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Hiv

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The most accurate presentation about HIV/AIDS for School, College, Medical fields, Hospitals, Awareness Programs, Informative Purposes, I encourage y'all to download this and show this in …

The most accurate presentation about HIV/AIDS for School, College, Medical fields, Hospitals, Awareness Programs, Informative Purposes, I encourage y'all to download this and show this in non-plagiarized way.

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  • Good presentation
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  • @asterkebede961 poor students...
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  • This is a stupidly edited copy of a much more detailed presentation of Dr Satya Gutta & al. from here: http://www.slideshare.net/adroits/hiv-aids-best-presentation

    This author did nothing but 'decorated' it with a number of ugly photos and added some incredibly retarded, earthbound, middle age thoughts such as 'if you have HIV you must stop having sex' and similar.

    Laughable. Are you serious that HIV infected people no longer will have sex because you say so? They won't stop and suggesting it is a sign of imbecility.
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  • good ppt
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  • For adults and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS, prevalence rates per 100,000 population are shown for 33 states and 5 U.S. dependent areas with confidential name-based HIV infection surveillance. Areas with the highest prevalence rates in 2006 were New York, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Florida, New Jersey, and Louisiana. The following 33 states and 5 U.S. dependent areas have had laws or regulations requiring confidential name-based HIV infection surveillance since at least 2003: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data have been adjusted for reporting delays.
  • Transcript

    • 1. By Ashish John Mathai HIV/AIDS 21 st Century Pandemic
    • 2. History of HIV/AIDS
      • It is now thought that HIV came from a similar virus found in chimpanzees - SIV.
      • HIV probably entered the United States around 1970
      • CDC in 1981 noticed unusual clusters of Kaposi’s sarcoma in gay men in NY and San Francisco, which led to the disease to be called GRID (Gay Related Immune Deficiency).
      • By 1982 the disease was apparent in heterosexuals and was renamed AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency).
      • 1984- Scientists identify HIV as the cause of AIDS
      • 1987- AZT is the first drug approved for treating AIDS
    • 3. Prevalence of HIV Infection
    • 4. Estimated prevalence of HIV among young adults (15-49) per country at the end of 2005
    • 5. HIV in the U.S 80 percent of Americans with HIV do not know they are infected. -Philip Emeagwali One out of every 100 American men is HIV positive. The rate of infection has reached epidemic proportions in 40 developing nations . -Philip Emeagwali
    • 6.  
    • 7.
      • Occurrence: Males>females
      • Occurs in all ages and ethnic groups
      • All areas of the country are affected
      • About 2 million adults & 500,000 children in US are HIV positive (male 1:100; female 1:800)
      • In some city inner areas, as many as 50% of males are HIV positive
      • AIDS is now the second leading cause of death for all men aged 25-44 years
      • Unintended injuries is #1 and heart disease is #3 for this age group
      Epidemiology
    • 8. Risk Factors
      • Having Unprotected Sex.
      • Having Sex with someone who’s HIV+ (You may not Know)
      • Having another STD , such as syphilis, herpes, Chlamydia, gonorrhea or bacterial vaginitis.
      • Share needles during intravenous drug use.
      • Received a blood transfusion or blood products before 1985.
      • Have fewer copies of a gene called CCL3L1 that helps fight HIV infection.
      • Newborns with HIV+ mother or Father.
      • Most dangerous sexual practice: anal intercourse
      • Recent evidence that HIV can be transmitted by oral sex
    • 9. Prevention There's no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. But it's possible to protect yourself and others from infection. That means educating yourself about HIV and avoiding any behavior that allows HIV-infected fluids — blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk — into your body.
    • 10. If you're HIV-
      • Educate yourself and others.
      • Do not have any sexual partners.
      • Use a new latex condom every time you have sex.
      • Consider male circumcision.
      • Use a clean needle.
      • Be cautious about blood products in certain countries.
      • Get regular screening tests.
      • Don't become complacent.
    • 11.
      • Do not have sex anymore.
      • If someone wants to have sex, tell them you have HIV.
      • If your partner is pregnant, tell her you have HIV.
      • Tell others who need to know.
      • Don't share needles or syringes.
      • Don't donate blood or organs.
      • Don't share razor blades or toothbrushes.
      • If you're pregnant, get medical care right away.
      If you're HIV+
    • 12.  
    • 13. How HIV attack cells
    • 14. Causative agent: Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
    • 15.  
    • 16. How HIV infects the human body
      • When HIV enters the blood, it invades certain cells of the immune system, including T cells, which help other lymphocytes identify and destroy pathogens.
      • The viruses take over the cells, cause them to produce new copies of themselves, and the newly produced viruses break out of the cell, destroying them.
      • The new viruses infect other cells, and then the process repeats itself.
    • 17.
      • Early infection :
      • A brief flu-like illness
      • Fever
      • Headache
      • Sore throat
      • Swollen lymph glands
      • Rash
    • 18.
      • Later infection :
      • Swollen lymph nodes
      • Diarrhea
      • Weight loss
      • Fever
      • Cough and shortness of breath
    • 19.
      • Latest phase of infection : (AIDS) :
      • Weakened Immune system
      • Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP)
      • Less Lymphocytes
      • Soaking night sweats
      • Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F
      • (38 C) for several weeks
      • Dry cough and shortness of breath
      • Chronic diarrhea
    • 20. Late st phase of infection : (AIDS) :
      • Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth
      • Headaches
      • Blurred and distorted vision
      • Weight loss
      • Persistent, unexplained fatigue
      • Swelling of lymph nodes for more than three months
    • 21.
      • Western blot for antibodies specific to HIV
      • Immunoelectro Fluorescence
      • HAART: Highly Affective Anti-Retro Viral Therapy: Physicians consider 200 to 350 CD4 cells/mm3 as the range to consider starting HAART
    • 22. There’s only one 100 %effective way to prevent STDs ! ABSTINENCE..!! -NO sex before Marriage. -Have sex ONLY with your spouse.
    • 23. Your basic role.. Making responsible decisions about personal behaviors is the most valuable tool you can use for protection against HIV infection.
    • 24.
      • HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2006.
      • Vol. 18
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:People
      • _living_with_HIV_AIDS_world_map.PNG
      References
    • 25.