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Basic structure of our immune system and the role of holistic therapies like Homeopathy and Bach flower therapy in improving our immune status.

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  1. 1. SWINE FLU & OUR IMMUNITY Dr Amit Karkare BHMS, BFP (UK) Homeopathic Consultant and Bach Flower Practitioner
  2. 2. Dr. Amit Karkare <ul><li>Educational Profile: </li></ul><ul><li>BHMS – Pune University </li></ul><ul><li>BFP (UK) – British Institute of Homeopathy [London] </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements: </li></ul><ul><li>University topper in the subject of Homeopathic Philosophy – 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>First Indian to get an accreditation as Bach Flower Practitioner (UK) from British Institute of Homeopathy, securing 97% marks. </li></ul><ul><li>Academic: </li></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic Research Consultant – Sahyadri Hospital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Refractory Epilepsy study </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lecturer at DSHMC </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty – Institute of Clinical Research (Pune branch) </li></ul><ul><li>Professional: </li></ul><ul><li>A decade of clinical service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More than 2000 patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Across all continents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homeopathic consultant – Cognizant, Evolvus syst, & others </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bacterias and Viruses: <ul><li>Bacteria: </li></ul><ul><li>Has a specific protein and structure or shape. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to invent anti-bacterial. </li></ul><ul><li>Virus: </li></ul><ul><li>Reprograms its host's cells to make new viruses and almost all the proteins used in this process are normal parts of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Change in shape / structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Not possible to find a perfect anti-viral medicine. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Swine-Flu: facts <ul><li>Influenza type A virus causing regular outbreaks in pigs. </li></ul><ul><li>Past human spread was limited to few (3-4) individuals. [1976] </li></ul><ul><li>Current H1N1 strain is highly contagious and thus WHO has escalated the world Pandemic Phase from Phase 3 to Phase 6. </li></ul><ul><li>Currently no vaccine against H1N1. Will take at least another 4 months for launch. </li></ul><ul><li>More severe in people with systemic or chronic illnesses like asthma / diabetes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Worldwide spread:
  6. 6. Swine-flu 2009: stats [courtesy:] Note: the figures are based on REPORTED cases . 1 in 166 1.38 228.99 United Kingdom 1 in 140 2.19 306.37 Mexico 1 in 200 8.36 1675.96 Australia 1 in 32 0.29 9.33 INDIA 1 in 19 6.02 116.29 Brazil 1 in 80 2.54 202.10 United States 1 in 17 13.40 225.14 Argentina Death Frequency [per detected cases] Death Rate [per million country population] Infection Rate [per million country population] Country
  7. 7. Prevention Better Than Cure:
  8. 8. Kçáo nçÇ kçÀçí kçÀj yçáuçbo Flçvçç... <ul><li>The ideal prevention is to improve our natural immunity. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT HOW? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS IMMUNITY? </li></ul><ul><li>Only Body or Mind too? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Body’s Immune System: <ul><li>It is a natural body defense mechanism composed of specialized cells and proteins designed to identify and destroy foreign invaders [microbes]. </li></ul><ul><li>Core-activities: </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination between ‘Self’ and ‘Non-self’ </li></ul><ul><li>Protection : Destruction : Red-alert </li></ul><ul><li>Immune memory – for future utilization </li></ul>
  10. 10. Anatomy of immune system: <ul><li>Bone marrow & Thymus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immune cells are born and matured. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spleen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removes old / damaged cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removes infectious agents & activates production of lymphocytes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lymphatics & nodes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filter out dead cells, antigens, and other “stuff” to present to lymphocytes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collect fluid (lymph) that has “leaked” out from the blood. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Passive Immunity <ul><li>Antibodies ( Y ) received from the maternal blood before we were born. </li></ul><ul><li>Also found in the breast-milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary immunity – lasting for few weeks. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Active Immunity: <ul><li>INNATE IMMUNITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural and non-specific. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immediate response. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barriers – skin, tear, saliva, hair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phagocytes – neutrophils & macrophages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural killer cells & mast cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complement & other proteins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquired and specific. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs time to develop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced on frequent exposure. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T -cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B -cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibodies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigen presenting cells </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Photo gallery:
  14. 14. Immunity - overview: DRIVING FORCE ?
  15. 15. Measures to improve immunity: <ul><ul><li>Balanced diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hygiene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joy of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artistic pursuits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotive balance </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Health: ‘ A state of complete physical, mental & social well-being and not mere absence of disease or infirmity.’ – World Health Organization PHYSICAL SOCIAL MENTAL BALANCE = HEALTH
  17. 17. Individualization:
  18. 18. Stress: its origin & resolution MAN ENVIRONMENT - v e and + v e A D J U S T M E N T STRESS FAVORABLE REACTION EASE UN RESOLVED UN DIS Negative Emotional State  Altered Immunity NEEDS TREATMENT
  19. 19. Homeopathy: <ul><li>Aiming for psychosomatic equilibrium. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficacy without food restrictions. </li></ul><ul><li>No adverse drug effects at all. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to carry and consume. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be taken with existing medication. </li></ul><ul><li>Safe to consume even during pregnancy. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Holistic care: Treatment of the existing health ailments. Dealing with stressors that can lead to future ailments. Preventing illnesses by improving immunity – both physical & emotional. Discussion forum covering the current health issues, tips, articles, and Q&A. HEALTH TREATMENT PREVENTION EDUCATION
  21. 21. Healthy Mind  Healthy Body
  22. 22. Thanks! Dr Amit Karkare Mobile: +91 98222 52533 Website: Clinics: Jangli Maharaj Road & Sahakarnagar