Dates from the beginning of
the 20th century, more precisely
in the 30s and 40s.
• It is a cultural, artistic and literary trend which has as primary
themes the social and economic conditions of the population.
This New Realism
whole social reality
of that time, the
it means new
reality as it is
It is based on a
explores the fight
Contributes for the
end of man's
by other man.
The Neorealism appeared
in Portugal in the 40s, in
the context of the
Modern Art. Many events
contributed for this, such
An economic crisis
(after the World War
The arise of
The spanish civil
war and the World
Júlio Pomar was born in the 10th of january 1926
in Lisbon. He studied in the School of Arts
António Arroio, also in University of Belas Artes
in Lisbon, and then studying in Porto.
He colaborated at the newspaper “A Tarde” in
1945 in the weekly page called “A arte”. He joins
the Communist Youth and later the MUD
He is arrested by PIDE (a political police), in
1947, along with all members of the board, MUD
Juvenile, but the most important neo-realist works
was exhibited in the General Exhibition of Fine
Biography of the artist
In 1953, he deals
with the reality of
the hard works on
the rice fields of
So his painting style
became more stiffer,
corresponding to a
more realist, anti-
Since 1957, with the
influence of Goya, and
after visiting Paris, the
artist’s drawing became
quicker, freer and more
“Maria da Fonte”
is the first work
showing this new
Later on, Júlio Pomar will continue to
work in the areas of illustration,
decoration and ceramics.
His travelings were also a big
influence to his themes.
• In 1963, he starts living permanently in Paris, working in
the stock market of the Caloustre Gulbenkian
• His most popular themes are
• The popular tradition;
• The events of the time;
• An interaction with the elder masters;
• And erotism.
In the late 1960’s, he started
using acrylic paint.
Which makes him change his
paintings, switching from his
usual color scheme to the use
of primary colors, and with no
mixtures between the colours.
Later on, he also used the
He received several important
• In 1994, the Associação
Internacional dos Críticos de Arte
• In 2000, the Celpa/Vieira da Silva
• And in 2003, the Amadeo de
Several antological exhibitions have
been comissioned, the most recent
• In 2004, in Berardo Museum in
Sintra, called Autobiography;
• In 2008, in Serralves Museum,
called Cadeia da relação – with
works from different fases from
the artist’s career.
He exhibited many of his works in exhibitions
in Portugal and also in other countries.
The artist Júlio Pomar lived that Neo-
realistic period. His work was based a lot
on that theme, wanting to represent the
problems and misery that were being
experienced in Portugal.
Later, in the 1980s the author
changed to a more light and informal
style of painting.
Júlio Pomar explored different artistic techniques such as engraving, sculpture, ilustrating,
tapestry and tiles, though nowdays he is dedicated more to painting and writing.
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