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Optimistic Procrastinators “Discovering Your Sources” Created by Kelly Marshal John Parnell Brianne Relaford
Table of Contents College Resources Community Resources Discovering your Preferences and Learning Styles Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
College ResourcesIn order to succeed as a college student you will need to rely on various college resources Advising Advisors are there to help you achieve your collegiate goals Assist students with choosing courses, selecting majors Help resolve academic problems Counseling This office helps with your personal, academic and career concerns Referrals are made to community organizations for more serious problems
Business OfficeValuable services that can help Obtaining a copy of your college transcript Paying for tuition, child care, and exams Requesting a 1098T tax form
Faculty Faulty such as professor do more than teach Students should pay attention to their advice and suggestion “Office hours” are available to help students with questions, review, and discuss problems Its best to take advantage of these services
Financial Aid Financial aid has several different options. Such as: Which type of aid you qualify and what is right for you Conditions: financial hardships, “dependent” students, educational expenses, academic standing and accessibility of aid funds Remember, its your responsibility to… -Apply early for financial aid -Complete FAFSA each year -Submit all required forms to college -Use financial aid for educationally expenses only
Other servicesHelp Desk, Library, Student Disabilities Office Help Desk allows students to ask about College website and Blackboard It also provides technical support and internet issues Library services: personal and small group tutoring As well as, lectures, seminars, study quarters, and internet Disabilities Office is provided upon receipt of documentation of a students disability Note taker, tutor, reader, scribe, interpreter, testing commendations, adaptive equipment, enlarged or Braille material, CLAS waivers, course substitutions, and voter registration
Community Resources The community can be a resource to get involved with your “inner self” Can be found: parks, community centers, churches, and clubs Another way is to ask other people people about resources of what you can do
Civic & Professional Resources Professional Resources- many people & organizations that are well connected to what you want to achieve Good way to get connect is to join a professional organization Professionals want to help upcoming members in their member status Civic are more related to people, community, & city Involvement is interacting with the public Civic resources groups: provide tools, strategies, and solutions Example: Libraries
Discovering your Preferences Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist who studied personal preferences and differences about individuals. Perception, process to gather information Judgment, process of using this information to make decisions.
Senses & Intuition Senses- gather data from within the world Includes: sight, smell, hearing, touch, & taste Sensors are individual who trust his/her senses to provide information Intuition is what provides data about the world Trust hunches are also called intuitives according to Carl Jung
Thinkers & Feelers Jung discovered people employ different methods of making decisions/ judgment Thinkers- analyze info. And base decisions on their analysis Feelers- base decisions on personal value and trust their feelings or “gut”
Extroverts & Introverts Jung’s final discovery- how individuals approach the world Extroverts- “Head On” outer world people & objects Introverts- “Wait & see” inner would of ideas
Types of learners Extrovert Learners Energized by classroom Enjoy interaction; talkative Takes charge “Dives in” Disadvantages- Fails to wait for others Attention wonders if instructions are complicated Introvert Learners Quiet time (self reflection) Process thoughts internally Learn through listening, writing, and private processing
…. Learning more Sensing Learners Work in realistic settings Hands on experience Use step-by-step instructions Examples: outlining, color coding notes and building models Intuitive Learners The need to know how facts go together Prefers assignments such as research papers Rely on inspiration Ask the question why Examples: mind mapping, create stories, and organize facts
And more… Thinking Learners Use logic to evaluate information Prefer impersonal analysis of the facts Like to work independently to achieve goals Examples: outline text book or notes Feeling Learners Basic decision making is personal, and subjective approach to learning Use personal value to evaluate information Examples: pay attention to non-verbal cues, studies with friends, offer support
And more Judging Learners Plan their work Want to get the job done because of the reward Comfortable with knowing exactly what to do Disadvantage: While rushing with the assignment they overlook important info. Perceptive Learners Want to expand he/she knowledge Take an active, spontaneous approach to learning Want to enjoy learning
Learning Styles Created by Richard Felder & Barbara Solomon (1988) Asking:
What type of info do you prefer to receive?
What type of sensory info do I perceive most effectively?
Types of Models SCALES Sensing/Intuitive Visual/Verbal Active/Reflective Sequential/Global Index of Learning Styles (ILS) Visual, Aural, Read/ Write, Kinesthetic (VARK) Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (scale of Kolb)
Sensing & Intuitive(MBTI) Intuitive Learners- go by their sixth sense Comfortable with abstract & theory Readily see patterns & relationships Sensing Learners- focus on information that can be perceived by senses Concentrate on facts & procedures Good with details & aware of surroundings Step by step approach
Visual & Verbal(VARK) Read-Write- perceive information that is presented in words Learn by reading about subject Kinesthetic- Learn by interaction with material “hands on” Learn by doing Visual- Learn information by images, diagrams, & charts Also use mental maps & visualization Auditory- Learners grasp information orally Enjoy discussion lectures and vocal explanation (verbally guide)
Active & Reflective Reflective learners- process information internally Need time alone to think Usually stand back and observe & think it over Active learners- learn by trying out or discussing them with others Don’t mind taking risks
Global & Sequential Sequential learners- gain understanding in small orderly steps Start with pieces and build up the big picture Usually able to jump into a problem solving process Global learners- gain understanding sporadically (random moments) Learn in fits and spurts They have to understand the nig picture before they can grasp the details
Abraham Maslow was a leading mind in psychology during the 1950s and 1960s He developed a chart that shows the basic needs of an individual to achieve success in life When first designed it only had 5 basic needs were psychological Along came safety in the 70s Then cognitive and aesthetic needs in the 90s
The general goal is to reach self-actualization Transcendence is the highest achievable level, which “surpasses ego driven behavior Transcendence is to see life as less of a challenge but more of a journey Only a small percentage of the world's population firs this section
Quick self testInterpretation of hierarchy of needs A- successful in life and work. Well liked, responsible, and high level of self-esteem B- apart of a family and loved by other. Have good relationship with friends ( accept me for who I am) C- seek beauty first. Self involved D- self-acknowledgement & enlightenment Seek “peak” experiences
Interpretation E- Generally feel safe (home, work, etc) Life has routine F- most important goal, to help others G- Aside diet and personal choice, I never starve or lack money for food. Trauma with moving houses H- Improving self awareness is my top priority. Work is extremely important to me
Figuring It outInterpretation: 1. Biological Needs G 2. Safety Needs E 3. Belonging & Love B 4. Esteem A 5. Cognitive Needs H 6. Aesthetic Needs C 7. Self-Actualization D 8. Transcendence Needs F 1-4 are deficiency needs motivators If checked above 1-4 means satisfied or content Needs 5-8 are growth motivators If checked, likely to focus on personality growth
Work Cited Chapman, Alan. “Personality Pedagogy-Content-Exercise And Activities”. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Self test. 15 Jan. 2004. Web. 18 April 2010. http://personalitypedagogy.aracadia.edu/pmwiki.php?n=Content. ExcerciesAndActivies Milton, B.L. (2008, Sept 15). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Explains Why Some Children Fail. Retrieved April 18, 2010, from http://www.natuarlnews.com/024190_schools_safety_food.html Paul. “Future Hi; Transpersonal Psychology Achieves. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Explains Motivation Model. 15 Jan, 2004. Web. 18 April 2010. http://furturehi.net/archieves/cat_transpersonal_psychology.html
Work Cited http://fscj.edu/mydegree?Future-Students/Counseling?Advising?Advising.hmtl http://fscj.edu/mydegree?Future-Students?Finanical-Aid/Scholarships/finaincial.hmtl http://floridastatecollegecatalog.fscj.edu/content.php?catoid=18&navoid=2271
Successful Thinking Team Two Seth Campbell Ashlei Holton Christian Rishel
We will explore the following topics… Creative and Critical Thinking Characteristics of a Successful Thinker Mental/ Behavioral exercises to enhance successful thinking Identifying and busting through roadblocks to successful thinking
Successful Thinking What is Successful Thinking?
Successful Thinking is… Successful thinking is a combination of creative thinking and critical thinking One may say that successful thinking is a “decision making process of choosing from a number of alternatives and selecting the option that will best move one to their goals”
Creative Thinking is… An ability An attitude A process
Creative Thinking is… The ability to generate new ideas by combining, changing, or reapplying existing ideas. The ability to accept change and newness, a willingness to play with ideas and possibilities, a flexibility of outlook, the habit of enjoying the good, while looking for ways to improve it. Creative people work hard and continually to improve ideas and solutions, by making gradual alterations and refinements to their works.
Critical Thinking is… Rationality Open Mindedness Discipline Honesty Judgment
Critical Thinking We are thinking critically (rationally) when we rely on reason rather than emotion, require evidence, ignore no known evidence, and follow evidence where it leads, and are concerned more with finding the best explanation than being right analyzing apparent confusion and asking questions.
Critical Thinking We are being self-aware when we weigh the influences of motives and bias, and recognize our own assumptions, prejudices, biases, or point of view. We are thinking critically when we recognize emotional impulses, selfish motives, nefarious purposes, or other modes of self-deception (honestly)
Critical Thinking We are thinking critically when we evaluate all reasonable inferences, consider a variety of possible viewpoints or perspectives. (open-minded)
Critical Thinking We are thinking critically when we are precise, meticulous, comprehensive exhaustive in our endeavors. We are disciplined when we resist manipulation and irrational appeals, and avoid snap judgments. (disciplined)
Critical Thinking We are thinking critically when we recognize the relevance and/or merit of alternative assumptions and perspectives recognize the extent and weight of evidence. (judgment)
Characteristics Of A Successful Thinker As Albert Einstein put it, “Imagination is more important than knowledge.” Good thinkers come up with the best answers. They create backup plans that provide them with alternatives. So what exactly are successful peoples best attributes, what do they all have in common? In most cases an average person tends to let great ideas and concepts (thoughts) simply die in during its conceptual or mental creative phase. Others however, limit the scope of the idea or concept, they simply subdue its size or scope due to their own inhibitions or lack of confidence in their ability to execute the idea to action. Successful thinkers are able to see a concept in their mind, to visualize it in its entirety, to see it at the point of success or fulfillment. Think about what was just said, they visualize the end goal, and in their minds it is already done. They possess an ability to visualize things as they can be, and not as they presently are. They are in fact visionaries.
Characteristics Of A Successful Thinker Successful thinkers also do not allow lack to inhibit the process; they work around it, or adapt the execution process as the various obstacles are encountered. Everyone is naturally creative to some degree when we are children. Unfortunately as we grow older, we tend to become programmer, we take on a common perspective and we become increasingly risk-averse. Successful thinkers and creative people are not more intelligent or have a better education (actually high intelligence can inhibit the creative thinking process) than others, they simply believe they will be successful. Successful thinkers solve problems efficiently, and they are never without ideas and concepts for building organizations and solving tasks, they are driven by a hope for a better future. Individuals who develop the process of successful thinking can make their own paths in life, even while under situations and living arrangements of great duress.
Successful thinkers exhibit and adhere to similar characteristics: They Expose Themselves to Good Input Successful thinkers are always thinking and calculating new and improvised concepts and ideas. They are searching for a starting point on the creative process. They review magazines, listen to CD’s, and communicate with other individuals who have (often times) an entrepreneurial spirit. Exposure To Like Minded People The concept directly lifted from the book of Proverbs stated clearly that “Iron Sharpeneth Iron”, or simply put, people sharpen people by direct dialogue and the exchanging of ideas and concepts. Positive Thoughts Keeping the creative process focused, and to stop it from becoming derailed with the various obstacles that one encounters, it is imperative to remain positive. When a scenario of “I Can’t” is encountered, work through the creative process so as to obtain a clearer description of what I Can’t looks like.
Successful thinkers exhibit and adhere to similar characteristics: Immediate Action Successful thoughts come and go rapidly, and successful thinkers possess the ability to conceptualize something and lay out a roadmap or “mental triage” rapidly. 11 Keys to Successful Thinking: Cultivate Big-Picture Thinking Engage in Focused Thinking Harness Creative Thinking Employ Realistic Thinking Utilize Strategic Thinking Explore Possibility Thinking Learn from Reflective Thinking Question Popular Thinking Benefit from Shared Thinking Practice Unselfish Thinking Rely on Bottom-Line Thinking Across various websites that I reviewed, there were activities and traits that many “Success Thinkers” utilized or exhibited, these were tabulated on Howard Eisenberg’s article:
Successful thinkers exhibit and adhere to similar characteristics: Extra-curricular activities Explore new subjects by experimenting with different categories of magazines, journals, books, courses, movies, and Web sites. Play with creative problem-solving exercises and intellectually challenging games. Try new hobbies which differ from your past experiences or currently known talents. Socialize with people outside your conventional occupational and social circles. Browse in a variety of stores, being on the lookout for new toys and trends. Vacation off the beaten path to new places, and by means of different types of transportation. Seek new things to do, and new ways of doing familiar things. Curiosity Change your physical perspective by occasionally rearranging your personal furnishings and office layout. Take daydream breaks. Allow yourself to observe whatever spontaneously floats up into your consciousness. Be open to what you can learn from children.
Successful thinkers exhibit and adhere to similar characteristics: Curiosity Explore the various options in your locale, such as other neighborhoods, ethnic restaurants, and different radio and television programs. Ask more questions about other people’s experiences, interests, and opinions. Be more open to change and serendipity. Risk-taking Recognize and free yourself from self-limiting assumptions, (for instance, negative self-talk such as "I’m not creative" and "It’s too foolish"). Allow yourself to be more spontaneous and less concerned about other people’s opinions. Try making some 10-second decisions on minor matters, such as selecting clothing and books. Initiate more discussions with strangers. Experiment with wearing very different styles of clothes. Follow your intuitive hunches.
Mental Exercises Mental Exercises are performed to stimulate the thinking process, memory enhancement, and knowledge retention. Mental exercise is a very efficient nootropic to prevent deterioration of cognition. For instance, it is a major prevention method of Alzheimer's disease.  It is known that consistent mental exercises will in fact increase a persons ability and speed to comprehend new concepts and ultimately solve problems. Just like physical exercise your ability to solve problems and retain knowledge will atrophy if exercises are not performed regularly and consistently. Just as exercise takes time to see the results, so does mental exercising. There are several methods widely used for mental exercising. Concentration Hypnosis Recordings are used by the United States government and the top schools across the country.  Concentration Real Time Exercises used academically in many places across all demographics:
Mental Exercises Exercise 1 Open a book and count the words in a paragraph. Perform the counting mentally and only with your eyes, without pointing your finger at each word. Count the words in the paragraph again to make sure you counted correctly. Start with one paragraph and then when it becomes easier, count the words in an entire page. Exercise 2 Count backwards in your mind from one hundred to one. Exercise 3 Count in your mind from one hundred to one, skipping each three numbers, that is 100, 97, 94, etc. Exercise 4 Choose an inspiring word, or just a simple sound, and repeat it silently in your mind for five minutes. When your mind can concentrate more easily, try to reach ten minutes of uninterrupted concentration.
Mental Exercises Exercise 5 Take any fruit, an apple for example, and look at it from all sides. Simply concentrate on the fruit in front of you and keep your mind free of any and all thoughts. Just look at it, see it, smell it and touch it. Exercise 6 Start with exercise 5 for five minutes, and then visualize the fruit with your eyes closed. Try to see, feel, taste, and smell the fruit in your imagination. Try to see a clear and well defined image. If difficulties arise open your eyes, look at the fruit, close them again and continue the exercise. Exercise 7 Take a small simple object such as a spoon, a fork, or a glass. Concentrate on one of these objects. Concentrate on the object from all sides and keep your mind free of any and all thoughts. Exercise 8 Draw a small geometrical figure, about three inches in size, such as a triangle, a rectangular or a circle, paint it with any color you wish, and concentrate on it. Concentrate on the figure and keep your mind free of any and all thoughts.
Mental Exercises Exercise 9 The same as number 8, only this time visualize the figure with the eyes closed. As before, if you forget how the figure looks like, open your eyes for a few seconds and watch the figure and then close your eyes and continue with the exercise. Exercise 10 The same as in exercise 9 but the eyes are open. Exercise 11 Keep your mind free of any and all thoughts for five minutes. This exercise should only be attempted after all the previous ones have been performed successfully. The previous exercises, if practiced correctly, will endow you with the ability to impose silence on your thoughts. The more your practice the easier it will get.
Mental Exercises There is such a wide array of theories, tests, and positions that it is simply impossible to list them all. There is a wealth of information available to mental exercise seekers, and with so many options available there is bound to be a method that works for everyone.
Behavioral Exercises Behavioral Exercises Behavioral exercises are used for many purposes and involve both verbal and non verbal methods, and are often in a clinical setting. Subjects are taught how to be aware of the connection between one's cognitions, mood, and behavior. By means of written homework, the subject monitors the negative thought patterns, examines the evidence for or against the distorted conclusions, and learns how to substitute more reality-oriented beliefs. The procedure has the patient keep a log of daily activities and mood. The patient is also encouraged to complete a series of challenging tasks, starting with very easy ones, and working up to more difficult ones. Behavioral exercises are done in one of many fashions:
Behavioral Exercises Cognitive Strategies Are employed to probe for problematic thinking styles and attitudes that often contribute to unpleasant feelings and self-defeating behaviors. Behavioral Strategies Such as autogenic training, systematic desensitization, hypnosis, graded flooding, extinction, and relaxation training are used to manage a variety of behavioral and physiological problems. Biofeedback Procedures are also available for handling stress-related psychophysiological disorders dealing with cardiac, gastrointestinal, dermatological, musculature, neurological, stress and anxiety, and vascular problems. Behavioral exercises very much border psychological testing, evaluation and treatment and are often classified as cognitive exercises and or treatment.
Identifying Roadblocks to Success (Procrastination) "Procrastination is avoiding doing something. Procrastination is not being able to getting started. It's reading a book. It's color coordinating your shelves." - Procrastination, Johnny Kelly
Identifying Roadblocks to Success Having a list of tasks that doesn’t get completed Placing high priority on tasks that are of low importance i.e. Email or phone calls Using distracters as avoidance i.e. music, television
Roadblocks to avoid Studying or working in a noisy environment Not setting aside time for important tasks Using low-priority tasks as an excuse to not complete important tasks Avoiding important tasks because you don’t like them
Remedies to Roadblocks Choose a quiet environment to study or work in if you cannot find one, use ear plugs. Use a say planner for deadlines and create curriculum maps for important assignments or tasks Set aside time in your day planner every day to answer Emails or calls Use a rewards system for completing difficult tasks i.e. Did well on a midterm? Reward yourself.
Successful Habits to End Procrastination Assess Plan Edit Complete
Successful Habits to End Procrastination Assess When beginning a new task take a moment and read the directions. Pause for a moment and reflect upon what is being asked of you.
Successful Habits to End Procrastination Plan When planning how best to complete your task, create a curriculum map or completion calendar. A curriculum map or completion calendar will give you a visual aid to track your success by.
Successful Habits to End Procrastination Edit When you have amassed your resources take time to read through the information you have gathered. After you have written a rough draft edit out the portions that are unnecessary.
Successful Habits to End Procrastination Complete Completion now looks to be the easy part doesn’t it?! Now that you have assessed, planned, and edited your task it is complete.
Tools for success Creative and Critical Thinking Characteristics of a Successful Thinker Mental/ Behavioral exercises to enhance successful thinking Identifying and busting through roadblocks to successful thinking
Seth’s Resources Johnny Kelly (Director). (2007). Procrastination [Video]. Cartoonbrew.com Dr. Clayton E. Tucker-Ladd (1997) Psychological self-help. Mental Help Net. http://www.psychologicalselfhelp.org/Chapter4/chap4_76.html Helping Your Student Avoid Procrastination (2009). UniversityParent.com
Ashlei’s Resources Bryant, J. Jenkins, C. Perkins, A. Reetz, C. Von Balson, K. (2008) Strategies for success in College Career & Life. Florida State College at Jacksonville. McGraw Hill www.asa3.org WWW.CriticalThinking.Org WWW.CreativeReading.Com WWW.MindTools.Com WWW.VirtualSalt.Com
Christian’s Resources Dr. Howard Eisenberg (Writer). (1998). Become a Creative Breakthrough Thinker: Increase Your Value to Your Organization http://www.syntrek.com/article2.html John Maxwell (Writer). (2009). How Successful People Think. http://johnmaxwellonleadership.com/2009/06/08/how-successful-people-think/ Bonnie Holscher (Writer). (No Date Specified). Thinking Big - Three Characteristics Of A Big Thinker http://ezinearticles.com/?Thinking-Big---Three-Characteristics-Of-A-Big-Thinker&id=609199 Website Wikipedia (Verghese J, Lipton R, Katz M, Hall C, Derby C, KuslanskyG, Ambrose A, Sliwinski M, Buschke H). (2003). Mental Exercise http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_exercise Website Effective Learning Systems (Company). (2009). Concentration http://www.efflearn.com/product_info.php/cPath/46/products_id/24
Effective Note Taking System The Cornell Note- Taking System is a wonderful study system because it allows you to convert lecture notes into study notes. The way to do this is to divide a piece of paper into “a wide column and a narrow column with a 2” block extending across the bottom of the page” (Auburn). The wide column is for notes taken during class, the narrow column is for key words, and the bottom of the page is for a summary of all the material (Auburn). According to the CAL Poly Student Academic Services there are no disadvantages to this method. In fact, it is even referred to as a “Do It Right In the First Place” system. (Cook). I would recommend this note taking system because it allows notes to be made clear and organized for easy study.
Effective Memory Strategy Mnemonics are a wonderful study tool because they are tricks used to memorize anything from names to data. An example of mnemonics would be “Every Good Boy Deserves Fun,” which is a sentence used to “remember the order of the G-clef notes on sheet music—E,G,B,D,F” (Keeley). Another trick of mnemonics is to come up with a jingle that contains the information a person needs to know. Having done this myself I can say that this is a wonderful memory strategy that makes complicated material easier to remember.
Test Taking Strategies These suggestions for obtaining the best results for taking a test are in order of importance. If you follow these steps you will make the best grade possible on all your tests. 1. Take excellent notes; Use a method of note taking that is best suited for your learning style
2. Review your notes for at least 5 to 10 min each day 3. Review previous tests and create a mock test for yourself
4. Find out what kind of test you will be taking: Multiple choice, True/ False, Essay
5. Ask your instructor what will be on the test, If they are not willing to review the test you should pay attention to:
Everyone has a little text anxiety. Don’t feel you are the only one. The best way to alleviate test anxiety it to feel you are prepared for the test.
If you know you are well prepared for the test you have nothing to worry about. Cramming causes anxiety. Follow your “Test Taking Strategies” Exercise regularly Get a good nights sleep Eat a light breakfast before your test Arrive early for the test Find a comfortable place to sit Bring a jacket Don’t talk to students who are not prepared and show their anxiety. Use relaxation techniques that work for you:
Does Ethics and Integrity go hand in hand? As a new college student you are about to embark on another chapter in life. Your life will be filled with many things you have not experienced before. New challenges will require you to make some important decisions. The following information will assist you in being successful in school and life: Integrity and honor are very similar and I thought I'd list some of the definitions for each at their respective lens. Honor: A firm adherence to a code of especially moral or artistic values. Integrity implies trustworthiness and incorruptibility to a degree that one is incapable of being false to a trust, responsibility, or pledge. (Merriam-Webster)
“The ability to make yourself do what you should do, when you should do it, whether you feel like it or not."(Hubbard) - Elbert Hubbard, 1856-1915, American writer, publisher, artist, and philosopher
Ethics Ethics refers to standards of conduct, standards that indicate how one should behave based on moral duties and virtues, which themselves are derived from principles of right and wrong. (Portman) Ethics will help you determine how you view the importance of your education. The choice of a career can set the code of conduct and standards to carry the rest of your life. Does Ethics and Integrity go hand in hand? Yes!!! As you take this next step, remember to always be honest.
Integrity We must maintain our integrity at all times. This means to think things through. The opportunity to take short cut will be made available to you,(remember your character will guide you) keep your Integrity.” If there is one thing in life I have learned, it is the basic fact that in the end, there is only one person and one thing in this world that you can control. That is, of course, yourself.”(Mier)
References integrity. (2010). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved April 20, 2010, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/integrity
Hubbard, Elbert (2009) Retrieved April 20, 2010 from http://www.squidoo.com/AvenusetoSuccess-integrity#module90804301
Golda Meir, Israeli Prime Minister 1969-1975 (2009) Retrieved April 20, 2010 from http://www.squidoo.com/AvenusetoSuccess-integrity#module90804301 Portman, Stephanie (2003) Retrieved April 20, 2010, from http://sun.menloschool.org/~sportman/ethics/definition.html Auburn University English Center (2003). Cornell Note-Taking System. Retrieved March 19, 2010, from http://media.cla.auburn.edu/english/ec/handouts/cornell system.pdf CAL Poly Student Academic Services (2010). Study Skills Library: Note taking systems-The Cornell Method. Retrieved March 19, 2010, from http://sas.calpoly.edu/asc/ssl/notetaking.systems.html Cook Counseling Center (1994). The Cornell System. Retrieved March 19, 2010, from http://www.ucc.vt.edu/stdysk/cornell.html
Intelegen Inc. (2010). Mnemonic Techniques and Specific Memory. Retrieved March 26, 2010, from http://www.web-us.com/memory/mnemonics_techniques.htm Keeley, M. (2010). Mnemonics-Memory Techniques. Retrieved March 26, 2010, from http://www.bucks.edu/~specpop/mnemonics.htm Mnemonics. (2010). In Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved March 26, 2010, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mnemonics Bryant, Jane (2008) Strategies for Success in college, Career, and Life, Second Edition, FCCJ, McGraw Hill. Landsberger, Joe, Study Guides and Strategies. (1996) Tips for Better Test Taking. Retrieved April 19th, 2010, From http://www.studygs.net/tsttak1.htm Concordia University, Teacher Vision. (2000). Top Ten Test-Taking Tips for Students. Retrieved April 19th, 2010. From http://www.teachervision.fen.com/study-skills/teaching-methods/6390.html
Effective Communicators Michelle Pisano Kelley Soly George Coleman
Communication Skills What is communication you ask? Communication is the sharing of information between people. You have two different types of communication. There is verbal communication and non-verbal communication. Verbal communication requires language skills and involves speaking and listening. Some examples of verbal communication include but are not limited to letters, text messaging, and sending emails. Those are only some of the ways that verbal communication occurs, there is many more. On the other hand you have non-verbal communication. Non-verbal communication is exactly opposite of verbal communication. Non-verbal is more of using body language or the use of gestures. Some types of non-verbal communication are harder to spot than others. Here are some pointers to help you become a little more aware of non-verbal communication: Observe position of other person’s body Observe other persons movements Watch the other persons facial expressions With every type of communication comes is cons. This is what brings us to barriers and roadblocks to effective communication. The barriers and roadblocks cause a harder time with communication. Some examples of this are as follows: Stereotyping the speaker Language differences Giving advice Interrupting the speaker
Roadblocks and barriers do nothing but hinder and block communication from being received. The next type of communication you will most certainly use in the future is communicating with professors and supervisors. Of course you should try to be as polite and formal as possible. Here are a couple of tips of how to be successful in these tricky circumstances: Make an appointment Be on time Show respect Do your research Treat these types of people as though you would treat your elders or a queen, with the upmost respect.
Next in line comes the communication style trio. The first type of communication style also knows as the most effective style would be passive. This type of person wants to avoid conflict by any means necessary. The second style would be the aggressive communication. Aggressive style can be good for some areas such as sports and war, but other than that it’s not the most preferred style. If you have an aggressive communication style you will have a hard time with relationships in life. The last style would have to be assertive. This is considered the border line between both styles. This person shows characteristics of both styles. People with the assertive styles are more expressing their needs and rights, positive or negative without violating the rights and limits of others. These types of people have a strong ambition in and life and shoot for all their goals.
Valuing Diversity By now you have realized that this chapter deals with communication, a key ingredient in the success of a person’s college experience and in life. It is one of the most, if not the most important skill a person can and should master. In achieving effective communication skills, we learn about team work, conflict resolution, diversity in the work force, stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination as well as consensus decision making. By the time you read to the end of this unit, you should be able to understand diversity, and how it relates to social and work situations. Ok, here we go, read on! PREJUDICE-DISCRIMINATION-STEROTYPING-DIVERSITY Do you know the meaning of these words? Let’s start with prejudice, I know what you’re thinking, of course you know what they mean, but did you know that every time you assume something about a person without the facts you are acting in a prejudice manor? One cannot assume anything about a person based on appearance or color of skin, or a number of other trivial things that do not make up a persons thoughts or ideals. There is a story about a young woman who opened a retail store a number of years ago and upon opening one morning she had a women come in who she wasn’t quite sure what to make of. This woman was dressed in dirty, tattered clothes, her hair was mussed up, she didn’t carry a purse, and she held in her hand a small pouch. The young woman greeted the older lady with a smile and a good morning! Clearly the older woman was surprised by the kindness of the younger woman; she went on to talk to her about her needs and why she came into the shop that day. Two hours later, the elderly lady left, after spending $500.00 and signing a contract to have a great deal of landscaping done around her 3o acre estate and more in her very large stately home by the young lady’s company. Upon leaving she turned to the store owner and said, “thank you for being so kind to me, I walk in and out of three other stores because they treated me as though I were beneath them”!¹ This true story shows a person that you cannot and must not judge a book by its cover. This woman was discriminated against because she wasn’t dressed in a manor that some might think deserved their attention. She looked a bit like one might think a homeless person might look. No one wanted to talk to her never mind entertain the idea of selling her anything. We are all guilty of it, stereotyping that is. We have a picture in our mind of how a person “should” look and we allow that to cloud or logic and reasoning.
Now let’s talk about diversity. Diversity means have a variety of differences. Our workforce here in America is a diverse one. According to the labor force statistics report of 2008, our US workforce is a diverse one. With white workers making up 66.3%, blacks making up 63.7%, Asians account for 67%, and Hispanics make up 68.5% of our workforce in 2008.² With such a diverse workforce not to mention population, one must let go of the stereotypes and prejudices learned throughout the years. Some learn it because of their parents; others in school when seeing a child get picked on because he or she is “different”. Prejudice attitudes come for many reasons skin color, religion, fear, insecurity, what ever the reason we can change our thought processes and stop the future generations from carrying on where past generations left off. How, you ask? Knowledge is a good start, getting involved and learning about other cultures within our world and country can help to open our minds and hearts. Value our diverse world; recognizing the positive influences other cultures have on our country, communities, and work environments promotes a healthy creative way of problem solving. Stop the vicious cycle of prejudice behaviors and stereotyping, ask yourself “can this statement hurt another person” before you say it or act upon it. One can’t hate because they fear, nor can we act on the fear and commit hate crimes. Most importantly one must want to make oneself more aware and less critical of others. No one can do it for you; you must make the changes yourself. Diversity is what makes our country great and it is what helped to found our vary principles from the start, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”.³ “Whether you are in the classroom or the boardroom, you will be interacting with individuals who are different from you in many ways.” Hopefully you will choose to value these individuals’ unique differences and their varying perspectives.
How to Build Effective Teams Teamwork is the capability to comprehend and recognize the diverse strengths and abilities in a group setting and then applying them to one final solution. The main way to establish effective communication is to build an effective team. The eight step to building an effective team with great communication are: Step 1: Find team members who share a common goal! Anyone can just find team members, but in order to have an effective team, you need group members that want to accomplish some of the same goals that you do. The goals can consist of earning a certain grade, finishing by a dead line, or just having the same interest in mind. You do not want members on your team who do not have any similar goals because you will be just wasting time while your team struggles to find common ground. Not having any common ground in a team will lead to communication barriers. Communication barriers are: noise, poor feedback, selection of inappropriate media, a wrong mental attitude, insufficient or lack of attention to work selection, delay in message transmittal, physical separation of the sender and receiver, and lack of empathy. Step 2: Picking a good leader! In order to establish good teamwork you need a team leader. The team leader is a person who basically makes sure the team stays on track, and manages any conflicts that come up. Even though you have a team leader and effective team should have some form of shared leadership. This way different members get to show their responsibility, talent, and interests. Step 3: Finding an open atmosphere to work! Who really wants to work in a cramped and messy atmosphere? It is important to find a good relaxed atmosphere for your team to meet and work. A good atmosphere will make team members feel relaxed and this will keep their tension down. It is a well known fact that typically people perform better in a good atmosphere, than in a bad one.
Step 4: Making effective team decisions! You must be able to make effective decisions as a team; it is one of the most important steps to forming an effective team. The best way to make decisions is to use the decision making process. The decision making process is where you and your team members share ideas and information with each other. Then the team collectively takes all the decisions and information the team came up with and makes a floor plan to the team project. The floor plan is where you decide who is doing what task for the team project. Step 5: Holding team members accountable! No one person on any effective team should be doing all the work of a group. This is why each team member should be held accountable for their portion of the teams work load. Accountable means that team members should arrive on time, participate in all team activities, and listen to a variety of ideas. Although team members should be required to carry their own weight, teams should still never be afraid to ask question, share information, and check with the consensus of the team for new ideas. Step 6: Limit distractions and team member’s negative behaviors! Usually when members of a team get stuck or have problems with their portion of the work load they may begin to cause distractions. Distractions are things that move the team away from their goals like, interrupting other members, gossiping, and nitpicking with other members. Distractions are sometimes unavoidable but need to be dissolved as soon as possible because they can lead to conflict and slow the team’s progress down. Step 7: Summarize! Now that you have any conflict that occurred resolved and in wraps, it’s time to do the summary phase of effective teamwork. This is were your team members meet with their finished product in hand and come together to share what they have done. Then the team converts all work into a polished final copy to show case what they accomplished. Step 8: The presentation! The presentation is showing and explaining the content of a topic to an audience or learner. In any project you need to be able to produce a presentation that will show how hard your team worked to make your project. If you incorporate these steps into creating a team, you will surely have an effective team that will communicate greatly.
Sources www. Angelfire.com www.web4health.info Text book SLS Sirius, second edition ¹ Simply KJ’s Floral Design & Landscaping, 1985, New Hampshire ² http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsrace2008.pdf
Bryant, J., Jenkins, C., Perkins, C., Reetz, C., & Balson, K.V. (2008). Strategies for Success in College, Career, and Life. Crystal Lake, I.L.: Florida State College
Personal Health & Wellness Created By: Kevin Green Caree Lee Denneen Rawls Guaranteed 4.0 Publishing Co.-Team Synergy
Personal Health & Wellness Topics Covered: Diet & Nutrition Routine Checkups & Screenings Fitness & Exercise Stress Management
Diet & Nutrition – Eating What Counts Personal Health & Wellness Diet & Nutrition are a vital part of your life as a student. Committing to healthy eating will add to your motivation and energy in the classroom. In order to establish a diet that gets you the healthy results you desire, you must first understand food groups. What Are Food Groups? Food Groups are foods that are grouped together when they share similar nutritional properties. You may have grown up with the "Basic 4": dairy group, meat group, grain group, and the fruits and vegetables group. As nutrition science has changed, so have these food groups. Lets find out more!
Personal Health & Wellness What Are The Basic Food Groups?
Personal Health & Wellness How much of each food group should I eat?
Drink Water! Why do I need to drink enough water each day? You need water to replace what your body loses through normal everyday functions. Of course, you lose water when you go to the bathroom or sweat, but you even lose small amounts of water when you exhale. You need to replace this lost water to prevent dehydration Your body also needs more water when you are— In hot climates. More physically active. Running a fever. What does water do in my body? Water helps your body with the following: Keeps its temperature normal. Lubricates and cushions your joints. Protects your spinal cord and other sensitive tissues. Gets rid of wastes through urination, perspiration, and bowel movements. Personal Health & Wellness
Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins are organic substances (made by plants or animals), minerals are inorganic elements that come from the earth; soil and water and are absorbed by plants. Animals and humans absorb minerals from the plants they eat. Vitamins and minerals are nutrients that your body needs to grow and develop normally. Vitamins and minerals, have a unique role to play in maintaining your health. For example Vitamin D helps your body absorb the amount of calcium (a mineral) it needs to form strong bones. A deficiency in vitamin D can result in a disease called rickets (softening of the bones caused by the bodies inability to absorb the mineral calcium.) The body cannot produce calcium; therefore, it must be absorbed through our food. Other minerals like chromium, copper, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc are called trace minerals because you only need very small amounts of them each day. The best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of foods. You can usually get all your vitamins from the foods you eat. Personal Health & Wellness
Personal Health & Wellness Routine Checkups & Screenings Regular checkups are a valuable tool in maintaining good health. Taking proper care of your health at the right time can prevent a lot of problems in the future. It's good to find out that you have a problem, before it is too late to cure it. So appropriate tests should be done at the right time! Basic factors of a routine exam can include:
Routine Checkups & Screenings Everyone should have preventive health care regardless of age at least once a year or unless instructed otherwise by medical profession. This type of care is typically reimbursed by your insurance company, because they know keeping you healthy saves money in the long run. You don’t have to have insurance to be seen, some health clinics take self pay patients and different payment option plans as well. Preventative health care scientifically proven not only to save lives but it helps maintain your body function. Your physical health might possibly determine the sort of career you decide to pursue. Preventive health care may discover hidden health problems and with treatment prevent them from causing long-term illnesses Personal Health & Wellness “I can’t express enough the importance of getting a physical examination once a year. It helps promote longer life span. It reduces the number of sick days you take at work or school and it lowers your doctor and prescription bills” -Local Physician
Choosing a Physician…… Here are a few things to take in consideration when establishing a PCP (Primary Care Provider): - Office hours - Office location - Is the office staff friendly and helpful? - Provide pre surgical clearance - Admit you to a hospital, if needed - Are they see you in emergency situations so that you can avoid using the ER for non emergency care (save: time/money) Personal Health & Wellness
Fitness & Exercise Regular exercise is vital to help maintain good health. Exercise burns up extra calories in food and reduces the likelihood of these being converted into fat. Regular exercise makes you fit, gives a general sense of well- being, improves appetite and sleep and makes the heart and circulation, lungs and respiration work more efficiently. Exercise carried out for about 20 minutes three times a week is beneficial for the body. Physical Fitness can be measured in various aspects such as your balance, stamina, strength and flexibility. It is often assessed by measuring heart rate after exercise. Fitness can also be measured in terms of the strength of specific muscles required to perform a task such as lifting weights. optimal Physical fitness requires both aerobic exercise and muscle – strengthening exercises. Personal Health & Wellness
Fitness & Exercise Exercise refreshes your body and clears it of toxins and cellular garbage, sharpening your mind and giving you strength and energy. Like water, when our bodies are stagnant, they become a breeding ground for disease. Walking is a good form of exercise. The problem with today's society is that we ride everywhere we need to go. If we would just take time and walk to the close places we need to go or even early mornings or late nights, we would feel so much better and have less obesity in our country today. Studies show that approximately one-third of cancer deaths can be linked to diet and sedentary lifestyles. Simple movement and exercise decrease the risk of certain cancers such as breasts, colon, and possibly endometrial and prostate cancers.(Don Colbert, MD) Exercise rests your heart, an inactive persons heart works much harder than an active persons heart because it is unconditioned and less efficient. Exercise helps prevent many diseases and keep excess weight off. It improves the immune system, helps to maintain normal blood pressure, conditions the heart, and prevents heart disease. The antioxidant intervention, which can come from taking antioxidant supplements or from a steady routine of exercise, slows parts of the aging process.(ChristiaanLeeuwenburgh) Exercise tones the muscles, improves digestion, promotes frequent bowel movements, promote mental health, and even improves the memory. Exercise is the key to having a healthier body and lifestyle, just by simply taking 20 minutes out of our busy days we can promote good health in our bodies, after all if we take care of our bodies, in return our bodies will take care of us. Personal Health & Wellness
Fitness & Exercise Personal Health & Wellness Here are some examples of activities you can do:
Stress Management Personal Health & Wellness Stress can be defined as a state of physical and mental tension caused by certain external or internal factors in a person's life. The art of stress management is to keep yourself at a level of stimulation that is healthy and enjoyable. Life without stimulus would be incredibly dull and boring. Life with too much stimulus becomes unpleasant and tiring, and may ultimately damage your health or well-being. Too much stress can seriously interfere with your ability to perform effectively. By analyzing the likely causes of stress, you will be able to plan your responses to likely forms of stress. As a student, you are constantly under pressure to meet timeframes and deadlines for assignments. In addition, many people who are students also have outside contributing stressors. Some may include marriage, children, full time jobs. It is often difficult to balance all of these things at once.
Symptoms of Stress Personal Health & Wellness
Ways To Reduce Stress Identify causes of stress. Make honest assessments whether stress is related to your home and family, work or other relationship. Share your thoughts and feelings with your loved ones. Discuss the causes of stress, openly with those concerned. Try to avoid unpleasant situations. Realize that there are other people experiencing problems similar to yours. Simplify your life. Manage time and conserve energy. Make time for hobbies, recreational and social activities which will help divert attention away from problems. Follow a regular exercise program. Practice a relaxation routine involving exercises, breathing patterns and meditations. Seek help from professional organizations or self-help groups which offers support and advise. Try to stay healthy. Avoid drugs and alcohol. Personal Health & Wellness
References- Works Cited Author, Suni Systems (P) Ltd -2000. “Staying Healthy” http://www.webindia123.com/health/fitness/index.htm Author, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Prevention and Health Promotion-August 10, 2009 “Nutrition for Everyone” http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/index.html Author, Kristin Harmel & ChristiaanLeeuwenburgh-January 25, 1999 “UF Researcher Finds Way To Slow The Aging Process” http://news.ufl.edu/1999/01/25/aging-2/ Clip Art, 2010 Microsoft Corporation http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/clipart/default.aspx
Discovering Your Future Manual for SLS1103 Spring 2010 Jamie Reed (Team Leader) Paul Tesh
Kelly Jenkins As we continue with this manual it is beneficial for some to use a real person as an example, so here we will introduce Kelly Jenkins; Kelly Jenkins is 25 working at her Dad’s construction company full-time while also volunteering as a candy striper at the local hospital. She has reached a crossroads in her life where she has to decide on staying with her Dad’s company or taking the opportunity to go college. She enjoys the ease of her job but also likes to help people.
Kelly’s Interests Interests Interests in General “Interests are things you like to do or activities you prefer to do over something else.” In general people with in a certain work environment have similar interests. Helping people Volunteering
Work Environments There are 6 types of work environments: Realistic require the use of machines, tools, or materials examples are architects, farmers, and engineers Investigative require analytical, technical, scientific, and verbal competencies examples are lawyers, mathematicians, and professors
Work Environments (cont) Artistic require innovation or creative ability, emotionally expressive interaction with others examples are artists, musicians, and writers Social require interpersonal competencies, skill in mentoring, treating, healing, or teaching others examples are counselors, doctors, and teachers
Work Environments (cont) Enterprising require skills in persuasion and manipulation of others examples are management, marketing, and sales people Conventional require clerical skills, skills in meeting precise standards for performance examples are accountants, clerks, and editors
Kelly’s Skills Skills Skills in General Skills are an area in which you do well. Categorized as: Function/transferable-used in all jobs Work-specific- related to an occupation Adaptive/self-management- personal qualities Function skills- works well with others Work-specific skills- clerical experience Adaptive skills- caring and always willing to lend a helping hand
Extrinsic Values According to Wikipedia’s definition of values; “they are the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action.” Intrinsic Internal values such as independence, helping others, challenge, and leadership External values such as earnings potential
World of Work According to Dr. Dale Prediger all work can be described in terms of four basic works tasks in two dimensions Data/ideas Working with data involves facts, numbers, files and business procedures Working with ideas involves knowledge, insights, theories, and new ways of saying/doing something People/things Working with people involves care, services, leadership, and sales Working with things involves machines, tools, living things, and materials
Research your Career Options Keep the following in mind when researching possible career choices: Duties performed Training required Working conditions Skills required Outlook for the future Salary Related occupations
Your Career Options Finding Career Information A great tool is the Occupational Outlook Handbook, which has descriptions of many different occupations. It can be accessed at http://www.bls.gov/oco/
Another great way to gather information on career choices is to ask people! Talk to your family, friends, peers, or coworkers about possible career choices you are interested in.
Your Career Options (cont) Another way to gain career information is with experience. There are three different ways to go about this: Job shadowing Internship Volunteer Work
After collecting all the information from various sources you are ready to make a final career decision!
Choosing a Major “A college major is a primary field in which students will earn most of their college credits.” Study something you enjoy Do you have a “knack” for the area of study you choose Look towards the future such as graduate studies Research career options Meet with an advisor qualified to help in choosing a specific major
Kelly’s Choice Kelly knows that helping people gives her great satisfaction and already being a candy striper she knows she likes to help people medically so she starts to lean towards nursing. So Kelly went to www.careerpath.com and took a free career assessment, from this she solidifies her decision that nursing is a good career choice for her. After researching the nursing field on Florida State Colleges’ website she learns that “RNs constitute the largest healthcare occupation with 2.5 million jobs. 59% are in hospitals.”
Kelly’s Choice (cont) Next she spoke with an advisor at Florida State College and discussed her options in becoming a nurse. The advisor also tells her that full-time students receive their Associate’s Degree in two-years whereas part-time students receive it in four years. So now Kelly has chosen her Major and is on to completing her degree.
Completing a Degree General education requirements- General courses in math, humanities, sciences, and english. Students learn critical thinking and success strategies from these types of courses. Electives- Non-required courses of interest. Usually courses in music, theatre or art are considered electives. Major prerequisites- Courses required to be taken before core classes. Core requirements- Courses pertaining to your area of study Minimum credit hours- Amount of hours required to obtain a degree Minimum grade point average (GPA)- Grade averages from courses, the minimum acceptable to graduate
Goals Types of Goals Short-term goals are like action steps that will lead you to your long term goals. Long-term goals are what you would like to have or to become in your life. “Lifelong goals are long-term that extend beyond your academic career and cover as far out as the next fifty years.”
Long-term Kelly’s Goals Short-term Get into FSCJ Pass all pre-requisites Get accepted into Nursing Program Become a Licensed Registered Nurse
Action Plan Steps to writing an action plan: Clarify your goal Write a list of actions Analyze, prioritize, and prune Organize your list into a plan Monitor the execution of your plan and review the plan regularly
Mission Statement “A mission statement is a brief explanation of who you are, what you are about, and where you are headed. It is intended to inspire you and guide you to continue living a life with purpose.”
Mission Statement (cont) Mission Statements should give/be: Purpose of goals/dreams you desire Broad enough for creative growth Distinguish yourself and what makes you satisfied with your life-long goals Stated clearly for anyone to understand
Kelly’s Mission Statement In order to become a licensed registered nurse, I am going to attend Florida State College of Jacksonville and obtain an Associate’s Degree of Nursing. After graduating I plan on taking the National Council for Licensure Examination to become licensed. I want to accomplish these goals because I value people. I have always enjoyed helping people. I can accomplish these goals because I am determined to pursue a higher education and use the knowledge I gain to better other people’s lives.
Works Cited Bryant, J., Jenkins, C., Perkins, A., Reetz, C., & VoncBalson, K. (2008) Strategies for Success in College, Career, and Life. Boston, MA: McGraw Hill. How to Write an Action Plan. (2002). Retrieved from http://www.time-management-guide.com Meier, J.D. (2009). 6 Personality and Work Environment Types. Retrieved from http://sourcesofinsight.com Mission Statement. (2010) Retrieved from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org Nursing (R.N.) (Bridge Option for Paramedics and Licensed Practical Nurses) (2261) (A.S) (2010) Retrieved from http://floridastatecollegecatalog.fscj.edu