DECONSTRUCTIVISMis a development of PostmodernArchitecture that began in thelate 1980s. It centers on theideas of FRAGMENTATION, aninterest in manipulating ideas ofa structures surface that distortsome of the elements ofarchitecture itself.Deconstructivists seek to movearchitecture Away From whatthey see as the confining Rulesof modernism such as "FormFollows Function", "Purity OfForm", and "Truth To Materials.”THEY PREFER TO STIMULATEUNPREDICTABILITY ANDCONTROL CHAOS.
Born in 1932PETEREISENMANIs an AmericanArchitect. ADECONSTRUCTIVIST(Follows theDeconstruction DesignApproach.)
Born in 1932PETEREISENMANIs an AmericanArchitect. ADECONSTRUCTIVIST(Follows theDeconstruction DesignApproach.)HIS theories on architecture pursue the emancipation andautonomy of the discipline and his work represents a continuedattempt to liberate form from all meaning.HE had strong cultural relationships with European intellectuals likehis English mentor COLIN ROWE and the Italian historian MANFREDOTAFURI.
HIS Practice…At first EISENMAN rose as a memberof the New York Five (also known asTHE FIVE WHITES.) HIMSELF CHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
HUMANA BUILDING(Louisville – Kentucky) HIMSELFCHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
JUBILEE CHURCH (Rome - Italy) HIMSELFCHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
KREUZBERG TOWER (Berlin - Germany) HIMSELFCHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART(North Miami – Florida) HIMSELFCHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
THESE ARCHITECTS WORK AT THETIME WAS OFTEN CONSIDERED AREWORKING OF THE IDEAS OF LECORBUSIER.EACH DEVELOPED UNIQUE STYLESAND IDEOLOGIES, WITH EISENMANBECOMING MORE AFFILIATED WITHTHE DECONSTRUCTIVIST MOVEMENT.
MEMORIAL TO THEMURDERED JEWS OF EUROPE (Berlin – Germany) HIMSELF CHARLES GWATHMEY JOHN HEJDUK RICHARD MEIER & MICHAEL GRAVES
OTHER PROJECTS BY PETER EISENMAN HOUSE VI (FRANK RESIDENCE) (Cornwall – Connecticut)
OTHER PROJECTS BY PETER EISENMAN WEXNER CENTER FOR THE ARTS (Ohio State University - Ohio)
COMPLEX GEOMETRYEISENMAN has developed increasingly COMPLEXFORMULATIONS regarding the architectural designprocess, especially in regards to the role ofSTRUCTURE IN CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY. A DIFFERENT IDEOLOGY HIS architectural design theories are drawn from Outside Existing Architectural Dogma, most notably from Philosophy & Linguistics. With references to rhetorical strategies, societal alienation, and existing architectural forms. EISENMANs theoretical work derives much from FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE, NOAM CHOMSKY & JACQUES DERRIDA.
A NEW DESIGN PROCESSEISENMAN suggests a psychological void which provokesindividual and cultural anxiety and dislocation. By inducingdestabilization and rupture in the very structures so longassociated with comfort and shelter. Yet classifying Eisenmansoeuvre, is to miss the essential thrust of his process. NEW/OLD CONNECTION While working with the New York Five, EISENMAN sought a return to the origins of 20th- century modernism, as seen in the early works of Le Corbusier, the Italian Rationalist Giuseppe Terragni (1904-1943), and the Dutch De Stijl movement architect Gerrit Rietveld (1888- 1964). The work of the New York Five was driven by the more Abstract And Theoretical aspects of this architecture.
“If the Conceptual Underpinnings Are NotReadily Apparent Or Easily Seen in hisdesigns and buildings, the texts of theseprecursors certainly underlayEISENMANs own, both Literally andArchitecturally.” Peter Blank