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Womens Health 3

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  • 1. Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 2. What is Healthy?
    • Your health is dependent upon personal lifestyle choices as well as the following uncontrollable elements:
        • Genetics
        • Environmental conditions
        • Technological developments of your country
        • Gender
        • Ethnicity
        • Cultural issues
        • Age-specific risks
        • Potential for accidents
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 3. Life Expectancy
    • Many factors determine how long you live
    • Life expectancy provide researchers with statistical averages for tracking health concerns, but does not consider the “individual”
    • The average life expectancy for a person living in the U.S. is 77.5 years
    • The average life expectancy for women is 80.1 years
    • This average is 5.3 years more than men
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Reference: http://www.census.gov/
  • 4. Leading Causes of Death for Women © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Table 3.2 Leading Causes of Death for Females (all races) Age Group Number 1 Cause of Death 15-24 years Accidents 25-34 years Accidents 35-64 years Malignant neoplasms 65 years and older Malignant neoplasms
  • 5. Whole Person Concept
    • Three important elements bring about your state of well-being
        • Mind (psyche)
        • Body (physical status)
        • Spirit (philosophy about living for yourself and with others)
    • Two major categories of factors that influence your status as a whole person:
        • Endogenous factors (events that occur within you)
        • Exogenous factors (events that occur outside you)
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 6. Dimensions of Wellness
    • Wellness has been described as consisting of 6 major dimensions
        • Physical
        • Social
        • Occupational
        • Intellectual
        • Spiritual
        • Emotional
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. See FYI: Descriptions of Wellness
  • 7. World Wellness
    • There are 6 primary environmental issues for world wellness:
        • Air
        • Water
        • Energy
        • Food
        • Toxins
        • Nature
    • The world is referred to as Mother Earth , and is the earliest and strongest female archetype that exists for women
    • It is vital that issues of world health is not ignored compared to individual health
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 8. Wellness vs. Illness
    • Health is viewed along a continuum of wellness to illness
    • Health intervention is the act of interfering to create change
    • Three forms of health interventions are:
        • Education (research and study)
        • Prevention (avert occurrences of illness)
        • Treatment (decrease discomfort/increase health)
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 9. Learning and Behavior
    • Primary reinforcers can be positive, negative, and punishment
        • A Positive Reinforcer is rewarding the behavior
        • A Negative Reinforcer is the removal of something uncomfortable
        • A Punishment involves the presentation of something uncomfortable
    • Resistance to change is often a result of the existence of secondary reinforcers (interfering belief or value)
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 10. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Figure 3.3) © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 11. Theories and Models of Health Behavior Change
    • The Transtheoretical Model
        • Multicomponent stage model consisting of 5 stages
    • Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Action
        • 3 primary concepts that can affect behavior change
    • Self-Efficacy
        • Conviction that you can change behavior based on your actions
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
    • The preceding are theories or models that suggest ways to change health behaviors
  • 12. Planning Your Lifestyle Change
    • Managing lifestyle changes can occur through a self-help plan which involves 3 steps:
      • Personal Inventory (evaluation of personal health)
      • Helpful Attitude (consider this a permanent change that promotes realism)
      • Plan of Action
        • Assessing behavior
        • Setting specific goals (behavioral contract)
        • Formulating intervention strategies
        • Evaluating progress
    © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  • 13. Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.