Parkinson’s Disease and Exercise<br />By: Andrew Miller<br />
What is Parkinson’s Disease?<br />Disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination<br />Usually develops after age 50<br />One of the most common nervous system disorders of the orderly<br />Parkinson’s disease occurs when the nerve cells in the brain that make dopamine (controls muscle movement) are slowly destroyed<br />
What it is Cont’d<br />W/o dopamine, the brain cannot properly send messages to the muscles, thus the loss of muscle control<br />
Signs and Tests<br />Tremors, change in muscle tone, problems walking, unsteady posture<br />Difficulty starting or finishing voluntary movements<br />Jerky, stiff movements<br />Muscle atrophy<br />Variation in heart rate<br />
Quick video to show signs and symptoms<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rPI1J56VhV4<br />
Medications & Treatment<br />Medications<br />Levodopa<br />Pramipexole<br />Selegiline<br />Amantadine<br />Entacapone<br />Treatment<br />Medications to help increase the amount of dopamine in the brain<br />Exercise, good nutrition, physical therapy, good amounts of rest<br />Surgery is an option also for people with severe Parkinson’s<br />
Expectations if Untreated<br />Disorder will get worse until a person is totally disabled<br />Parkinson’s may lead to a deterioration of all brain functions, and an early death<br />
Complications with Parkinson’s that Occur<br />Difficulty with daily tasks<br />Trouble swallowing or eating<br />Disability<br />Injuries from falls<br />Side effects of medications<br />Michael J. Fox has raised millions for research for Parkinson’s disease<br />
Benefits of Exercise<br />Doctors used motion therapy and physical activity to help patients manage their symptoms<br />Research has shown that people with Parkinson’s who exercise regularly often see an improvement in balance and managing daily activities<br />Exercise can restore function lost to the disease<br />
Benefits Cont’d<br />Exercise can prevent the loss of independence that Parkinson’s takes from individuals living with the disease<br />Exercise can help Parkinson’s patients be able to enjoy daily activities and be able to enjoy life<br />Exercise also helps Parkinson’s patients keep a positive attitude especially since “depression is a common issue for Parkinson’s patients.”<br />
Types of Beneficial Exercise<br />Stretching<br />Stretching helps fight the rigidity of the muscles found in Parkinson’s<br />Strength Training<br />Can help fight balance and coordination problems, and can help increase bone strength the reduce fractures or broken bones in cases of falls<br />Aerobic<br />Help Parkinson’s patients to maintain overall health by keeping the heart and lungs strong<br />
Types of Exercise Cont’d<br />Aquatic<br />Buoyancy in water helps provide support for weak muscles, allows for Parkinson’s patients to move freely without the risk of falling<br />Aquatic exercise helps promote better range of motion, improve muscle tone, and reduction in stiffness and pain<br />Range of Motion Therapy<br />Helps patients maintain flexibility and mobility<br />Range-of-motion therapy requires patient to move his/her limbs in a full range<br />
Sources for More Information<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001762<br />http://www.everydayhealth.com/parkinsons-disease/exercising-with-parkinsons-disease.aspx<br />
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.