Schizophrenia
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Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Presentation Transcript

  • By: Andrew Miller
    Schizophrenia
    • Mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes of emotional responsiveness.
    • Auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction. View slide
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4R6jln_eZg
    What is Schizophrenia?
    View slide
    • People with a family history of schizophrenia who suffer a transient or self-limiting psychosis have a 20-40% chance of being diagnosed one year later
    • Greatest risk for developing schizophrenia is having a first-degree relative with the disease
    • Environmental factors associated with the development of schizophrenia include the living environment, drug use and prenatal stressors
    • Drugs have been associated with the development of schizophrenia including cannabis, cocaine and amphetamines
    • Some prenatal factors may result in a slight increase in the risk of schizophrenia later in life
    Causes
    • Bizarre movements that show less of a reaction to the environment
    • False beliefs or thoughts that are not based in reality (delusions)
    • Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations)
    • Problems paying attention
    • Thoughts “jump” between unrelated topics
    • Paranoid, anxious, angry or argumentative, and falsely believe that others are trying to harm them or their loved ones
    Symptoms
    • Psychiatrist should perform evaluation to make the diagnosis
    • No medical tests for schizophrenia exist. Following factors may suggest a schizophrenia diagnosis, but do not confirm it:
    Course of illness and how long symptoms have lasted
    Changes from level of function before illness
    Developmental background
    Genetic and family history
    Response to medication
    • CT scans of the head and other imaging techniques may find some changes that occur with schizophrenia and may rule out other disorders
    Signs and Tests
    • Medications
    Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia
    Long-term risks of antipsychotic medications include a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (people development movements they can’t control, especially around the mouth)
    Clozapine is the most effective medication for schizophrenia symptoms
    Treatment
    • Thirty minute of moderate physical activity on most or all days of the week is a good goal to aim for
    • Exercise can help improve mental health
    • Research has found that exercise programs improved mental state for measures including anxiety and depression, when compared to standard care
    • Research is rather new in this field and exercise prescription is very limited, more rigorous research is being called for
    Exercise as a form of Treatment
  • Wiley-Blackwell (2010, May 12). Schizophrenia: Regular exercise guidelines still apply.ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100511192250.htm
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/
    Sources