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Schizophrenia
 

Schizophrenia

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    Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Presentation Transcript

    • By: Andrew Miller
      Schizophrenia
      • Mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes of emotional responsiveness.
      • Auditory hallucinations, paranoid or bizarre delusions, or disorganized speech and thinking, and it is accompanied by significant social or occupational dysfunction.
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4R6jln_eZg
      What is Schizophrenia?
      • People with a family history of schizophrenia who suffer a transient or self-limiting psychosis have a 20-40% chance of being diagnosed one year later
      • Greatest risk for developing schizophrenia is having a first-degree relative with the disease
      • Environmental factors associated with the development of schizophrenia include the living environment, drug use and prenatal stressors
      • Drugs have been associated with the development of schizophrenia including cannabis, cocaine and amphetamines
      • Some prenatal factors may result in a slight increase in the risk of schizophrenia later in life
      Causes
      • Bizarre movements that show less of a reaction to the environment
      • False beliefs or thoughts that are not based in reality (delusions)
      • Hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there (hallucinations)
      • Problems paying attention
      • Thoughts “jump” between unrelated topics
      • Paranoid, anxious, angry or argumentative, and falsely believe that others are trying to harm them or their loved ones
      Symptoms
      • Psychiatrist should perform evaluation to make the diagnosis
      • No medical tests for schizophrenia exist. Following factors may suggest a schizophrenia diagnosis, but do not confirm it:
      Course of illness and how long symptoms have lasted
      Changes from level of function before illness
      Developmental background
      Genetic and family history
      Response to medication
      • CT scans of the head and other imaging techniques may find some changes that occur with schizophrenia and may rule out other disorders
      Signs and Tests
      • Medications
      Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia
      Long-term risks of antipsychotic medications include a movement disorder called tardive dyskinesia (people development movements they can’t control, especially around the mouth)
      Clozapine is the most effective medication for schizophrenia symptoms
      Treatment
      • Thirty minute of moderate physical activity on most or all days of the week is a good goal to aim for
      • Exercise can help improve mental health
      • Research has found that exercise programs improved mental state for measures including anxiety and depression, when compared to standard care
      • Research is rather new in this field and exercise prescription is very limited, more rigorous research is being called for
      Exercise as a form of Treatment
    • Wiley-Blackwell (2010, May 12). Schizophrenia: Regular exercise guidelines still apply.ScienceDaily. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/05/100511192250.htm
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001925/
      Sources