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A case study on Gerbera Crop. A Detail Project analysis is done on it at Floriculture Park, of India, Talegaon Dhabade.

A case study on Gerbera Crop. A Detail Project analysis is done on it at Floriculture Park, of India, Talegaon Dhabade.

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Presenatation on gerbera Presenatation on gerbera Presentation Transcript

  • MODULE NO. : ABEL-ECON-4711 Title : Project Planning, Formulation & Evaluation of High valued Crop Protected cultivation of Gerbera Credit : 20=0+20 Presented By: 1. Kale Amit R. 2.Waghmare Rahul S.
  • INTRODUCTION
  • Methodology Site Selection:-  Policy Decision Taken by Government of Maharashtra at 5th July 2002 to Boost the Floriculture Industry.  Due To Favourable Climatic Condition A Floriculture Park Was Established in Maval Taluka At Talegaon Dhabade.  In the Floriculture Park , A Ideal Gerbera Producer V.D.Patil Sir’s Farm Was Selected for Our Experiential Learning. Method of Data Collection:- I. Primary Data:- 1.Discusion With Entrepreneur , Supervisor , Labour. 2.Market Intermediary. II. Secondary Data:- 1.Records. 2.Bank. 3.Internet.
  • Analysis of Data:- 1.Tabular Method. 2.Simple Average Method. 3.Diffrent Graphs and Charts. Analytical Tools:- 1.Current Ratio. 2. Liquidity ratio. 3. Turnover ratio. 4. Profitability ratio. 5. Net Income. 6.B:C ratio. 7.IRR.
  • NAME OF POLYHOUSE NAME OF OWNER Mrs. Vijaya Vijay Patil AGE 55 Years EDUCATION B. A TEL. NO. 9822301119 TYPE OF POLYHOUSE SAW TOOTH TYPE OF OWNERSHIP INDIVIDUAL CATEGORY OF POLYHOUSE SMALL YEAR OF ESTABLISHMENT 2006 AREA 141 R GROWING CROP Gerbera VARIETY Savhana, Danailin ,Zingaro, Goliath, Rosalian Dalama Profile
  • Location
  • 1. Importance Of High-tech Agriculture  Best way to utilizing the Potential of Gerbera.  Extend support to GM plants or plant bio-technology  Efficient utilization of chemicals and Fertilizers.  Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control.  The yield may be 10-12 times higher(a life line for small land holders)  Export oriented view.  Major beneficiary to small holding farmer.
  • • Gerbera flowers are Beautiful and attractive. • Available in Different type of colours. • Used in Decorations of various Events. • Used in Bouquet. • Gerbera as cut flowers Used in Flower Pots. • Used in Dry Flowers Industry. • Possibility to Export. • Scope for Research and Development in local condition. 2. Importance and Scope of Gerbera Flowers
  • Source: Indian Horticulture Database-2011 Area and Production of Flowers In INDIA YEAR AREA PRODUCTION (IN 000' HA) LOOSE CUT (IN 000' MT) Million Flowers 2006-07 144 880 37175 2007-08 166 868 43654 2008-09 167 987 47942 2009-10 183 1021 66671 2010-11 191 1031 69027
  • Source: Indian Horticulture Database-2011 Area and Production of Flowers In INDIA Production Loosein000’MT CutinMillionFlowers 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 144 166 167 183 191880 868 987 1021 1031 37175 43654 47942 66671 69027 Years Area Loose Flowers Cut Flowers
  • S TAT E AREA (in 000 ha) PRODUCTION (in 000 MT and Cut in Lakh Nos) 2008- 09 2009-10 2010-11 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 LOOSE CUT LOOSE CUT LOOSE CUT TAMILNADU 29.14 32 32 233.7 0 247.3 0 247.3 0 West Bengal 21.07 21.9 23.1 52.00 21232 55.2 22170 59.2 23919 Karnataka 26 27 27 203.9 5867 203.9 5860 203.9 5860 Maharashtra 16.4 17.5 17.5 89.4 5728 91.1 7914 91.1 7914 OTHER 73.91 84.5 91.3 408.4 15115 423.1 30727.4 429.8 31334.4 INDIA 166.52 182.9 190.9 987.4 47942 1020.6 66671.4 1031.3 69027.4 Source: Indian Horticulture Database-2011 Area and Production of Flowers In States
  • Major Cut Flower Producing State’s 2010-11
  •  To work out cost of erection of Polyhouse of selected Unit.  To estimate cost of Gerbera production of selected Unit.  To study the market management aspects of Gerbera Flowers of the selected Unit.  To estimate the Profitability of selected Gerbera Flowers Unit.  To study the problems in the production and marketing of Gerbera Flowers. O B J E C T I V E S
  • Government Schemes NHB • Offers 20% Subsidy on project cost limited to ₹ 25 lakh /project. NHM • Gives 50% Subsidy • Up to 1 Acres APEDA • 25% For Cold Storage. • Warehouse and Godowns. GOI and GOM • Gives Subsidy for Irrigation System.
  • Country 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 Qty Value Qty Value Qty Value United States 7,111.5 7,213.5 5871.1 5,305.6 7153.9 5686.5 Germany 3,589.8 3,966.3 3688.2 4065.0 4511.6 4280.6 Netherland 4,640.2 5,987.2 3146.3 4217.9 2989.5 4162.0 United Kingdom 4,369.7 4,284.5 3707.3 3788.3 4116.0 3761.8 Japan 965.3 1,791.0 970.9 1558.7 576.7 1,151.9 United Arab Emitates 762.7 991.8 971.7 1071.1 812.8 959.1 Italy 1268.3 1,373.3 1453.7 714.4 1,234.0 856.8 Canada 782.4 1,135.3 534.1 769.0 532.8 798.4 Belgium 1,084.3 845.5 470.2 484.4 762.0 774.3 Ethiopia 99.0 1,657.0 706.2 1,746.7 69.1 633.5 Other 6,125.4 7,636.0 5294.4 5,625.6 5,017.8 5,580.5 Total 30,789.3 36,881.4 26,814.5 29,446.4 27,776.2 28,645.4 Qty in Mt Value in Lakhs Source: Apeda Website February 2012 Export of flowers from India
  • Horticultural Practices
  • Particulars April May June July August 1 w k 2 w k 3 w k 4 w k 1 w k 2 w k 3 w k 4 w k 1 wk 2 wk 3 wk 4 wk 1 wk 2 wk 3 wk 4 wk 1 wk 2 wk 3 WK Land Development Greenhouse foundation Bedding material Application : Red soil FYM Rice Husk Greenhouse Erection Polythene fitting Bedding Material Mixing Fumigation Bed Preparation Drip &Misting System Spraying System Hosing Tap Mixing of Neem cake ,Silica dust,Sterameal Wormicompost Mixing Besal Dose Plantation Labour quarter Commencement Of Flower PROJECT CALENDER
  • General Practices Ploughing
  • • Highly porous, well drained, airy • Gravel Sand- Bottom + Organic manure + Soil. • Basal Dose- (2080 sq.mt. ) SSP- 500kg and MgSO4- 100 kg 70cm 30cm 30cm 70cm 45 cm 35 cm BED PREPARATION
  • Digging of Beds Bed Preparation
  • Application of Basal Dose Before Plantation Showering Before Plantation of Gerbera Crop
  • Making Holes on the Beds.
  • 1. Crown of Plant 1-2cm above soil. 2. Don’t Disturb root ball. 3. Distance row-row = 35cm. - plant-plant = 30cm. 1. Propagation by tissue culture method. 2. Select proper harden plants. 3. Disease and pest free Plants. 4. At planting time 4 to 5 leaves - each plants. Properties Precautions Gerbera Plantation
  • Plantation of Gerbera Crop
  • Spraying of Chemicals
  • Application of Fertilisers Drip method Direct method
  • Harvesting Maturity Indices
  • Packaging Of Flowers
  • GERBERA Box Size- 100X40X20cm No. of Bunches - 50 No. of Flowers - 500
  • 1.To Maintain Health of Plant. 2.Size of Flowers Dis-budding De-Leafing (To loose the top soil of the beds.) 1.Aeration. 2.Weeding. Raking Special Cultural Practices in Gerbera 1. Sanitation. 2. Bud Initiation
  • Production Management Techniques Applied
  • Light Trap
  • Recycling of waste Material
  • Blue and Yellow Gum Cards for Controlling Thrips and Leaf Minor Respectively.
  • Washing the Polythine Paper
  • Management of Different Inputs
  • Sr.No. Particulars Qty(Grm.) Monthly Rate/Kg A. Up to 3 Months After Plantation 1. 19:19:19 4200 . 79.60 2. MgSo4 200 288 3. Fe Chilated 150 480 B. After 3 Months of Plantation 1. 13:00:45 3200 81025 2. 00:52:34 1600 109.4 3. Fe Chilated 160 480 4. Cano3 3000 5 48.9 Application of Fertilizers C Particulars Qty(Kg) Yearly Rate/Kg 5 Warmicompost 300 600 6 6 Neemcake 550 1100 9 7 Stera meal 4500 900 10 9 Phoret 30 60 40 Mon Wen. Fri. 12 Fri.Wen. Mon 12
  • Major Pest and Disease
  • Powdery Mildew Caterpillar Botrytis APSA-80 = 0.3 ml Bavistin = 2.0 gm Captop = 1.5 gm Rocko = 1.0 gm APSA-80 = 0.3 ml Cloropyriphose=1.5ml Lannet = 1.5 gm APSA-80 = 0.3 ml Rocko = 1.0 gm Quintal = 0.5 gm
  • White Fly Leaf Minor Snale 1.Confider =0.5 ml 2.Pride = 0.3 gm APSA-80= 0.3 ml Cloropyriphose =1.5ml Caledon = 1 gm APSA-80 = 0.3 ml Kombad khat Thrips Regent =0.5ml Confidore =0.5ml APSA-80 = 0.3 ml
  • Human Resource Management
  • Process of HRM Selection of Labour or Supervisor Training 1.On Job Training. 2.Off Job Training. Evaluation of Labour Recruitment 1.Internal Sources. 2.Extrnal Sources. Motivation 1.On time Payment 2.offers Bonus Promotion
  • Types of Polyhouses
  • MAXI-VENT POLYHOUSE FAN & PAD POLYHOUSE WOODEN POLYHOUSESAW TOOTH POLYHOUSE
  • GLASSHOUSE POLYTUNNEL SHADOWHALL SHADOW HOUSE TypesofPolyhouses
  • ERECTION OF POLYHOUSE
  • SITE SELECTION CRITERION  Soil Ph 5.5 to 6.5 & EC less than 0.5 ms/cm  Continuous water source  Water Ph 5.5 to 7 & EC less than 0.3 ms/cm  construction- higher than the surrounding land  Scope for future expansion  Communication , Road & Market facility  Availability of cheap labour  Trees at least 30 m apart
  • FOUNDATION STRUCTURE Columns Purlins Gutters Bracings Ridges Side Vents -Dugged 90 pits -Traditional -Telescopic Erection Of Polyhouse
  • POLYTHENE POLYLOCKS ALUMINIUM Light transmission- 88 % Life time - 2-3 years Thickness- 200 microns Continue.....
  • Polyfilm Fitting Fumigation Continue..... Formalin :Water =1:10
  • Installation of Irrigation System
  • Factors Influencing Selection of the Emitter • Sandy,Loamy-clay/sand,ClayeySoil Type • Canopy , Evaporation rate, Crop Factor Water requirement • Humidity, Micro climate, etc Climatic requirement • Power & water availabilitySite Conditions
  • Types of Emmiter Emmiters Drippers Online Inline Mini Sprinklers Foggers
  • Inline- Driper Integral Driplines Application -Row Crops -Close spaced Crops Installation of Irrigation System
  • Installation of Weather Control Devices
  • Majorcomponents ofclimate Light (Lux meter ) Temperature (Dry bulb) Humidity (Hair hygrometer) Wind (Anemometer) Rainfall, Precipitation(Rainfall indicator) Climatic Factors and Measuring Instruments
  • PROTECTED CULTIVATION Solar Radiation Heat PAR Rain Wind speed Top Ventilation Outside Temperature RH Condensation Transpiration CO2 Inside Temperature RH Water uptake Side Ventilation
  • PROTECTED CULTIVATION PAR Rain Wind speed Top Ventilation Outside Temperature RH Condensation Transpiration CO2 Inside Temperature RH Water uptake Side Ventilation Solar Radiation
  • • High production • Good product quality • Proper harvest planning • Risk management (prevention of calamities) • Optimum greenhouse climate in view of crop condition • Cost management
  • Artificial Cooling- (Humidifiers) Ventilation Shading Net Greenhouse Cooling Methods
  • Visit To Our Farm
  • Continue.....
  • Economical Part
  • SR. NO. PARTICULARS AMOUNT ( ₹) PERCE NT (%) 1. Cost of construction material for framed structure @ ₹ 400 per sq.m. 8,32,000 90.9 2. Cost of labour for construction of framed structure @ 10% 83,200 9.09 Total construction cost 9,15,200 100 Cost of Construction of framed structure
  • SR. NO. PARTICULAR AMOUNT ( ₹) PERCENT (%) 1 Construction cost of framed structure 9,15,200 61.98 2 Cost of planting material 3,40,200 23.04 3 Cost of irrigation & fogger systems 2,21,154 14.98 TOTAL 14,76,554 100 Total Cost Erection Cost Of Polyhouse Total cost of erection of polyhouse =₹14,76,554/- Per unit Cost of erection = ₹709.88/sq.mt.
  • Sr. No. Particulars Cost (₹) 1 a . Fixed Assets (Cost –B+C) 2065190.00 c. Working Capital for one Year (2011-12) 710209.21 Subtotal: 2775399.21 2 Means of Finance a. Owners Capital Investment 415190.00 b. Term Loan from Bank 1650000.00 Subtotal: 2065190.00 Expected Assistance from NHB 410000.00 3 Bank Finance Required a. Term Loan 1650000.00 b. Cash Credit 710209.21 Crop:-Gerbera Area:-2080 Sq.M.(52M.×40M.) Spacing:-30cm×35cm. No of Plants:-12600 FINANCIAL OUTLAY OF THE PRJECT
  • Sr.No. Particulars Unit Quantity Rate Total Cost (₹) A. 1.Land Cost (@₹2.40 lakhs/acre) Acre 0.5 240000 120000 B. Fixed Capital 1 Greenhouse Erection. Sq.M. 2080 440 915200 2 Shade Net Sq.M 2080 18 37440 3 Drip and Fogging System Sq.M. 2080 80 166400 4 Spraying System Extension No. ₹ 1.HTP 1 9900 9900 2.3 HP Motor 1 7900 7900 3.5 HP Motor 1 12824 12824 4.1.5 Hp Motor 1 6250 6250 5. Genset 1 32000 32000 6.Other Charges - 17880 17880 Sub Total 86754 5 Labour Quarter(1) Sq.ft. 120 275 33000 6 Water Storage Tank 122000 7 Tools and Equipments 15000 TOTAL-(B): 1375794 PROJECT COST
  • Sr.No. Particulars Unit Quantity Rate Total Cost (₹) A. 1.Land Cost (@₹2.40 lakhs/acre) Acre 0.5 240000 120000 B. Fixed Capital 1 Greenhouse Erection. Sq.M. 2080 440 915200 2 Shade Net Sq.M 2080 18 37440 3 Drip and Fogging System Sq.M. 2080 80 166400 4 Spraying System Extension No. ₹ 1.HTP 1 9900 9900 2.3 HP Motor 1 7900 7900 3.5 HP Motor 1 12824 12824 4.1.5 Hp Motor 1 6250 6250 5. Genset 1 32000 32000 6.Other Charges - 17880 17880 Sub Total 86754 5 Labour Quarter(1) Sq.ft. 120 275 33000 6 Water Storage Tank 122000 7 Tools and Equipments 15000 TOTAL-(B): 1375794 PROJECT COST
  • C Capital Cost : Unit Qty. Rate I II III IV V VI 1 Land Preparation a. Ploughing Acre 0.5 1500 750 b. Harrowing Acre 0.5 1500 750 c. Levelling Acre 0.5 21000 10500 d. Murum Brass 90 325 29250 Total Land Preparation 41,250 2 Bed Preparation a Red Soil Brass 180 667 1,20,060 b FYM Brass 80 1200 96,000 c Wormicompost Mt 8.3 3000 24,900 24,900 d. Neem Cake Mt 2 8000 16,000 16,000 e Rice Husk Mt 8.3 2000 16,600 f Single Super Phosphate Mt 0.3 3500 1,050 1050 g Fumigation Sq.M. 2080 4 8,320 h Labour Charges (Bed Prep n ) Sq.M. 2080 9 18,720 Total Bed Preparation 3,01,650 41950 B Planting Cost: a. Planting Material Per plant 12600 27 3,40,200 18000 b. Transport Per plant 12600 0.12 1,512 200 c. Planting Cost (Labour) Sq.M. 2080 2.3 4,784 Total Planting Cost 3,46,496 18200 TOTAL C: 689396 60150 TOTAL (A+B+C): 2185190
  • Sr. No. Particulars Unit Quantity Rate Total Cost (₹) (₹) 1 Manures & Fertilizers per month 12 7,902.5 94830 2 Intercultural & Labours per month 12 10900 130800 3 Plant Protection and GR per month 12 5,800 69594 4 Transportation and Commission per month 12 5,385 49260 5 Packing Material per flower 6,04,800 0.28 169344 6 Supervision Charges per month 12 4,000 48000 7 Light charges per month 12 767 9204 8 Water charges per month 12 1325 15900 9 Phone Bill per month 12 400 4800 10 Depreciation Yearly 94477.21 11 Other expenses per month 12 2000 24000 TOTAL 710209 Working Capital Requirement (2011-12)
  • Sr. No Particulars Cost per Year I II III IV V VI C Recurring Cost: a. Manures & Fertilizers 29,895 55711 65524 69972 70625 94830 b. Intercultural & Labour 45,500 87000 94800 96000 105000 130800 c. Plant Protection and GR 29,275 58570 59690 63570 66251 69594 d. Supervision 21,000 39000 42000 42000 45600 48000 e. Light Charges 5,369 9204 9240 9420 9540 9204 f. Water Charges 3,969 6840 7110 16425 16650 15900 g. Phone Bills 3,500 2400 3000 3240 3000 4800 h. Other Charges 5,000 3500 2000 3500 2500 24000 i. Packaging 60,367 129416.7 138210.8 139286.6 155102.2 169344 j. Transport and Commission 27,555 47100 48180 48540 47640 49260 Total-C 2,31,430438741.7 469754.8 491953.6 521908.2 615732 Yearly Working Capital Requirement
  • Years Particulars Variable Cost Fixed Cost Depreci ation Interest Rate Total Cost Gross Income Net Income 2006- 07 2,31,430 21,85,190 - 1,32,000 25,48,620 721525 -18,27,095 2007- 08 4,38,742 - 191802 1,32,000 7,62,544 1571489 808945 2008- 09 4,69,755 - 156776 66000 692530 1639683 947153 2009- 10 4,91,953 60150 130468 - 682571 1526349 843778 2010- 11 5,21,908 - 110290 - 632198 1539091 906893 2011- 12 6,15,732 - 94477 - 710209 1534578 824369
  • Profit Returns & Cost Comparison -2500000 -2000000 -1500000 -1000000 -500000 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Cost Returns Profit Years Cost,ReturnsandProfitIn₹
  • 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 1 2 3 4 5 6 QuantityinStems Years Production of Gerbera Flowers Series1
  • 2.51 2.55 2.61 2.63 2.58 2.67 2.4 2.45 2.5 2.55 2.6 2.65 2.7 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rates in Rs. Years Average Prices Series1
  • Sr. No. Particulars Years 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Capacity Utilization 48 Flower Stems/plant per year 604800flower stems per 2080 sq.M. 47.53% 101.90% 103.87% 96.00% 98.64% 98.13% 2 Yield of Gerbera Flowers/year (lakh stems) 287460 616270 628231 580361 596547 593475 3 Recurring Expenditure 9,04,826 4,38,742 4,69,752 5,52,104 5,21,908 6,15,732 4 Production cost (₹ Per Stem of flower) 3.15 0.71 0.75 0.95 0.87 1.04 5 Average Production Cost (₹ Per Stem of flower) 1 Cost of Production per stem
  • Sr. No. Particulars Years 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 Capacity Utilization (percentage) 47.08% 100.94% 102.90% 95.06% 97.71% 97.21% 2 Yield of Gerbera Flowers per year(lakh stems) 287460 616270 628231 580361 596547 593475 3 Sale Price (@ ₹ 2.59/- per stem) 721525 1571489 1639683 1526349 1539091 1584578 4 Production cost/stem 3.15 0.71 0.75 0.95 0.87 1.04 5 Total Cost 2609620 762544 692530 682571 632198 710209 6 Net Profit (3-5) -1888095 808945 947153 843778 906893 874369 Statement of Projected Profitability for Crop
  • Sr. No. Particulars Year 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 1 Opening Balance 16.50 16.50 8.25 - 2 Repayment - 8.25 8.25 - 3 Closing Balance 16.50 8.25 0.00 - 4 Interest Rate (8% per annum) 1.32 1.32 0.66 - Total Payment (Repayment + Interest) 1.32 9.57 8.91 - Statement of Loan and Interest
  • SR. NO. YEAR BENEFIT COST NET RETURN D.F. 12% NPW 1 2006-07 721525 2532619 -1811094 0.8929 -1617049 2 2007-2008 1571489 762544 808945 0.7972 644886 3 2008-09 1639683 692530 947153 0.7118 674165 4 2009-2010 1526349 682571 843778 0.6355 536236 5 2010-11 1539091 632198 906893 0.5674 514596 6 2011-2012 1534578 710209 824369 0.5066 417651 TOTAL 1170485 Net Present Worth NPW is Positive hence the Selected Gerbera Unit financially Feasible so the Project is accepted. Conclusion:-
  • SR. NO. YEAR BENEFIT COST D. F. 12% PWB PWC 1 2006-07 721525 2532619 0.8929 644218 2261267 2 2007-2008 1571489 762544 0.7972 1252781 607895 3 2008-09 1639683 692530 0.7118 1167094 492930 4 2009-2010 1526349 682571 0.6355 970022 433786 5 2010-11 1539091 632198 0.5674 873322 358726 6 2011-2012 1534578 710209 0.5066 777465 359814 TOTAL 5684903 4514418 B:C = 1.259277 Benefit Cost Ratio Benefit Cost Ratio is >1 hence the Selected Gerbera Unit financially Feasible so the Project is accepted. Conclusion:-
  • SR. No. YEAR NET RETUR N D. F. 25% D. F. 30% NPW @ L.D.R NPW @ H.D.R 1 2006-07 -1811094 0.8000 0.7692 -1448876 -1393150 2 2007-2008 808945 0.6400 0.5917 517725 478666 3 2008-09 947153 0.5120 0.4552 484942 431112 4 2009-2010 843778 0.4096 0.3501 345611 295430 5 2010-11 906893 0.3277 0.2693 297171 244253 6 2011-2012 824369 0.2621 0.2072 216103 170790 TOTAL = 412677 227100 IRR 36.12 Internal Rate Of Return Conclusion:- IRR is > Lower Discounting Rate hence the Selected Gerbera Unit financially Feasible so the Project is accepted. When D.F. Is 38% then NPW is nearly Zero and B:C Ratio =1 hence IRR is 38%
  • BEP BEP= Fixed Cost (Selling Price Per Unit –Variable Cost Per Unit) BEP= 2185190 (2.59-1) BEP= 13,74,333 Stem Pay Back Period =2 Years and 9 Months
  • Sr. No. Packaging material Qty Rate (kg) Box (₹) Bunch (₹) 1 Box 1 50 50 2.86 2 Rubber 150 215 6 3 Poly Bag 500 120 75 4 Patti 3 80 3.52 5 Clip 3 60 8.82 Total 143.34 Packaging Material Cost Per Bunch Packaging Cost of Gerbera Flowers is 2.86 ₹ Conclusion:-
  • Visits
  • Sources of Finance 1. Owners Equity. 2. Bank Loan. 3. Government Subsidise.
  • Flow Chart for Obtaining the NHB Subsidy Project Report Preparation By Promoter Submission of Application to Bank / FI for Term Loan (40% min.) Request to NHB by Bank/ FI for In Principal Approval along with Brief Project Profile. Issue of Case No By NHB to Bank/ FI Release of Term Loan by Bank/FI Promoter
  • Submission of II Joint Inspection Report to NHB HQ By State Office of NHB. Presentation of Project for II Release. Release of II and Instalment of Subsidy to Bank /FI by NHB HQ. Only One Inspection Where NHB Subsidy is up to Rs.10 Lacks. After Release of Term Loan Bank /FI write to NHB State Office for I joint Inspection of Project. Continue.....
  •  8 “A”.  7 “A” & 12.  Quote of Plants.  Quote of Irrigation .  Quote of Polyhouse.  Blue Print of Polyhouse.  Bed Layout.  Economic Projections .  General Details of Crop & Marketing Scope .  Owners Details.  Soil & water Analysis Report.  Technical Back-Up Letter. List of Documents Required for Project Report Submission to Bank
  • 1) G.H. Erection Contract Labour Quotation. 2) Plastic Quotation. 3) Plant Quotation. 4) Drip System Quotation. 5) Plastic Fixation Material Quotation. 6) Red Soil Suppliers Quotation. 7) Sand Suppliers Quotation. 8) Shading Net Quotation. 9) Fertilizer Quotation. 10)Insecticide /Fungicide Quotation. List of Quotations Required to Attached with Loan Proposal
  • Procedure for Sanctioning the Bank Loan Application for Loan to Bank Pre Sanction Visit of Bank In Principal Approval/Sanction of Loan by Bank Request to NHB by Bank to issue LOI Bank Sanctioning Authority Detailed Document Submission to Bank Loan Disbursement AB-I to AB-III
  • Marketing Channel of Gerbera Producer Retailer Consumer Producer Wholesaler Retailer Consumer Producer Consumer I II III
  • Sr. No. Intermediary Particulars Channel I II III 1 Producers Selling Price 25 24 23.50 2 Wholesalers Purchase Price - 23.50 Market Cost - - 0.50 Margin - - 2.0 Selling Price - - 25 3 Retailers Purchase Price - 24 25 Market Cost - 2 2 Margin - 4 4 Selling Price - 30 30 4 Consumer Purchasing Price 25 30 30 Producers Share in Consumer Rupees 100% 80% 78.33% Price Spread
  • 10% 70% 20% Channel Wise Flowers Sale Channel I Channel II Channel III
  • SWOT Analysis
  • SWOT Analysis Better Management. Export Level Quality . Effective Marketing Strategy. Proper Utilization of Land. Use of Waste Material in the Farm. Organic Farming Partially. Ideal Project for Research work. Sanitary. Better Supervision By Owner. Strength Weakness  No Bargaining.  Lack of Export.  High Packaging Material Cost.  Unskilled Labour. Opportunity Export the Gerbera Flowers Increase the Source of Income through allied Enterprises . Threats  Changes in Government Polices.  Increasing Number of Competitors Fluctuation in Market Rates
  • Sr.No. Problem Area Problems Suggestions 1. Owner 1.Diversification of Labours 1.Provide Best Facilities. 2.Market Price Fluctuation. 2. Fix Marketing. 2. Technical 1.Problems in Expiry Date of Chemicals and Fertilizers. 1.Inventory Management. 2.Forecasting. Problems and Suggestions
  • Experience Gained
  • CONCLUSIONS 1. Total cost of construction of framed structure is ₹ 9.152 Lakh 2. Total cost of erection of polyhouse structure is ₹ 14.76554 Lakh i.e. ₹ 709.88 per sq.m. 2. Total cost of production per bunch is ₹ 10 3. The average rate of flowers per bunch is ₹ 25.90
  • 6. The Pay back period for the selected polyhouse owner is 2 years 9 months. 7. The NPW of Gerbera Crop is positive hence Project is Financially Feasible and Accepted. 8. The estimated Benefit Cost ratio is 1.26 which is Greater than 1 so Project is Financially Feasible and Accepted. 9. IRR= 38% 10. BEP= 13,74,333 Stem
  • 1) Horticulture training centre (HTC),Talegaon Dabhade. 2) www.htcindia.org 3) Videos from “Nimitya” enterprises on “polyhouse and shed net technology” 4) www.masam.com 5) www.apeda.org 6) Green house management of horticulture, by S.PRASAD .G.K, Agro bios publication. 7) Green house operation and management by Paul.V.Nelson.