Social mobility oo5
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Social mobility oo5

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Social mobility oo5 Social mobility oo5 Presentation Transcript

  • PRESENTED BY AMMARA VIRK (BBA)
  • CONTENTS • Social Mobility • Open and Closed stratification system • Types of Social Mobility • Causes of Social Mobility • Effects of Social Mobility
  • Social Mobility Movements of individuals or groups from one position in a society’s stratification system to an other is called Social Mobility.
  • Types of Social Mobility • • • • Vertical Mobility Horizontal Mobility Intergenerational Mobility Intra-generational Mobility
  • Horizontal Mobility The movement of an individual from one social position to another of the same rank.
  • Vertical Mobility • The movement of an individual from one social position to another of a different rank. • e.g pilot become a lawyer. • Vertical mobility involves: 1-upword mobility 2-downward mobility
  • Intergenerational Mobility • Changes in the social position of children relative to their parents.
  • Intragenerational Mobility • Changes in social position within a person’s adult life.
  • Open stratification system • A social system in which the position of each individual is influenced by his or her achieved status. --Open systems encourage competition among members of society.
  • Negative effects Ethnic and culture problems • Unequal division of population • Unemployment • Increase in crime
  • Positive Effects • • • • • Betterment in living standard National unity is increased Projection of different ideas Tendency of personal freedom End of obsolete customs
  • Causes of Social Mobility • • • • • Geographical causes Political and Economic causes Desire of better living standard Desire of higher education Development of communication and media
  • Social Policy and Stratification • The Issue --Governments in all parts of the world are searching for the right solution to welfare. --How much subsidy should they provide? --How much responsibility should fall on the shoulders of the poor?
  • • The Setting – --In 1996, a historic “workfare” act was passed in the United States that ended the long-standing federal guarantee of assistance to every poor family that meets eligibility requirements. It required that all able-bodied adults work after two years of benefits. – --Other countries vary widely in their commitment to social service programs.
  • • Sociological Insights – --Many sociologists view the debate over welfare from a conflict perspective. – --From a conflict perspective, the backlash against welfare recipients reflects deep fears and hostility toward the nation’s urban and predominantly African American and Hispanic underclass. – --Tax breaks and other “corporate welfare” granted by the government for corporations should also be examined closely.
  • • Policy Initiatives – --There are some success stories in the new “workfare” program of the United States. – --However, it is too early to see how a dipping economy and prospects for the hard-core jobless will affect the program in the long run. – --Medical coverage and child care remain issues for the the working poor. – --In North America and Europe, solutions are often left to the private sector while government policy initiatives at the national level all but disappear.
  • Thank You Office Make Presentation much more fun