Study of Injecting Drug Users In Bahawalpur Pakistan.
Study of Injecting Drug Users In Bahawalpur Pakistan. Zeeshan Ayyaz and Dr. Kate Dolan Amitiel Welfare Society, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. AndNational Drug & Alcohol Research Centre University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia.
Outline of presentation•Drugs•Daily income•Family•School or job suffered•Sharing syringes/needles information•Crime info•Sexual Behavior•Health behavior•Donation of blood•Awareness of HIV•HIV tested and interested in HIV test.
Tablet: Morphine Morphine •Powerful pain killers •Cheap • Normal cost 10 to 15. PKR •Available in Market •Gives a soothing effect •With in a week people get addicted •IDUs dissolve it in Avil and Diazepam ampoule and inject in to the body via intervenesis •Negative out come: stroke, overdose ,death .
Diazepam in liquid form Diazepam •Cheap •Normal cost 8 to 12. PKR. •Easily available •Boost the mood •Used as a relaxant •Improves sleep •People dissolve it in tablet Morphine and inject in to the body by intervenesis
Billah a painter by profession preparing his morning dose
Drug-related harm Overdose HIV/AIDS Hepatitis C Abscesses/ Wounds Crime Community and family problems Economic loss Death 9
Treatment for IDUs Detoxification Psychological counselling Self help 10
Mean and First time using drugs age Their ages ranged from 20-55+ years old with a mean of 34 years. First time drug users ages ranged from 10 to 49 years with a mean age of 18.7 years.
Daily income and daily expenses on drugs use Daily income ranged from 30.to 200.PKR with a mean of 124.PKR. Daily expenses on drug use ranged from 30 to 200.PKR with mean expenses of 97.PKR.
Family and Community attitude Almost near to half said the past family attitude were hatred (48%), (33%) were having a sympathetic attitude and (19%) were having an avoiding attitude. The present family attitude was hatred (75%), avoiding attitude (16%) and sympathetic attitude (9%). Approximately (89%) said the community attitude to them was hatred and (11%) with an avoiding attitude.
Family members involvement When asked about substance users in the IDUs family (45%) said yes and (55%) said no.
School or job suffered Almost all said their job or school performance suffered from drug use, (88%) said yes with (12%) saying no.
Mode of drug use The mode of drug use was (100%) by injection.
Reason of shifting & Drugs overdose The reason for injecting drugs was (63%) said easily available, (20%) said standardize, (15%) said better high and (2%) said purer. Asked have you ever overdosed on any drug (93%) said yes and (7%) said no.
Want to quit drug use Almost all wanted to quit the drugs with (83%) were saying yes and(17%) said no.
Drug related crime info & Have you ever arrested Asked have you ever stolen to buy drugs (89%) said yes and (11%) said no. Asked have you ever been arrested (69%) said yes and (31%) said no.
Sexual Behavior & Use of condom Asked have you ever had sexual intercourse (95%) said yes and (5%) said no. Asked do you use condoms (7%) said yes and (93%) said no.
Health behavior Asked have you ever had health problems due too injecting/ drug use (63%) said yes with wounds, (22%) said with swelling, (6%) said with jaundice, (3% ) said with abscess, (2%) said TBC, (2%) said asthma and (2%) other.
Donation of blood Asked have you ever been donated blood during drug use (49%) said yes and (51%) said no.
Awareness of HIV/AIDS &HIV tested and interested in HIV test. Asked do you know about the HIV/AIDS (15%) said yes and (85%) said no. Asked have you ever been tested for HIV (100%) no said, if no are you interested in being test (78%) yes said and (22%) no said.
Thank you firstname.lastname@example.org And K.email@example.com://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/people/pr ofessor-kate-dolan