Salil Shettys Mdg Presentation Stockholm March 2010

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Salil Shettys Mdg Presentation Stockholm March 2010

  1. 1. Countdown 2015 : <br />Accelerating Progress on the MDGs<br />Stockholm, March 24 2010<br />
  2. 2. MDGs – shared responsibility<br />MDGs<br />Developed Countries<br />GOAL 8<br />Developing Countries<br /><ul><li>Integrate MDGs into policies, plans and budgets
  3. 3. Become accountable to citizens: human rights-based development
  4. 4. More aid and more effective aid
  5. 5. Greater debt cancellation
  6. 6. Increased poverty-focussed trade opportunities</li></li></ul><li>2000-2009 MDG Scorecard..…<br />The single most durable set of global development commitments by governments – withstood 9/11 and its aftermath<br />Provided a strong human development and poverty focus to all global processes – Monterrey, Paris, Accra, Doha, G8 and now G20<br />Regional bodies embrace MDGs – AU, SAARC, Asean, EU <br />Influenced national planning not only in most poor countries but also several middle income countries like Brazil and Indonesia <br />Counterpoint to Washington consensus<br />
  7. 7. 2000-9 MDG Scorecard….<br />Over 35 countries have had their debts cancelled – big increase in poverty-focussed public expenditure<br />Aid levels have steadily increased – 30% higher than 1992 peak<br />
  8. 8. MDG Outcomes have been very significant<br />Over 400 million people come out of poverty since 2000<br /> 4 million fewer children die<br />> 30 million more children in school<br />HIV/AIDS, 30% reduction in new infections in 2008 compared to 1996, 2 m. receiving ARVs<br />Big advances in TB, malaria, access to water<br />63/117 countries on-track on malnutrition<br /> 30 more than in 2006<br />Women MPs – 11% in 2000, 18% in 2009<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. MDG Progress - Poverty<br />
  11. 11. MDG Progress - Education<br />
  12. 12. MDG Progress – Child Health<br />
  13. 13. Many of the poorest countries are on track on several Goals<br />On most individual Goals, over 40 developing countries are on track<br /><ul><li>Rwanda
  14. 14. Tanzania
  15. 15. Mali
  16. 16. Zambia
  17. 17. Mozambique
  18. 18. Ghana
  19. 19. Bangladesh
  20. 20. Nepal</li></li></ul><li>Success: where it matters most!<br />Ghana, Nicaragua cut hunger by half from 1991 to 2004<br />Malnutrition rates cut from 22% to 6% in NE Brazil in less than ten years, <br />Nigeria doubles production and income of farmers from 2001 to 2007<br />Malawi goes from 43% food deficit in 2005 to 53% food surplus in 2007<br />
  21. 21. Success: where it matters most!<br />U5MR falls by >40% in Malawi, Mozambique, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Niger, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bolivia and Laos<br />Ethiopia puts 3 million more kids in school and Tanzania 2 million, doubling school enrollment from 2001 to 2006<br />Honduras reduced MMR by 40% from 1990 to 2005<br />
  22. 22. Why are these countries more on track?<br />Leadership from the top<br />Global MDGs adapted to National Goals<br />Clear Plan, Policies & Strategies<br />MDGs prioritised in the allocation of domestic and external resources in the budget<br />High focus on improving delivery mechanisms for the poor<br />
  23. 23. Why are some countries more on track?<br />e. Greater accountability and transparency at all levels – more citizen engagement<br />More media and public debate <br />International donors line up behind national priorities<br />
  24. 24. Countdown 2015: the obstacle course<br />Financial crisis – separating real impact from using this as an excuse <br />Food and Climate crisis – more acute<br />Governance and exclusion crisis – national and global; significant increase in inequality<br />Trade crisis – Doha impasse and new protectionism<br />Big challenges in conflict zones, in MMR and sanitation<br />
  25. 25. MDG Achievement – a matter of political choice<br />Total amount given as bail outs in the last year is estimated at $18 trillion – cumulative aid in the last 49 years is less than $2 tr.<br />Total spent on arms in 2008 $1.46 trillion – aid was about $120 billion<br />Resources lost through corruption by leaders of poor countries, often colluding with western governments and corporations, and mindless wars could have more than achieved MDGs<br />
  26. 26. Grassroots<br />Policy Change<br />Media/Public Awareness<br />Citizens action on MDGs needs a second wind to build political will<br />
  27. 27. UN MDG Review Summit Sept 2010: Agreeing the 2010-15 Breakthrough Action Plan<br />Accelerate progress based on what’s worked : This will motivate governments and people and create national ownership<br />Move the action to the local: Improve data and analysis at all levels – disaggregated, high frequency, and available in a simple form first to poor communities and local govts<br />Get serious about accountability: From local to national to global<br />
  28. 28. UN MDG Review Summit: Web portal for civil society<br />www.un-ngls.org/mdg2010<br />
  29. 29. Swedish civil society: Action Agenda<br />Local and national level actions in Sweden and EU:<br /> a. Build a strong public constituency of support for the MDGs<br /> b. Remind other EU Governments of their responsibility to keep their promises on aid, debt and trade - Goal 8;<br /> c. Create national momentum in the run up to the MDG Review Summit<br />Local, national and regional level actions in the South:<br /> a. Align programme design and impact at the local level towards the achievement of the MDGs, particularly for the poor;<br /> b. In all programmes, increase accountability of government to poor communities on the MDGs;<br /> c. Directly and through MDG Campaign Coalitions monitor MDG performance and reorient public expenditure towards MDGs.<br />

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