2. Aim and Objectives
• We can all help stop people being hurt or becoming ill
• The workshop is about doing good risk assessments
• Everyone can do it – there’s nothing to fear!
• By the end you should be able to:
• describe what TRIC CARD is and why we do it
• define key risk assessment terms
• carry out task risk assessment effectively
• record effective risk controls
3. ؏ HSE Consultancy- 12 years experience
؏ Perusing PhD in Operational Safety Management
؏ Associate Member International Institute of Risk & Safety Management IIRSM-UK
؏ Technician Member Institute of Occupational Safety & Health IOSH- UK
؏ Safety Training Specialist–International Association of Safety Professional USA IASP STS
؏ Safety Planning Specialist - International Association of Safety Professional USA IASP SPS
؏ Certified International Trainer – (CIPD – UK)
؏ OSHA Trainer
؏ Moody International Certification occupational health and safety systems – auditor / lead
auditor (OSHAS18001 & ISO 19011:2002)
؏ Started at the bottom in HSE, worked up into Senior HSE role
؏ Oil Industry, Manufacturing, training Services, Public Sector & Consultancy
؏ International HSE
؏ Key areas of expertise:
؏ Project/Operation Safety Management
؏ Process Safety
؏ Training & Development
؏ HSE System Development
؏ Upstream & Downstream Operation
Your tutor: Ammar Hassan
4. Health and Safety Foundations
5. As well as a legislative
requirement, Task Risk Assessment
is fundamental to reducing the
likelihood of accidents and incidents
It is a core component of
establishing a Safe System of Work.
6. WHY TRIC CARD SYSTEM ?
Spot the hazards & risks
7. Job planning & Risk assessment
Work & Safe work
• We always do something and it means we have to contact
• people, environment, asset and reputation
• All above mentioned objects of contact may create hazards
if we deal with them in unsafe manner.
• So, what do we need to do to prevent the hazards or to
• Help us to promote safety
8. Hazard means?
• Anything with the potential
to cause harm
• Harm can include:
• ill-health and injury to
• damage to assets
• damage to the environment
• reputation damage
Other hazards, such as:
• Manual handling
• Display screen equipment
• Slips, trips & falls
• Cleaning chemicals
• Maintenance hazards
POTENTIALInstallation hazards, such as:
• Equipment handling
• Moving machinery
• High pressure testing
• Unsafe methods of work,
• Interaction between
• Uncontrolled change
9. Risk means?
• The likelihood that somebody or
something will be harmed by a hazardous
• The size of a risk is an estimate based on a
combination of the likelihood and
consequences of a hazardous event
10. ALARP means?
If we can’t eliminate the risk we must
reduce it to:
11. Job planning & Risk assessment
• How to plan our job:
• Job Planning
• Discussion of the task with the crew
• Competence of the crew (training &
• Identification of responsibilities
• Adequate Supervision
12. Reviewed by:
13. Planning the job is
critical and should be
done well in advance
with sufficient lead
and tools )
3. Controls in place
5. RISK review
Only after this the job
14. Most of common
It’s important to record the
title and number/version of
the procedure and other
documents that where use
for the job as easy reference
15. This Section about giving clear summery to job that you
intend to perform, and every one that look to this area must
understand clear what are you going to do …
Tasks, require break the above
job in simple steps clear and
logic as well should not be too
many and not very short as
Remember, returning the site
to it’s original situation may
required to complete the job
16. Selecting the steps
A balanced level of detail for the TRA:
Step 1 position car, set brakes block
Step 2 remove spare wheel and position
Step 3 check and position car jack
Step 4 remove hub cap and break free nuts
Step 5 jack up car
Step 6 remove wheel nuts
Step 7 remove wheel
Step 8 locate spare wheel
Step 9 tighten wheel nuts
Step 10 jack down car
Step 11 final tighten wheel nuts
Step 12 replace hub cap
Step 13 store jack and wheel
Too fine a level of detail:
Step 1 park car
Step 2 get out of car
Step 3 move to boot of car
Step 4 open boot of car
Step 5 etc
Too coarse a level of detail:
Step 1 remove wheel
Step 2 put on spare
The TRA team must judge what is the appropriate level of detail and these
examples should help to judge this:
• Begin with the action - e.g. install, final tighten
• End with what’s acted on - e.g. pump,
• Do not identify any hazards or
• State what must be done - not how it
will be done or who will do it
The description should follow some
17. •For each step you identify in the
tasks, you need to identify the
associated hazards clearly,
•failure in this part may completely
ruin the TRIC
is better than
worker in a
Some risk controls are
more effective than others
Does the task need to be
e.g. eliminate manual handling
by doing the job mechanically
Can something else be used to reduce the
e.g. water-based instead of solvent-based
Can equipment be used to reduce the risk?
e.g. Local Exhaust Ventilation to remove
Can distance/barriers/guards be used
to prevent personnel exposure to
hazard? e.g. distance barriers around
high pressure testing
Can the number of personnel exposed
to the risk and/or the time they are
exposed be reduced?
Can suitable and sufficient PPE
appropriate for the task be used?
Can procedures with training be used
to ensure a safe system of work is
followed to reduce the risk?
19. Who is
and for what
in place ?
20. All about Key Learning that are gain
during the job, need to capture here
and sharing with others during site
Recording the number will help in future
reference, audit, and documentation for
required by the law
21. Reviewed by:
Other responsible people
should review, and
challenge the TRIC on
site, and then approve it
22. This section to be use in case of
any change in hazards identified
before, or a new one appear due
to change …
24. SKILLS FOR TRIC
• Supervisor led team - 3-4 people
• Outside expertise not necessary –
unless tasks complex/specialised
• 1 person can assess simple tasks
• Members need to:
• know enough about the activities
to judge the risks and controls
• understand the procedures and
TRIC teams should include people
Are responsible for the task
Are competent in the TRIC process
Understand the task & its hazards
Know the location & its hazards
Will be involved in doing the task
A fresh pair of eyes can help:
25. What is the purpose of the activity?
What are the critical tasks?
What are characteristics of the plant,
substances & systems involved?
What about any simultaneous operations?
Could they have a significant impact on
Where is the activity to be done?
Could it be done in a safer location –
e.g. in a workshop?
When is the activity to be done?
Could it be done at a different time –
e.g. during shutdown?
The team needs to consider these questions:
• Visit the worksite
• Review worksite conditions &
layout of area
• Observe activity being done if
Who is going to carry out the
activity? Are they capable /
26. TRIC team
• Finally, ask & act on these questions:
• Have all the necessary control measures been
• Are any additional training/competencies required to
complete the activity?
• Is the risk effectively controlled?
Before recommending that the work should go ahead, the
team should agree the risk is acceptable & ALARP
27. Completing the assessment
• Success depends on the awareness of work team
• Toolbox Talks should:
• communicate the hazards, controls & individual
• involve the whole work team in identifying any additional
hazards & controls – especially those specific to the site
and the local conditions; and so
• complete the risk assessment
• The Toolbox talk Risk Identification Card (TRIC) can
be used to record the “on the day” risk assessment
28. RMADAN Supervisors Guidance
Start discussing in toolbox talks/HSE meetings prior and during Ramadan
Give sleep Management advise to staff.
Refresh fatigue awareness so staff will identify symptoms
Staying up late at night during Ramadan will result insufficient sleep and
accumulating sleep debt.
Continue these meetings throughout Ramadan and ask questions:
1. How were you yesterday?
2. How do you feel today?
3. Any incidents you had or witnessed?
4. Did you intervene any unsafe acts/condition?
• Incidents tend to increase towards the end of Ramadan.
• A toolbox meeting after the first half of Ramadan is important.
• Face to face communications and Management participation is
valuable to increase awareness.
29. Key learning & action ideas
What is the most
important thing I’ve
learned about doing
What am I going to do
about it in my job?
Think about what we’ve done today