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Womens Health 7

Womens Health 7






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    Womens Health 7 Womens Health 7 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Seven Building Healthy Relationships
    • Forming Relationships
      • Healthy relationships evolve, they don’t happen spontaneously
      • Adolescents learn by observing “role models” on how to interact with one another
      • Most adults don’t receive any formal training for building, nurturing, and maintaining relationships
      • As a result, adolescents have a difficult task of learning how to foster healthy relationships without the benefit of previous modeling
      • Lesbians have difficulty finding role models for dating based upon past culture
    • Stages of Dating
      • Attraction (first stage)
      • Rituals (shared experiences that deepen a bond)
      • Information Sharing (disclosing more personal information as well as engaging in physical contact e.g. kissing, etc.)
      • Activities (personal interests that allow mutual acceptance)
      • Emotional Intimacy (feeling of knowing and being known)
      • Commitment (feelings of attachment and the desire to be in a more intimate relationship)
    • Gender Role Attributes
      • There is a profound influence on the development of relationships based on psychological factors such as masculinity and femininity
      • Recent studies showed a blend of masculine and feminine traits labeled androgynous
      • Androgynous individuals were believed to possess the traits that allowed them to function more equally in a relationship and to fare better psychologically
    • Sociological Factors
      • These factors impact the development of relationships
      • Some scholars suggest women are more relational, whereas men are more autonomous
      • Females and males tend to be socialized differently according to values and beliefs of their culture
      • In the United States, men tend to embrace the cultural and psychological aspects of an individualistic society, while women tend to embrace the messages of a collective society
    • Theories of Love
      • Maslow’s D love & B Love
          • D Love is based on deficiency (meet one’s unmet needs)
          • B Love is based on being secure and having freedom
      • Sternberg’s Triangular Theory (Figure 7.1)
          • Focuses on 3 components with 9 combinations of love
              • Commitment
              • Intimacy
              • Passion
      • John Alan Lee’s 6 Lovestyles
          • Erotic love
          • Ludic love
          • Pragmatic love
          • Manic love
          • Altruistic love
          • Storgic love
    • Traits of a Successful Relationship
      • Separating emotionally from the families of origin and creating a new family
      • Maintaining autonomy and balancing it with togetherness
      • Establishing a vital sexual relationship that remains free from distractions
      • Recognizing the changes that occur with parenthood and keeping communication open
      • Confronting crises and facing adversity together
      • Determining safe ways to express differences, conflicts, anger, and seeking resolution
      • Creating humor that keeps the little things in perspective and maintains the dynamic stimulation
      • Nurturing and comforting each other, allowing dependency and vulnerability to feel safe
      • Remembering the early romantic, idealized images of love for the partner while facing the reality of shifts in the relationship
    • Types of Relationships
      • Marriage and Committed Relationships
      • Cohabitation
      • Interracial and Mixed Race Couples
      • Lesbian Couples
      • Single Lifestyles and Parenthood
    • Love Addiction
      • This is a relationship built on faulty thinking and feeling
      • This pattern has been described as love/avoidance addiction
      • It occurs when the “ love addict ” partner feels the need to be rescued and the other partner “ avoidance addict ” attempts to avoid involvement with the partner
      • Their fears become abandonment and intimacy, which become reversed over time
      • The relationships will deteriorate until one partner leaves
    • Divorce
      • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 52% of all first marriages end in divorce
      • The National Center for Health Statistics reported for 2004 the national divorce rate was 3.7 per 1,000
      • The emotional and financial effects of divorce are greater for women, especially older women
      • Many women over time will re-marry which have been found to be even more fragile, more than 62% of remarriages, lead to divorce
      • Newly blended families fall into conflicts with regards to needs that are sometimes unrealistic or tensions created with different parents
    • Potential Sources of Conflict
      • External Affair
      • Money
      • Sexuality
      • Child Rearing and Household Labor
      • Inattentiveness
    • Resolving Conflicts-Fighting Fair
      • Successful negotiation requires that both partners must:
          • Clearly state the problem or complaint
          • Agree to discuss the problem or complaint
          • Commit to:
              • Change the pattern
              • Find an acceptable compromise
              • Disagree
      See Health Tips: Fighting Fair
    • Chapter Seven Building Healthy Relationships