RISE OF THE SUPERPOWERS After WWII, the USA and the USSR were the 2 most powerful countries by far. In fact they were nicknamed SUPER POWERS . The US and USSR became rivals. Roughly half of the world was on the side of the US, and half of was on the side of the USSR.
Blue=NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) countries
Red=Warsaw Pact countries
USA The Soviet Union Free elections No elections or fixed Democratic Autocratic / Dictatorship Capitalist Communist ‘ Survival of the fittest’ Everybody helps everybody Richest world power Poor economic base Personal freedom Freedom of the media Society controlled by secret police. Total censorship NATO WARSAW PACT
The countries on the US’s side formed an alliance called NATO and the countries on the USSR’s side formed an alliance called the Warsaw Pact. The countries on the USSR’s side were referred to as Soviet Union.
Although the US and USSR were enemies, they never fought each other. Instead they had what is called a COLD WAR . This lasted from 1945-1989 . The 2 countries did everything possible to stop each other but never had a “real” war .
They were both afraid of each other because both had nuclear weapons . Neither wanted to fight because they could have both destroyed the other. So instead of having a hot war, the problems between the US and USSR from1945-1989 were known as the COLD WAR .
There was never a real war between the two sides , but they were often very close to war (Hotspots). Both sides got involved in other conflicts in the world to either stop the spread of communism (USA) or help the spread (USSR). Again...