History of Samurai <ul><li>The samurai, a class of highly skilled warriors, gradually developed in Japan after the tax reforms of 646 A.D in Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>Some samurai were relatives of the rich landlords, while others were simply hired swords. </li></ul><ul><li>The Samurai were used to protect the landlords and their wealth. </li></ul>
7 Samurais in a field Samurais with Armor Pictures of Real Samurais in Japan
Samurai Culture <ul><li> B ushido - "the way of the warrior.“ </li></ul><ul><li>The central tenets of bushido are honor and freedom from the fear of death. </li></ul><ul><li>The Samurais were legally entitled to cut down any commoner who failed to honor them properly. </li></ul><ul><li>They would fight fearlessly for their master, and die honorably rather than surrender in defeat. </li></ul><ul><li>They suicide if they are defeated. It is called seppuku . </li></ul>
Samurai Fight & Suicide Pictures Samurai Fight (Modern Day Japan ) Seppuku Suicide by using a sword and beheading by another samurai.
Samurai Weapon <ul><li>Early samurai were archers, fighting on foot or horseback with extremely long bows ( yumi ). They used swords mainly for finishing off wounded enemies. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Mongol invasions of 1272 and 1281, the samurai began to make more use of swords, as well as poles topped by curved blades called naginata (Na-he-na-ta) , and spears. </li></ul>
Samurai Weapon <ul><li>Samurai warriors wore two swords, together called daisho - "long and short.“ </li></ul><ul><li>The katana - a curved blade over 24 inches long, was suitable for slashing, while the wakizashi word , at 12-24 inches, was used for stabbing. </li></ul><ul><li>In the late 16th century, non-samurai were forbidden to wear the daisho. </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai wore full body-armor in battle, often including a horned helmet. </li></ul>
Samurai Horned–Helmet, used in battle Samurai Clothing and Armor Samurai Clothing (kimono).
Samurai Sword Daishos - Long and Short swords. Katanas – 24 inches long Used for slashing.
Samurai in movies <ul><li>The samurai movies are more action-based, with darker and more violent characters. </li></ul><ul><li>A samurai film must include samurai warriors, sword fighting, and historical setting. </li></ul><ul><li>A number of western movies have re-told the samurai movie in a Western context. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are : Goyokin(1969), The last Samurai(2003). </li></ul>