of the most striking targets of thethem are deficit in their coverage and fainting on the spot one after another. In Plan are;more importantly in the absence of the face of their exams school children doeffective enforcement of the protective not get to study in peace as many religious 100% registration of births,potencies,which remain only on paper. and political events that come around the deaths and marriages by 2010Although Article 24 of the same time are unfailingly celebrated with Rescue and remove childrenConstitution promises that - No child loud music blaring from dawn to dusk and below 14 years of age frombelow the age of 14 years shall be often in late night hours. Children find the work force by 2010employed to work in any factory or themselves helplessly at the receiving end of the forever enthusiastic leaders who Ensure mainstream educationmine or engaged in any other for all child labourers by 2012hazardous employment the specific wish to reform the society only by addinglegislation on the subject The Child a few chapters in the school curriculum. A Eliminate child marriages byLabour ( Prohibition and Regulation) drop in the school curriculum is rarely free 2010 of its political significance and oftenAct 1986 dilutes the promise. As per Progressive elimination ofthis law, children below 14 years are invites the wrath of some or the other child beggingallowed to work in wage sectors if not political group. The ever rising burden ofon hazardous processes and the school bag and curriculum on the back Rescue all child domesticoccupations while the children above of the child is nobody’s concern. The basic servants in urban areas and14 years of age are allowed to work in and most important educational principle child workers in dhabhas, teathe most hazardous occupations and that ‘a student rarely fails, it is the teachers stalls and restaurants. who fails in the exams and it is the teacheroccupations. Several children for a Complete abolition of femalevariety of reasons get separated from who needs to be punished if a student foeticide, female infanticide,their parents or legal guardians and fails’ rarely gets any hearing from the and ensure prosecution oflead their life without the protective lords of the educational empires including offenders.mechanism such as a family or those projecting themselves to be the mostneighbourhood. The economic progressive. Children as students need to Reduce the proportion ofcompulsions and indifference of the be protected against the educational infants infected with HIV bystate and the civil society forces them institutions and their teachers who belittle 20% by 2007 and by 50% byto work in the informal exploitative and suppress them everyday. 2010wage sector in slavery like condition. All children affected andUnable to establish their social infected by HIV/AIDS haveparameters by way of documentary access to basic services healthevidence they are denied a number of education, nutrition andother documents that go into treatment for HIV/AIDS andestablishing one’s identity and proofs. psychosocial support toThey thus get deprived of the benefits
7 education, nutrition and treatment for legislation would take longer a specific child for begging, 25- penalty HIV/AIDS and psychosocial support legislation to address sexual offences may for giving intoxicating liquor to mitigate social impact, in high be passed without any delay. or narcotic drug or prevalence states. psychotropic substance to In the year 1996 a handful of civil society juvenile or child, 26- Implementation of all laws relating to organizations in India initiated an exploitation of juvenile or child protection, with mid-term intensive advocacy programme and child employee) address review/evaluation and reports. created broader social awareness about the some offences against Prevent trafficking of children for all alarmingly rising menace of child children. As these offences purposes and rescue and rehabilitate trafficking for a variety of exploitative were already covered by the trafficked children. destinations. The upper age group of other pre existing legislation children was most victimized by the the Contingency disaster preparedness provisions were organized sex trade. The decade that redundant and the 2006 plans and emergency relief for followed witnessed significant awareness amendment had sought to children drawn up by State and as well as pioneering social interventions switch them from the JJA to District Child Protection Units mid- against the various aspects of the problem. the upcoming Offences term of the Eleventh Plan. The central and the various state Against Children Act. As the Child tracking systems in place by the governments acknowledged the need for proposed OAC Bill was mid-term of the Eleventh Plan for amending The Immoral Traffic Prevention prematurely dropped the said missing children, child labour, Act 1956. The first amendment bill was provisions 22 to 26 were children in institutions and alternate circulated for public debate in the year retained intact in the JJA care systems and crimes against 2005. Since then the Bill has seen several 2000. children to inform planning of versions. The last version of the services and prevention at district and amendment Bill placed before the Over time, our understanding state levels. Parliament was in The ITPA Amendment of rights has evolved and Media and civil society adopt ethical Bill 2009. Subsequently, the Bill and with gone beyond the rights reporting and investigation on child it an important upcoming instrument to against someone (the other protection issues and practice self protect children against trafficking got individual or the state) or shelved too. something (a situation or regulation in this regard. source of danger such The adoption scandal especially the inter- trafficking, physical and country adoption widely ill reputed as the sexual offences). It nowAction urgently needed: baby selling racket was exposed in the covers the rights whichOn the backdrop of the expose (Dec 2006) of year 1999 which was addressed by the cannot be fulfilled without athe infamous Nithari scandal where several Supreme court by providing extensive positive action on the part ofchildren were serially and brutally killed and guidelines (popularly known as the CARA the state. These refer to thetheir bodies were destroyed, in less than a Guidelines) to regulate adoption. Soon the right against starvation andweek’s time the Principal Secretary elaborate regulatory mechanism started wants, and the right toDepartment of Women and Child Development getting bypassed by the rising menace of multidimensionalGovt. of India publicly announced that a indiscrete surrogacy widely ill reputed as development. A law for childcomprehensive legislation to protect children baby farming. The states of Gujarat and protection should logicallyagainst variety of offences would be urgently Andhra Pradesh shot to negative publicity aim at covering not merelypresented before the Parliament. It is 2011 now due to the rampant cases of surrogacy offences against children butand the nation and its children are still waiting arrangements. The Govt of India also such other rights offor that legislation. In the year 2005 a draft of constituted a committee which drafted the children which can bethe Bill to bring in the Offences Against Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill fulfilled through a positiveChildren Act (The OAC Act) was circulated 2010 (ART Bill 2010) which is more of a action of the state.for public discussion. It was then taken off the clinical guideline than a social legislation.Govt of India’s website for some time. Again The Bill is completely indifferent to the The Sexual Offences Againstin the year 2009 it was re-circulated and need to protect the children born out of Children Bill 2010 which issubsequently on the suggestion of the Congress surrogacy. The Juvenile Justice Act 2000 currently under activeparty president Mrs. Sonia Gandhi made in (JJA) revised in 2006 is essentially a consideration of the GOI hasSeptember 2010 the scope of the Bill was cut procedural law to deal with two main gone through severaldown to address only sexual offences against categories of children namely the children revisions especially as itchildren. It was then recast as The Sexual in need of care and protection and the encouraged civil societyOffences Against Children Bill (SOAC Act) children who violate any law of the land. participation. Nonetheless it2010. The move was justified on the grounds Sections 23 to 26 of the JJA (23- continues to remain deficit asthat, since comprehensive child protection punishment for cruelty to juvenile or it does not address many child, 24 - employment of juvenile or other important areas that child for begging, 25- penalty for giving require child protection like intoxicating liquor or narcotic drug or commercial sexual psychotropic substance to juvenile or exploitation, sex tourism, and child, 26- exploitation of juvenile or child internet based pornography.
DISHAA-Vol -1 8 require child protection like commercial8 sexual exploitation, sex tourism, and internet based pornography. It makes no attempt to integrate prevention and relies mostly on its archaic approach of being punitive. In July 2009 the Delhi high court upholding Articles 14, 15, and 21 of the Constitution of India delimited the scope of Section 377 IPC by clarifying that two consenting adult males engaging into sex shall not be punishable under Sec 377 of IPC. This action of the high court of not scraping the Section completely prevented a disaster from taking place. The version of the Offences Against Children Bill. The Andhra Pradesh Child advocates of homosexuality had in fact Protection Bill prepared by the author for the state of Andhra Pradesh at the been demanding the complete scrapping instance of Govt. of Andhra Pradesh and UNICEF could serve as an ideal draft of Section 377. Such a rash action would for a national level comprehensive legislation for child protection. Besides have taken away the only legal precisely defining many offences, and adding several new useful terms the draft protection available to male children APCAP Bill also addresses some of the frontier issues in child protection such against sexual assault (rape by another as surrogacy, child neglect, child and maltreatment. The draft for the first time male). This exposes yet another lacuna incorporates many new elements e.g. considering the impact of the crime on the in child protection offered under the victim (Impact Assessment Report), mandatory DNA profiling of the offender, Indian legal system protection of a male co management of state run children’s institutions, foreign visitor’s obligations, child against sexual offences. The etc. It also introduces several innovations in the otherwise archaic penal system provision against rape gets covered that was limited to mere fine and imprisonment. These include confiscation of under Sec 375/376 of IPC which only the wealth earned from the crime, community service, suspended punishment, cover rape of a woman by a man and disqualification from contesting for public posts and for certain child sensitive thus leaves out of its scope the rape of a jobs, counseling, a time bound entry into the sex offenders register. male child by a man or a woman. On another count it must be remembered that the current legal protection against rape is limited only to the non Piccaso.MSW consensual partial or full penile penetration by a man of a woman’s World Alzheimers Day Sept: 21 (Anees Ashraf , S3MSW) vagina. This leaves out several other offences based on penetrative and non penetrative sexual acts. Although the instances of a variety of sexual offences against children are reported in the mass media almost every day in every corner of the country the effort at providing even the minimally required legal protection is moving at a snail’s pace if at all. As stated elsewhere in this essay some preliminary ideas of child protection are pending before the GOI. Although the latest version of the Sexual Offences Bill Piccaso.M 2011 leaves much to be desired it still World has overcome many of its shortcomings that had been identified earlier and it is Alzheimers Sept: 21 recommended that the GOI must expeditiously pass the same. As the next (Anees As, S3MSW) step the GOI should take up on the anvil a comprehensive
DISHAA-Vol -1 9 Activities of Department of Social WorkWorkWork (June-September, 2011)ICSTSD ’11 (June 3-5, 2011) International Conference on Society, Technology and SustainableFirst International Conference on Development, held on June 3-5, 2011, at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala, India.Society, Technology and SustainableDevelopment organized on June 3-5,2011 in partnership with University ofBuffalo. The international conferenceprovided a platform to explore thefundamental attitudes and actions thathave led to the current destructive andunbalanced state of growth. It alsocreated a medium whereby Leadership Training Program at the Public Library Hall in Kollam.professionals from all sectors of (June 8, 2011)society shares their experiences and Twenty five students from Kollam, Trivandrum and Pathanamthittaimparted wisdom regarding how to participated. The program facilitated by faculty of the Amritalive a sustainable life in these modern Department of Social Work was targeted towards moulding India‟s uptimes. and coming leaders at the high school and plus two levels. The session was handled by Dr.Renjith R. Pillai from Amritapuri campus. Welcome to new comers: MSW induction programme (Wednesday, August 17 · 8:30am - 11:30am) A one day workshop for the fresh MSW students was conducted. The basic aim is to orient the students about the Profession of Social Work and to internalize the qualities, skills, abilities and approaches that finds application in the field of Professional Social Work The Department of Social Work presented several papers: Caption describing “Impact of disaster on children” by picture or graphic. Nimmy Rajan . “Measuring Disaster Resilience: A Study on Urban Flood Management in Kerala, India” by Gahana P. Essentials in professional social work: ( Thursday, August 18 ) “Responding Effectively to Natural Master of Social Work (MSW) program at Amrita includes both Disasters: The Barriers Faced by theoretical and field level trainings. The curricula of social work here, Local Self Governments” by foresee the students to be socially sensitive, responsible, empathetic and Rajeev MM self-worthy. It is important to inculcate these elementary qualities among the fresh aspirants right from the beginning of the course. “Sustainable Natural Resource Keeping in mind this fact, an all-embracing induction program with the Management: A Scoping Paper on title “Essentials in Professional Social Work” was organized in Dynamics of Institutions and conjunction with the welcoming ceremony of the batch MSW 2011-13. Structures in Water Governance” by The program was held at the CIR room (116) in the university building Gayathry S on 18th August 2011.Dr.Renjith R Pillai, Assistant Professor & “Compulsory necessity of Academic in-charge facilitated the program with extensive backing Spirituality to achieve Sustainability” from Mr.Rajeev MM, Senior Faculty and Field Work in-charge, and by Yamuna Sandrine Bonin at the other faculties including Mr. V S K Kurup, Mr.Anand and Ms.Surya. .
DISHAA-Vol -1 10The one-day workshop was comprised of 9 sessions eachof them expected to cater outcomes that are explicit and th Jagaran’ cycle rally (September 26 2011)precise. The sessions included role-plays, games, A cycle rally from Kollam to Amritapuri, lead by facultydiscussions, work chart preparations, free listing and ice- from the departments of Physical Education and Social Workbreakers. The program was based on a participatory was conducted on 26th of September. Nearly 250 studentsmethodology with the facilitator frequently engaged in gathered to raise awareness on the need for reducingconversation with the participants. The ice breaker session pollutionat the beginning provided a dynamic ambience for the restof the sessions. Periodic slots were given for intervals andrevitalizing workouts. Feed backs from the participantswere gathered at the end of the day.Special lectures on Research Methodology from Dr. R.K. Hebsur, Former Deputy Director of TISS, Mumbai (2-6th September)Field Observation visit (21st August, 2011)As part of the social work sensitization programme,Department of Social Work, Amritapuri campus organised Street Play (September 26th 2011)one day field observation visit for the 1st and 3rd semester A street play was performed at Sree Narayana centralstudents of Masters programme in Social Work at two School, Karunagaplly for creating awareness on the need fororganisations, namely: The Kerala State Cashew cleanliness and proper waste disposal.Development Corporation Limited and Gandhi BhawanInternational Trust. Ongoing fieldwork activities: 1) Sustainable waste management project with AlappadSpecial lectures on Research Methodology from Dr. R. communityK. Hebsur, Former Deputy Director of TISS, Mumbai (2-6th September )World Alzheimers day - (21st September 2011)Dept. organized awareness program at SIMS,kollam and atAmritapuri campus. The movie titled, "A MOMENT TOREMEMBER" - (Korean) based on Alzheimers diseasewas screened by the Department of Social Work,Amritapuri Campus(September 22, 2011). 2) Seed bank project with Sooranad community: Sensitization programme on “Sustainable WasteManagement and Organic Farming” facilitated by Mr Ravi, (Award winner farmer) at Soorandu.MSW trainees organized a half day training programme for the farmers at Sooranadu Gram Panchayat on Seed Conservation and Management, facilitated by Onnatukara Regional Agricultural Research Station, Kayankulam 3) Fieldwork activities at Anganwadies (ICDS ) and Primary Health Centres.
DISHAA-Vol -1 11 Inauguration of the MSW Batch (2011-13) The inaugural ceremony of the fresh MSW students was held on August 17. Invoking the blessings of AMMA, Br. Sudeep, Campus Director, Amrita University, Amritapuri Campus lighted the lamp. Addressing the students, Br. Sudeep highlighted the role of social workers in the current world, where evils like poverty, corruption, crime and emotional issues due to lack of love and affection are on increasing. The value-based quality education emphasized at AMRITA strives to bring changes in this scenario. He wished all the very best to the young budding social workers. Subsequently, a presentation comprising the details about the universe, the course, curriculum, and the opportunities was made by Dr. Renjith R. Pillai, Academic Head, Department of Social Work. My Experience as aabudding Social Worker My Experience as budding Social Worker Ms. Surya Krishna (Batch-2009-2011)In the 3rd semester our specialization paper started. I chose The aim of the project was to start kitchen garden in each„community development‟ as my specialization so field work household to make the people more self reliant in vegetablewas also selected according to the specialization. Sooranadu is a production. It was a great exposure to work with the farmingrural village where 70% of population is farmers. Farmers are community. The field work really helped me to make goodfacing many problems and challenges and also they have some rapport with the community and can understand the dynamicsneeds for sustainable agriculture. In the initial stage we selected of the community. The community was very cooperative; and30 families and informed them about our project that is helped us to organize different programmes for them. Over all„Adukkalathottam‟. the field practicum really helped me to improve my professional skills and knowledge level. Fieldwork NewsSustainable Waste Management at AlappadOn 27 September Waste Management atto clean Sustainable 2010, Amma expressed her wish Alappad th Biodegradable waste is easy to manage by composting.India‟s public places and in corporation with Publicto raise social (in Azheekal. Kuzhithura region) 4.Fieldwork activities national highways in order Health Centres Actually the compost created is a very good soil to beginawareness of humanity‟s debt to our beautiful earth. Amala a kitchen garden. Mr Ravi came to the community toBharatam Campaign (ABC) has taken form mostly through large train them on kitchen gardeningclean-up drive and has faced issues concerning the proper disposalof waste. Non biodegradable waste is more complex to properly manage as it is a source of pollution and toxins forWilling to investigate the possibilities to create a relevant model human health. It requires facilities and the implication offor waste disposal at the community level, the Department of other actors such as scrap dealers and panchayat.Social Work has started a sustainable waste management projectwith the 7th ward of Allapad Panchayat. The aim is to educate the Inspired by the Plastic Project in Amritapuri, thecommunity about the ecological and public health implications of alternative livelihood program trains handicraft that useswaste and to help them implement judicious waste management waste to village women. Waste is thus upcycled andpractices. The vision is to create a model of waste free zone that transformed into wealth. Miss Yamuna, Researchcould be replicated in other wards and panchayats. Associate, Department of Social Work is training them to make mobile pouches and bags.The intervention was then split into three areas: non biodegradablewaste management, biodegradable waste management andalternative livelihood program.
12 ASWAS Movie Club (AMC) ASWAS pays tribute to one of the AMC is a venture of ASWAS towards Cultural (bringing interesting and most enduring and universal industries promoting socially and culturally relevant unique films to the club), with a presence in every corner of the movies, documentaries and videos for Educational (each film event begins world and the most diverse product general awareness and perception building with a brief presentation of what is line imaginable that caters to every on society and social problems among the notable about the film), Social conceivable taste and preference. Yes, academic community. The Movie Club (bringing members together to share ASWAS takes recreation seriously will encourage students to develop an experiences). It envisages existing as enough to have a club dedicated to aptitude towards alternate media and a video repository accessible to all ensure a steady supply of development communication. AMC stands those who love movies / videos with entertainment in the campus. for invoking the following elements potential cathartic effect. among students:Agency News Jan Shikshan SansthanLiteracy leads to higher standards in all Functional literacy skills - directlyspheres of human activity. However Around 16.74 lakh beneficiaries have been covered under various vocational connected to their field of work orliteracy is not a felt need for those living avocation - that greatly enhance theirin slums, in mud houses, on the training programs and awareness activities;nearly 65% of these language, vocabulary or technical termspavement, in the forests, and under the with little arithmetic can entice them tosky. JSS reinstitutes of peoples beneficiaries being women. the world of alphabets. This in turn caneducation focusing on the poor, the More than three-fourths come from boost their morale and self-confidence.illiterates, the neo-literates the households with less than Rs. 2000underprivileged and the unreached. Set income per month. More than 85% of the Activities (2008 – 2009)up forty two years ago in 1967 as beneficiaries attending the JSS vocational Though JSS-Idukki is primarily aShramik Vidyapeeth, it has now been courses are from the 15-35 age group and vocation training agency, it hasbroadened in scope, enhanced in are mainly unemployed.The JSSs conduct identified literacy as the paramountcoverage and elevated in vision, to vocational courses and awareness need of the hour. Mere vocationalbecome Jan Shikshan Sansthan to programmes for the benefit of the training, mostly can be of transientprovide literacy, vocational education trainees. JSS Idukki, the sixth program of benefit as the beneficiary may not beand life enrichment education to people, its kind in Kerala, is serving the district able to cope up with the changing timesespecially the poor, the deprived, the Idukki since its launch in 2003. JSS and needs and technologies of the times,down trodden the marginalized and the Idukki not only focuses on providing and to retool his skills. It alsounreached. The Jan Shikshan Sansthans vocational and skills training, but also recognizes as a fact that a literate parentare unique in that they do not provide concentrates on furthering the general will definitely envision education tojust skill development, but link literacy betterment of people by arranging his/her progeny. That is ultimately thewith vocational skills and provide large seminars, symposia, awareness. The aim – to take education to the grassrootsdoses of Life Enrichment Education program primarily serves a population of level. So that the malaise of grinding(LEE) to the people. The best thing forest dwellers and semi-rural inhabitants, poverty, ignorance and repression canabout JSS is its low cost, providing need members of scheduled castes and forever be decimated/cured. Thebased and literacy linked vocational scheduled tribes who often live in abject literacy that leads them to light, willtraining in most courses. And no poverty and underprivileged women. enable them to have a measure ofbarriers of age limit or prior educational control over lives forlorn for millennia – Activities (2007 – 2008)qualifications! Door-delivering the this is the vision of JSS-Idukki. 98% ofschool – adult education in terms of The thrust has been on identifying tribal the course trainees had a family incomeliteracy and livelihood - to those who clusters, focusing on vocation training of Rs 2,500 or less per month. 32 % , iecan’t or won’t go to school is the mantra that is linked to literacy. The first 748 were illiterate and 27 %, ie 638of JSS.The JSSs conduct vocational generation tribals, be they scheduled caste became literate . There were extra 675courses and awareness programmes for (SC) or scheduled tribe(ST), as they had beneficiaries, for whom vocationthe benefit of the trainees. no tradition of pen or alphabets find training programs were conducted in learning next to impossible. Continuing Education centers.
Interview with a Professional Social Worker 13 Dr.J.Paranjothi Raamalingam Q: Your inspiration towards choosing this field…. Paranjothi sir: My Professor Dr. Gurudos , who is now those few , nourish them with humanitarian in Newzealand as Mental health consultant was the concern and mould them as professional social first to inspire me to choose Social work as my career. workers. Even if one out of one hundred turns out Later a few seniors and my classmates impressed me with that calibre, I will be content and it is my much and I was deep rooted when it matters most. present ambition. Q: Your philosophy of social work… Q: The effect of your social work practices in your personal as well as professional life. Paranjothi sir: Rendering possible assistance and help to the needy in a professional way. Paranjothi sir: I have already answered this aspect Q: Your current area of focus…. in question no.4 and I have hinted at how Social Paranjothi sir: Health issues and Social work research Work profession has helped me a lot. In my professional life , I have come across a large Q: Any unexpected/stressful situation in your life as a number of social work educators as well as professional social worker and your mode of handling practitioners from whom I learned so many things the situation. to shape myself. Paranjothi sir: Many stressful situations occurred in my life. I believe that I was able to tackle them due to social work knowledge, I possess. A common man also can throw his weight in this regard but I feel the social workers have an edge Q: The factors that motivate you to be in the field of Social Work in spite of the slow development of Social work profession in India.Q: The factors that motivate you to be in the field ofSocial Work in spite of the slow development ofSocial work profession in India.Paranjothi sir: Well, after choosing the career, mypassion for teaching grew strongly in my mind. Idiffer from the view that there was slow developmentof social work in India. It developed steadily butunfortunately there was no realization in a grandiose manner. Nor was there any big push to make it eventhroughout India. I agree that still there are manyareas untouched by social work. Irrespective of suchfactors, my ambition to remain in the field was strongfrom the very beginning. Q: Your message for the budding social workersQ: The specific goals that you have established for Social work profession is a noble profession andyour career and your plans to make these things whoever chooses it will be blessed by God and andhappen. humanity in unison.Dont be dejected by low profile of the job in the eyes of somebody. They will understandParanjothi sir: I wanted to be a sincere social work the uniqueness of the profession and appreciate you.educator and throughout my career spanning thirty Equip yourself with professional knowledge and skills,seven years, I hold it aloft. Perhaps sustaining the and one day you will be a contributor and role model.same interest may be my specific goal as long as I am Work also sincerely and with devotion.in the field. Barring a very few, many youngsters aredriven by materialistic outlook. I want to pick upthose few , nourish them with humanitarian concernand mould them as professional social workers.Even if one out of one hundred turns out with thatcalibre, I will be content and it is my presentambition
10 DISHAA-Vol -1 14 Book Review By Lakshmi Vimala (S1 MSW) Activities This book is a compilation of 19 papers by renowned lecturers and TITLE OF THE BOOK: CHILD LABOUR YEAR OF PUBLICATION: 2007 labourers. It also mentions the different causes of abuse (physcal, emotional or researchers on the topic „Child EDITOR: BABITA AGARWAL sexual) and its effect on the children, with Labour”in the Indian context. PUBLISHED BY: ABD PUBLISHERS alarming statistics of such occurrences. The first chapter “Child Labour in “Bonded Child Labour in India” by India-Areas of work, Efffects and B-46, NATRAJ NAGAR, Dr.Anupam Sharma is the ninth paper Elimination” by Dr.Babita Agrawal IMLIWALA PHATAK, which describes bonded labour as the deals with the factors that are JAIPUR main type of child labour in India. Factors responsible for the origin of child behind this include poverty, traditional labour which include beliefs, myths etc.Children are forced to poverty,unemployment,large families, “Education and Child Labour” shows work in order to pay off the debts of their defective school education, family members and thus shutting out any the relation between education and the industrialisation, socio economic chance of proper development and factors etc. It also mentions the areas rate of child labour. Higher the education.In her paper “The Problem of where child labour is prominent such literacy rate, lesser the chance of Child Labour and Voluntary Sector in as agriculture, manufacturing units, India”, Sarita Jain suggests that the trade and commerce, domestic services children engaging themselves in hard cooperation of the government as well as etc ,along with the effects that it has on labour. Efforts should be made to the non government organizations are the child, society and ways to eliminate them.In the second chapter reduce educational wastage (children necessary for regulating child labour. Also the existing rules and regulations must be “Dimensional analysis of Child Labour dropping out) and stagnation strictly enforced.The eleventh chapter in India”,Dr.Anil Gupta and (continuance of a child in a single class “Child Labour in India-Causes and Dr.Archana Vijayant focuses on the Governmental Policies” by Dipti Rani alarming statistics regarding child for more than a year due to throws light on the ineffectiveness of the labour and also throws light on the fact failure).The sixth paper “Child existing rules against child labour. Child that it is not possible to get a clear labour cannot be eliminated by focusing picture of the problem, with different Labour-Its Inception, Development on one area. The needs of the poor must surveys showing varying and Eradication in India” by Pallavi be satisfied first.Dr.Bhavna Agrawal in magnitude.“Government Policies and her paper “A Study of Child Labour and Programmes against Child Labour” by Srivastava focuses on the instances of its Impact over Household Income” Dr.J.C.Pant and Dr.Upasana Sharma is child labour across the Indian states, mentions that the main factor that pushes the third paper. It describes the different legislative provisions that are its causes and ways of regulation by the parents into sending their children for outside work is poverty. The child enacted against child labour. The Child enacting different provisions such as labourer brings additional income to the Caption describing Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) picture or graphic. Act, 1986 is such an initiative. Proper Article 23,Article 45 etc. Dr.Suman family but it negatively affects the children and hampers their progressive implementation of the laws is to be Lata in the seventh chapter “Working growth.The thirteenth chapter “Female done in order to control child Children-Hazardous Work” focuses on Work Participation and child labour” by labour.The fourth chapter “Problem of Dr.Deepa Agrawal aims to analyze the child Labour-A Gravity Analysis in the different industries such as glass female work participation and child Context of Demand and Supply industries, match factories, leather, labour, compare the different data and Determinants (An Empirical Study in also any significant relation between the Urban Agra)”by Prof.V.P.Tripathi and silk, brassware, carpet, lock industry two. In the fourteenth chapter “Working Dr.Deepa Rawat analyses the factors etc where child labourers are Avenues of Child Labour in India”, contributing to the increase in demand Dr.Upasna Sharma describes the and supply of child labourers by employed the most. Here they are prominent areas of work by the child conducting a survey in the urban areas subjected to dangerous working labourer such as production of brass, of Agra. The results obtained from the survey indicate low wages as the conditions which are detrimental to locks, beedi .Child workers are also preferred in unorganized sectors due to reason for high demand for child their growth and development.The their mental and physical labourers and large families for the eighth chapter “Child Abuse and Child flexibility.“Child Labour and its Impact increase in supply.Dr.Menakshi on their Health” by Dr.Manila Rohatgi Sharma in the fifth document Labour” by Prabha Singh raises the focuses on the the negative manifestations “Education and Child Labour” shows issue of abuse experienced by the child of child labour such as stunted growth, the relation between education and the bone malformation, skin rate of child labour. Higher the literacy labourers. It also mentions the infections,malnutrition,sight loss etc and rate, lesser the chance of children different causes of abuse (physcal, also the psychological problems like habit engaging themselves in hard labour. disorder, personality disorder, depression
15bone malformation, skin infections, mining, construction, trade etc aremalnutrition, sight loss etc and also the addressed. It also discusses the Upcoming Conference/Workshopspsychological problems like habit policy of the Indian government November 2011disorder, personality disorder, against child labour.Child labour isdepression etc.In her paper ”Child one among the many serious 08- Social Work InternationalLabour”,Mrs.Sarika Garg cites poverty problems that India needs to address Conference - De Novo 11 Kochi Indiaas the main, but not the only today. The term child labour refers todeterminant of child labour. Other a child below the age of 14 who 09- National Counselling Conferencefactors like inadequate or lack of works and is paid (either in cash or in 2011 Kuala Lumpur Malaysiaschools and the expense of schooling kind) in return. India is estimated toare some of the other reasons why house the most number of child 09- NASWE INTERNATIONALchildren are forced to work. Provisions labourers and the rate is increasing CONFERENCE Ibadan Nigeriafor free and compulsory education and day by day. It points on theproper enforcement of laws are ineffectiveness of the formulated 09- 2011 NASW IL Statewiderequired.The seventeenth chapter rules and regulations. Efforts should Conference Chicago IL“Child Labour in India-Causes and be taken to curb this social evil 15- 2nd Annual Integrating Services toRemedies” by Prabha Singh and Arun which deteriorates the social systemKumar Singh aims to study the socio- and adversely affects the prosperity Reduce Homelessness Melbourneeconomic conditions of the working of the future generations. The issue Australiachildren, the causes of child labour, of child labour can be brought underworking conditions of the children and control only through the overall 24- Humanities and Social Sciencesthe nature and extent of child labour in effort to improve the status of the 2011 (HSS-2011) Lviv UkraineIndia.Mrs.Shaily chauhan, in her paper poor and meeting their demands“Child Labour-Still a Long Dream to along with providing free and 25- 2011- 2nd InternationalRealize” describes what is meant by compulsory education to the Conference on Behavioral, Cognitivethe term child labour and also its worst children.forms. It also mentions the harmful and Psychological Sciences(BCPSeffects it has on the child and the 2011) Maldivesvarious sectors where the childrenwaste the best part of their life. Itmentions the different forms of child 25- 2011- International Conference onlabour and its hazardous impacts. The History and Societyreforms suggested by the variousnational and international bodies are Development(ICHSD 2011) Maldivesalso mentioned.The last chapter “Child MaldivesLabour in India-Governmental policiesand the Role of Education” byDr.R.C.Agrawal and Dr.BabitaAgrawal deals with the issue of child December 2011labour in detail. The problems ofchildren working in different fields like 07- The CFLEs National Sex Edcultivation, livestock, fishing, forestry,mining, construction, trade etc are Conference.addressed. It also discusses the policy 28- International conference onof the Indian government against childlabour.Child labour is one among the Spirituality, Religion and Social Workmany serious problems that India needs Ahmednagar Indiato address today. The term child labourrefers to a child below the age of 14who works and is paid (either in cashor in kind) in return. India is estimatedto house the most number of childlabourers and the rate is increasing dayby day. It points on the ineffectivenessof
DISHAA-Vol -1 16Department of Social Work: A glanceAmrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is one of the youngest Department of Social work, Amritapuri campus: ‘Loving to serve andgroups of higher EDUCATIONAL institutions in India serving to love’.to be conferred the “University” status by theGovernment and the first to have a multidisciplinary, The Department of Social Work came into being under the guidancemulticampus at the outset. With headquarters at and inspiration of renowned humanitarian Sri Mata AmritanandamayiCoimbatore and campuses at Amritapuri, Bangalore, Devi in the year 2007, at Amritapuri campus. The Department is involved in providing quality oriented social work education throughMysore, Amrita University is emerging as one of the practice research and field interventions. Preparing students forfastest growing institutions of higher learning in thecountry. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham is managed by Mata specialized, evidence and right based practice among the oppressed, at risk and vulnerable through value based education is mission of theAmritanandamayi Math with Sri Mata Amritanandamayi Department.Devi, Amma, one of the foremost humanitarian leadersin the world today, as the Chancellor. The vision of the ASWASuniversity is to provide value-based education and ASWAS, the „Amrita Social Workers‟ Association‟ is an outreachmould the character of the students through an interplayand exchange of ideas and actions, resulting in a society organ under the auspices of Department of Social Work, Amritapurithat is empowered with noble character and wholesome campus. ASWAS is concerned with promoting social andvalues. environmental responsibility among the public, creating awareness against social evils and facilitation of measures to prevent social evils. The programs / interventions organized for uplifting socially and educationally marginalized groups in turn contribute towards skill Editorial development and professional enrichment of Social work students. It‟s a dream come true for the and practising social work community for being united always as a team for all Department of Social Work, Amritapuri with various success stories from the the fruitful activities at the Social Work campus. Yes, the first newsletter of field. It also aims to instigate the critical Department. Amrita Social Workers Association thinking ability of the student community (ASWAS), “Dishaa” has come out in Our journey towards a full-fledged on various psychosocial issues. research focused AMRITA JOURNAL reality. Thanks to the blessings of AMMA. Thanks to Swami The editorial board expresses its gratitude OF SOCIAL WORK has thus begun… Amritaswarupanandapuri, President, to all those who have contributed to it. Swami Abhayamrita Chaithanya, Pro- Special gratitude to Professor Pravin Chancellor, Dr. P. Venkat Rangan, Vice- Patkar, Director, PRERANA and Dr. Chancellor and Dr. S. Krishnamurthy, Paranjothi Ramalingam, Professor and Registrar for their blessings and Head, Department of Social Work, encouragement. Thanks to the continued Amrita University, Ettimadai Campus for motivation and support of the Campus their cooperation in bringing out this Director, Br. Sudeepji. Thanks to the newsletter. Last, but not the least, this dynamic leadership and affection of Br. achievement was possible only due to the Anandji, Principal, Department of Social wonderful faculty team at Amritapuri, I Work, Amritapuri campus. And finally, thank Rajeev MM, Kochukrishna Kurup, Dr. Renjith R. Pillai a word of thanks to the relentless efforts P K Anand, Suryakrishna and Sooraj P S Assistant Professor & Chief Editor of my beloved students of the Department of the Social Work. Staff Editors: Mr. Rajeev MM The newsletter will provide a platform for the social work students, teachers Mr. V S Kochukrishna Kurup and practising social workers to put in Mr. P K Anand Achari their perception on varied social issues. Student Editors: Ms.Parvathy V It will provide an arena to exhibit the talents and innovations at the Ms. Lakshmi Vimala Department of Social Work, Amritapuri Design and Layout: Mr. Sijo Mathew Jacob Campus. It will familiarize the academic Printed and published by: Br. Anand Shenoy, Prinicipal, Department of Social Work, Patron, ASWAS (For private circulation only)