Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle ©  2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
What is Healthy? <ul><li>Your health is dependent upon personal lifestyle choices as well as the following uncontrollable ...
Life Expectancy <ul><li>Many factors determine how long you live </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy provide researchers wit...
Leading Causes of Death for Women ©  2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.  Table 3.2 Leading Causes of ...
Whole Person Concept <ul><li>Three important elements bring about your state of well-being </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mind ...
Dimensions of Wellness <ul><li>Wellness has been described as consisting of 6 major dimensions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>P...
World Wellness <ul><li>There are 6 primary environmental issues for world wellness: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air </li></u...
Wellness vs. Illness <ul><li>Health is viewed along a continuum of wellness to illness </li></ul><ul><li>Health interventi...
Learning and Behavior <ul><li>Primary reinforcers can be positive, negative, and punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A  P...
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Figure 3.3) ©  2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
Theories and Models of Health Behavior Change <ul><li>The Transtheoretical Model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multicomponent ...
Planning Your Lifestyle Change <ul><li>Managing lifestyle changes can occur through a self-help plan which involves 3 step...
Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle ©  2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
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Womens Health 3

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Womens Health 3

  1. 1. Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. What is Healthy? <ul><li>Your health is dependent upon personal lifestyle choices as well as the following uncontrollable elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genetics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental conditions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technological developments of your country </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age-specific risks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential for accidents </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Life Expectancy <ul><li>Many factors determine how long you live </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy provide researchers with statistical averages for tracking health concerns, but does not consider the “individual” </li></ul><ul><li>The average life expectancy for a person living in the U.S. is 77.5 years </li></ul><ul><li>The average life expectancy for women is 80.1 years </li></ul><ul><li>This average is 5.3 years more than men </li></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Reference: http://www.census.gov/
  4. 4. Leading Causes of Death for Women © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. Table 3.2 Leading Causes of Death for Females (all races) Age Group Number 1 Cause of Death 15-24 years Accidents 25-34 years Accidents 35-64 years Malignant neoplasms 65 years and older Malignant neoplasms
  5. 5. Whole Person Concept <ul><li>Three important elements bring about your state of well-being </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mind (psyche) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body (physical status) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spirit (philosophy about living for yourself and with others) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Two major categories of factors that influence your status as a whole person: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Endogenous factors (events that occur within you) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exogenous factors (events that occur outside you) </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Dimensions of Wellness <ul><li>Wellness has been described as consisting of 6 major dimensions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. See FYI: Descriptions of Wellness
  7. 7. World Wellness <ul><li>There are 6 primary environmental issues for world wellness: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Toxins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The world is referred to as Mother Earth , and is the earliest and strongest female archetype that exists for women </li></ul><ul><li>It is vital that issues of world health is not ignored compared to individual health </li></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Wellness vs. Illness <ul><li>Health is viewed along a continuum of wellness to illness </li></ul><ul><li>Health intervention is the act of interfering to create change </li></ul><ul><li>Three forms of health interventions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education (research and study) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention (avert occurrences of illness) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment (decrease discomfort/increase health) </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Learning and Behavior <ul><li>Primary reinforcers can be positive, negative, and punishment </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Positive Reinforcer is rewarding the behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Negative Reinforcer is the removal of something uncomfortable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Punishment involves the presentation of something uncomfortable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Resistance to change is often a result of the existence of secondary reinforcers (interfering belief or value) </li></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  10. 10. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Figure 3.3) © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Theories and Models of Health Behavior Change <ul><li>The Transtheoretical Model </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multicomponent stage model consisting of 5 stages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Action </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 primary concepts that can affect behavior change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Self-Efficacy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conviction that you can change behavior based on your actions </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved. <ul><li>The preceding are theories or models that suggest ways to change health behaviors </li></ul>
  12. 12. Planning Your Lifestyle Change <ul><li>Managing lifestyle changes can occur through a self-help plan which involves 3 steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Inventory (evaluation of personal health) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helpful Attitude (consider this a permanent change that promotes realism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan of Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing behavior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting specific goals (behavioral contract) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formulating intervention strategies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluating progress </li></ul></ul></ul>© 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Chapter Three Developing a Healthy Lifestyle © 2008 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
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