Towards Library Network 2.0:
In search of Social Networking Components in
Library Networks
Presented By:-
MS in Library an...
Facets Speakers
Overview Amit Kumar Shaw
UGC- Infonet 2.0 & N-LIST Subhashis Das
Components of Social Networks Sonali Kish...
Library Network
A library network is broadly described as a group of libraries
coming together with some agreement of unde...
The UGC-Infonet is an ambitious programme of UGC to interlink
all the Universities in the country with state-of-art techno...
E- journals and
E - books
changes
the balance of
power
in our libraries
Social Networking
The term social networking refers to a process of relationship
building among a group of people who have...
Social Networking in Libraries
• Social software that enables libraries to interact with and build
community with their pa...
Why Social Networking
• Facebook has more than 845 million active users.
• Hundreds of millions of videos are viewed every...
24*7
Read/ Write Web
Social
Use of Social Networks
• Now social networks are also being used between teachers
and students as a communication tool. Be...
API of Social Network Sites
• Now Facebook , twitter etc. are providing API for enhancing
the services and awareness of Li...
Facebook
LibraryThing
Slideshare
Twitter
Flickr
- UGC- Infonet 2.0 and N-LIST
- Subhashis Das
What is UGC-Infonet?
• The UGC INFONET Digital Library Consortium is major initiative
of University Grants Commission (UGC...
• The UGC-Infonet Network is being switched to BSNL
backbone on 1st April 2010 and renamed as UGC Infonet 2.0.
ON the new ...
Aims and objectives
 to provide access to a high-quality and scholarly electronic
resources to a large
 number of academ...
Cont..
 to promote use of e-resources with gradual decrease in print
subscription;
 to promote interaction and inter-lib...
The Mission
• UGC-Infonet will become a vehicle for Network learning to
facilitate spread of quality education all over th...
Cont..
• UGC-Infonet will be an Intranet for University Automation.
• It will encompass entire University System for most ...
ERNET
•Design & Installation
•Maintenance
•Providing Backbone
•Hosting of Mirror sites
•Training
INFLIBNET
•Decide type of...
Main Features of the UGC-Infonet 2.0
• Scalable Architecture to grow from Universities to affiliated
Colleges.
• Nation-wi...
Main Features of the UGC-Infonet 2.0
• Dedicated Data Center for Web hosting, e-Journals and Mail
Boxes.
• Mirror sites sp...
Who are our users?
 Universities
 Total No. : 311+
 Covered under UGC : 200+
 INFLIBNET supported : 182+ so far
Status...
UGC-Infonet
E-Resources Subscribed under UGC-Infonet 2.0
N-LIST
• N-LIST or National Library and Information
Services Infrastructure for Scholarly Content is
an initiative of the ...
Launching of N-LIST Programme
• This Project jointly executed by the UGC-INFONET Digital
Library Consortium, INFLIBNET Cen...
Current Status
• As on Aug 2, 2010, a total number of 1300 colleges have
registered themselves with the N-LIST programme i...
-Sonali Kalani
Social Networking for Library
Professionals using Facebook
What is Facebook?
• Social networking site which allows visitors to leave
comments, message each other, share photos, vide...
Why Facebook?
• Facebook is the leading social networking site based on monthly
unique visitors, having overtaken main com...
Source: Wikipedia
Source: Wikipedia
Uses of Facebook for Library and Information
Science Professionals:
• The primary function of any library is to acquire, s...
How to use Facebook as a Librarian?
• Create a profile and a group for your library
• Friend all of the students and worke...
Understanding the News Feed
• Facebook employs RSS technology to display information that
has been updated by the Friends ...
Making profile Active
• Update your Status! It takes just a few seconds to reach out to
millions
• Post up-to-date contact...
Case Study
• Conducted by Noushia Parveen, Assistant Professor in CSJM
University, Kanpur, UP.
• To find out the role of s...
Findings of the Study
• Majority of the respondents (42%) prefer Facebook over the
rest of SNS included in survey.
• 55% L...
LIS Forum and LIS Link
-
- Anurodh Kumar Sinha
What is Forum
• The simplistic definition of a forum is a place where people have the
ability to start communication (in t...
LIS-Forum
• LIS-Forum is an e-mail based discussion forum for Library
and Information professionals in India
• It is opera...
Objective
• To act as an electronic forum for library and information
professional
• To discuss issues related to library ...
Features
• To see the collection of prior postings to the list
http://ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/pipermail/lis-forum
• To search t...
LIS-Link
• LIS Links is the India's First and Largest Social Network for
Library and Information Science Professional
• Pr...
Key Services by Lis Links
• It gives details regarding the upcoming events like seminars,
conferences, workshops and the l...
Features
Top 5 Ranks
300
177
174
173
151
State wise
Uttar Pradesh
Maharashtra
Delhi
Karnataka
West Bengal
Top 5 Ranks
3641
516
511
95 85
Profession wise
Librarian
Student
Assistant Librarian
Professor
Research Scholar
Conclusion
-
-Mayukh Biswas
…contd
• During the recent period quite a large number of libraries and
information centers are forming networks. The adve...
Background Information About Social
Networking
• The idea of Social Networking Sites and computer mediated
social interact...
Background Information About Social
Networking… [contd…]
• Two different models then came out in 1999 which were trust
bas...
Positive Aspects
• Encourage development of social skills: provide an easy
to use and cheap way of staying in touch, hence...
Positive Aspects… [contd…]
• Help out companies: Many larger companies have access to
internet profiles, and many prospect...
Criticisms
• Hanson’s “Social Spaces and Scary Places”
– online networking sites, threaten both our privacy and
our trust....
Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites:
• Lack of technological know-how: Most of the aged fellows
are reluctant to s...
Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites:
• Psychological Barrier: weariness and reluctance to co-
operate with the inf...
Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites:
• Knowledge Barrier: Still many of us do not have any
information about such ...
Limitations in Network Development
• A network may fail in the early stages if there is not proper
planning or if adequate...
Conclusion
• In conclusion, it is without any doubt that the popularity and
utilization of generic social networking sites...
Conclusion… [contd…]
• Yet, it is important to be mindful of the problems that arise
from social networking sites and reso...
References
• Al-Dalhani, Sultan.2010. “Exploring the use of social software by master of
library and information science s...
Thank you
Any Question
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries
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  • On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched "Thefacebook", originally located at thefacebook.com
    In March 2004, Facebook expanded to Stanford, Columbia and Yale
    Facebook was incorporated in mid-2004, and the entrepreneur Sean Parker, who had been informally advising Zuckerberg, became the company's president.
    In June 2004, Facebook moved its base of operations to Palo Alto, California.
    Facebook was then opened on September 26, 2006, to everyone of age 13 and older with a valid email address.
  • This is the visualization of distribution of Facebook users and their friends across the world. The dark areas represent the uninhabited places whereas the highlighted areas represent high population density. Sahara desert, Amazon basin, Thar desert, Siberia (ice covered place- Northern Russia), Outback in Australia.
  • RSS (originally RDF Site Summary, often dubbed Really Simple Syndication) is a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works—such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a standardized format.
    An RSS document (which is called a "feed", "web feed” or "channel") includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship.
  • Library Network 2.0 and Social Networking in Libraries

    1. 1. Towards Library Network 2.0: In search of Social Networking Components in Library Networks Presented By:- MS in Library and Information Science Batch :2011 - 2013 Documentation Research and Training Centre Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore
    2. 2. Facets Speakers Overview Amit Kumar Shaw UGC- Infonet 2.0 & N-LIST Subhashis Das Components of Social Networks Sonali Kishore Kalani Library Networks Anurodh Kumar Sinha Conclusion Mayukh Biswas
    3. 3. Library Network A library network is broadly described as a group of libraries coming together with some agreement of understanding to help each other with a view to satisfying the information needs of their clientele or user.
    4. 4. The UGC-Infonet is an ambitious programme of UGC to interlink all the Universities in the country with state-of-art technology. The Network is being switched to BSNL backbone w.e.f 1st April 2010 and renamed as UGC Infonet 2.0.
    5. 5. E- journals and E - books changes the balance of power in our libraries
    6. 6. Social Networking The term social networking refers to a process of relationship building among a group of people who have a common interest . Social networking services allow users to create a profile for themselves and can be broken down into two broad categories. • Internal Social Networking (ISN) • External Social Networking (ESN)
    7. 7. Social Networking in Libraries • Social software that enables libraries to interact with and build community with their patrons. A new way to provide information & offer services to library patrons “where they live”. Another access point to the library & its website. • Social networks have additional features, such as the ability to create groups that share common interests, share photos, upload or stream live videos and hold discussions in forums.
    8. 8. Why Social Networking • Facebook has more than 845 million active users. • Hundreds of millions of videos are viewed every day on YouTube. • Twitter has over 140 million users. • Wikipedia has over 21 million articles written in over 284 languages. • LIS Link and LIS forum has more then 8000 members • There are more then 1000 million photos uploaded to site each month. • Library Thing more than 69 million books had been catalogued • ……………………………………………….
    9. 9. 24*7
    10. 10. Read/ Write Web
    11. 11. Social
    12. 12. Use of Social Networks • Now social networks are also being used between teachers and students as a communication tool. Because many students are already using the of social networking sites, teachers have begun to familiarize themselves with this trend and are now using it to their advantage. • Teachers, lecturers and professors are doing everything from creating chat room forums and groups to extend classroom, discussion to posting assignments, tests to assisting with homework outside of the classroom setting.
    13. 13. API of Social Network Sites • Now Facebook , twitter etc. are providing API for enhancing the services and awareness of Library. Examples: SirsiDynix Social Library
    14. 14. Facebook
    15. 15. LibraryThing
    16. 16. Slideshare
    17. 17. Twitter
    18. 18. Flickr
    19. 19. - UGC- Infonet 2.0 and N-LIST - Subhashis Das
    20. 20. What is UGC-Infonet? • The UGC INFONET Digital Library Consortium is major initiative of University Grants Commission (UGC) to bring qualitative change in academic libraries in India. • The UGC-Infonet Digital Library Consortium was formally launched in December, 2003 by Honorable Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam, the then President of India soon after providing the Internet connectivity to the universities in the year 2003 under the UGC- Infonet programme.
    21. 21. • The UGC-Infonet Network is being switched to BSNL backbone on 1st April 2010 and renamed as UGC Infonet 2.0. ON the new scheme 10 Mbps(1:1) Leased line is being established in 180 plus.
    22. 22. Aims and objectives  to provide access to a high-quality and scholarly electronic resources to a large  number of academic institutions including universities and colleges at substantially lower rates of subscription and at most favorable terms and conditions;  to promote rapid and efficient access to scholarly content to the users and to create and promote use of ICT in teaching and learning in universities in India;  to extend the benefit of Consortium to its associate members including private universities and colleges;
    23. 23. Cont..  to promote use of e-resources with gradual decrease in print subscription;  to promote interaction and inter-library cooperation amongst the participating universities;  to evaluate the usage of the subscribed resources and to identify new resources that are required to be subscribed under the programmed;  to bring qualitative change in teaching, learning and research with an aim to meet the ever growing challenges of globalization of higher education; and  to increase the research productivity of the institutions both in terms of quality and quantity of publications.
    24. 24. The Mission • UGC-Infonet will become a vehicle for Network learning to facilitate spread of quality education all over the country. • It will be a tool distribute education material and journals to the remotest of areas. • It will be a resource for researchers and scholars for tapping the most up-to-date information. • It will form a medium for collaboration among teachers and students, not only within the country but all over the world.
    25. 25. Cont.. • UGC-Infonet will be an Intranet for University Automation. • It will encompass entire University System for most efficient utilisation of precious network resources. • It will establish a channel for Globalisation of Education and facillitate the universities in marketing their services and developments.
    26. 26. ERNET •Design & Installation •Maintenance •Providing Backbone •Hosting of Mirror sites •Training INFLIBNET •Decide type of connectivity •Monitoring of Network •Provide the content in terms of Bibliographic database and e- subscription •Help Universities to setting up IT Infrastructure UGC •Over all monitoring •Constitution of Joint Technical and Tariff committee for smooth execution of project •Providing finance support to the project University •Place firm order to ERNET •Provide necessary accommodation •Identify two persons for training •Campus network/ access center
    27. 27. Main Features of the UGC-Infonet 2.0 • Scalable Architecture to grow from Universities to affiliated Colleges. • Nation-wide Terrestrial Backbone using Fiber Optic links • Linkage with other academic and Research Networks all over the world.
    28. 28. Main Features of the UGC-Infonet 2.0 • Dedicated Data Center for Web hosting, e-Journals and Mail Boxes. • Mirror sites spread all over the country for content hosting. • Broadband Multimedia and Video Channels for Distance Learning.
    29. 29. Who are our users?  Universities  Total No. : 311+  Covered under UGC : 200+  INFLIBNET supported : 182+ so far Status of 182 Universities as on 31st Dec 2011  Colleges  More than 14,000  Govt.- 20%, Private – 80%  Who are likely to be covered in phased manner
    30. 30. UGC-Infonet
    31. 31. E-Resources Subscribed under UGC-Infonet 2.0
    32. 32. N-LIST • N-LIST or National Library and Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly Content is an initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development under its National Mission on education through ICT programme.
    33. 33. Launching of N-LIST Programme • This Project jointly executed by the UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium, INFLIBNET Centre and the INDEST- AICTE Consortium, IIT Delhi was formally launched by Honorable Union Minister of Human Resource Development Shri Kapil Sibal on 4th May, 2010.
    34. 34. Current Status • As on Aug 2, 2010, a total number of 1300 colleges have registered themselves with the N-LIST programme including 786 Govt. / Govt.-aided colleges covered under the 12 B Act of the UGC. • Log-in ID and password for accessing e-resources has been sent to the authorized users from these 786 colleges. Remaining colleges are being advised to join the initiative as N-LIST Associates. • All e-resources subscribed for colleges under the N-LIST Project are now accessible to these 786 colleges through the N-List website.
    35. 35. -Sonali Kalani Social Networking for Library Professionals using Facebook
    36. 36. What is Facebook? • Social networking site which allows visitors to leave comments, message each other, share photos, videos, links, etc. • Founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow students on 4th February, 2004 • Affects the social life and activity of people in various ways • Social phenomenon that connects people • Enables users to choose their own privacy settings and choose who can see specific parts of their profile. • It gives an opportunity to make social contacts and receive fast and quick response
    37. 37. Why Facebook? • Facebook is the leading social networking site based on monthly unique visitors, having overtaken main competitor MySpace in April 2008 (Source: comScore.com) • As of February 2012, Facebook has more than 845 million active users. • In January 2012 the countries with the most Facebook users were: – United States with 152.5 million members, – India with 43.5 million members – Indonesia with 43.1 million members – Brazil with 37.9 million members – Mexico with 32.0 million members Source: Wikipedia
    38. 38. Source: Wikipedia
    39. 39. Source: Wikipedia
    40. 40. Uses of Facebook for Library and Information Science Professionals: • The primary function of any library is to acquire, store and disseminate the information. In the same way Facebook also explores the information variously • The best use of facebook for a librarian can be to project the features and achievements of his library • The information can be shared with library users on Social Networking Sites (SNS) like Facebook • The notification feature in Facebook can be used to notify users of new arrivals in the library • Facebook can act as a medium of interaction between librarian and the users of the library, thus improving its services and making it more accessible
    41. 41. How to use Facebook as a Librarian? • Create a profile and a group for your library • Friend all of the students and workers at your library and add them to the library group • Make the library profile more visible to all and keep it active • Invite students you meet at conferences or seminars and instructional sessions to join the group • Use the group wall as a public discussion forum giving the users a chance to appreciate, criticize or suggest changes to the current library services • These points can be used as action items for the library to meet public expectations
    42. 42. Understanding the News Feed • Facebook employs RSS technology to display information that has been updated by the Friends of a Facebook user • Automatically generated for all Facebook users every time they sign-in. • Easy to read customized digest of recently edited digital content • The profile should be dynamic so that the updates keep appearing in the news feed of friends.
    43. 43. Making profile Active • Update your Status! It takes just a few seconds to reach out to millions • Post up-to-date contact information and office hours • Share information about latest arrivals, favorite authors, famous quotes on the group wall • Making the library profile settings public will make it accessible to a wider group of people
    44. 44. Case Study • Conducted by Noushia Parveen, Assistant Professor in CSJM University, Kanpur, UP. • To find out the role of social networking sites (SNS), [Facebook] in creating awareness among LIS Professionals in University Libraries of UP. • The following five social networking sites were considered for the study – Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Orkut and Yahoo. • Total of 100 questionnaires were randomly distributed among 100 LIS professionals.
    45. 45. Findings of the Study • Majority of the respondents (42%) prefer Facebook over the rest of SNS included in survey. • 55% LIS Professionals used Facebook every day. • 30% respondents were using Facebook to keep themselves updated with current news and information. • 60% respondents agreed that Facebook helps in creating awareness. • 53% respondents were satisfied with Facebook and its features. Source: Noushia Parveen, “Use of Social Networking Site (Facebook) In Making Awareness among the Library and Information Science Professionals of University Libraries of UP: A Case Study,” International Journal of Digital Library Services 1 (2011): 1, accessed April 4, 2012, doi: http://www.ijodls.in/uploads/3/6/0/3/3603729/ijodl2.pdf.
    46. 46. LIS Forum and LIS Link - - Anurodh Kumar Sinha
    47. 47. What is Forum • The simplistic definition of a forum is a place where people have the ability to start communication (in the form of threads) and reply to other people's threads. • A member of the community in the forum posts a message, which is visible to everyone in that community. Once read, there is the option to post a reply, which can also be visible to the community. • Thus, a discussion can build up without all users having to be online at the same time. Need • Its provides member of common interest a platform to interact and discuss among themselves related to the issues. • Sometimes all the members may not available at the same time for discussion
    48. 48. LIS-Forum • LIS-Forum is an e-mail based discussion forum for Library and Information professionals in India • It is operated and maintained by NCSI, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore • It was established in the year 1995 with support from NISSAT, DSIR, Govt. of India • Listserver used to setup and operate the forum is “MAILMAN”
    49. 49. Objective • To act as an electronic forum for library and information professional • To discuss issues related to library and information practices • To act as a medium for quick exchange of information and experiences related to new initiatives
    50. 50. Features • To see the collection of prior postings to the list http://ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/pipermail/lis-forum • To search the collection of prior postings to the list http://ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/pipermail/lis-forum/search.html
    51. 51. LIS-Link • LIS Links is the India's First and Largest Social Network for Library and Information Science Professional • Presently it has 8000+ members • Designed by Badan Barman an academic consultant, Krishna Kanta Handique State Open University, Assam on May 21, 2010 • It is known in India as well as in abroad (more than 100 countries of the world) for its quality and coverage
    52. 52. Key Services by Lis Links • It gives details regarding the upcoming events like seminars, conferences, workshops and the like in LIS domain • One can have the awareness of the various job opportunities in LIS field. • The Link Formats site of Lis Links is targeted to host different formats of documents so that it can be downloaded by professionals and customize it to meet their own needs. • Apart from the mentioned services there is the facilities of Free SMS (Automated and Forced), Email, RSS feed, Facebook, Twitter, Orkut, etc.
    53. 53. Features
    54. 54. Top 5 Ranks 300 177 174 173 151 State wise Uttar Pradesh Maharashtra Delhi Karnataka West Bengal
    55. 55. Top 5 Ranks 3641 516 511 95 85 Profession wise Librarian Student Assistant Librarian Professor Research Scholar
    56. 56. Conclusion - -Mayukh Biswas
    57. 57. …contd • During the recent period quite a large number of libraries and information centers are forming networks. The advent of computer networking as an accepted part of the library and information infrastructure has had a very significant impact on the way in which library and information systems are perceived. India is thus on the threshold to a new era of computer communication networks both for general purposes and for library and information purposes.
    58. 58. Background Information About Social Networking • The idea of Social Networking Sites and computer mediated social interaction was suggested early on. There were many early efforts to support these ideas by sites such as Usenet, LISTSERV, and bulletin board services. • Some early Social networking websites included Classmates.com (1995) which focuses on reconnecting old schoolmates, and SixDegrees.com which focuses on indirect ties. Profiles and friends lists could be created as well as messages sent. While some of these features existed in some form before these websites, this would be the first time that they were available in one whole package on the internet.
    59. 59. Background Information About Social Networking… [contd…] • Two different models then came out in 1999 which were trust based and developed by Eopinions.com and friendship baded. Innovations included not only showing who is friends with whom, but it gave users more security and creativity. • Between 2002-2004 three social networking sites emerged as the most popular sites in the world. First there was Friendster, then MySpace, and finally Bebo. 2004 saw the creation of Facebook. When this network opened up to the non college community in 2006, it became the largest and fastest networking site in the world. • Social networking began to blossom as a component of many business strategies. Various social sites have been created catering to different languages and different countries. Now it is estimated that there are over 200 social networking sites.
    60. 60. Positive Aspects • Encourage development of social skills: provide an easy to use and cheap way of staying in touch, hence allowing individuals to stay in touch with people they might not call or email. Networking sites also expand individual networks in a non-intrusive way. • Make it easier to get answers: make it very easy for individuals to find people that can answer any questions or inquiries they have about common interests or future plans. Many students discuss schoolwork and receive help on tougher subjects.
    61. 61. Positive Aspects… [contd…] • Help out companies: Many larger companies have access to internet profiles, and many prospective employees know that. Employers sometimes look at online profiles in order to gain a better picture of their possible hires before making a decision, which often encourages hopeful employees to keep a professional profile and be thoughtful about the information they make accessible to the public.
    62. 62. Criticisms • Hanson’s “Social Spaces and Scary Places” – online networking sites, threaten both our privacy and our trust. – online networking sites, are making our social relationships more simplistic. • Rajan’s “Shaddup Your Facebook” – social networking sites such as Facebook encourage shallow relationships and oversimplified communication. – People that use internet networking groups to get their “fifteen minutes of fame.”
    63. 63. Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites: • Lack of technological know-how: Most of the aged fellows are reluctant to sign up in the site as one has to undergo several formalities like e-mail ID creation, log in procedures etc. Even the recent generations do not have clear idea regarding how to register, once registered then how to post the queries and to get the answers. Many of LIS fellows can not afford to have a PC and internet connectivity which create the so called ‘digital- divide’.
    64. 64. Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites: • Psychological Barrier: weariness and reluctance to co- operate with the information providers, shyness, mistrust, unhappiness over the procedure, question of prestige, ignorance are the few reasons for making psychological obstacles. • Language Barrier: It is a heterogeneous site so the language has to be standardized this standardization can create barriers to the exchange of ideas. As most of the conversations are in English so the one who is not well accustomed with English will not be able to communicate properly.
    65. 65. Hindrances of using Social Networking Sites: • Knowledge Barrier: Still many of us do not have any information about such site. Due to this lack of knowledge many persons related to LIS are unable to be a part of this site. • Social Barriers: The social psychological phenomenon of individual of each class strata, values and behaviors of each individual of each class strata in the society can put to social barriers.
    66. 66. Limitations in Network Development • A network may fail in the early stages if there is not proper planning or if adequate funds are not available. Moreover, a common memorandum of agreement signed by the participating libraries at the institutional level is essential for the success of a network venture. On a more practical level, catalog data must be in a standard, machine readable form for it to be shared and exchanged. And, finally, a continuous flow of external assistance is crucial for the network's survival.
    67. 67. Conclusion • In conclusion, it is without any doubt that the popularity and utilization of generic social networking sites will continue to rise as time goes on. This is because a social networking site, unlike any other tool we possess, enables us to stay connected despite the hindrances of distance and time. Also, in a world that is becoming more and more connected each day, the invaluable opportunity to create business relationships and perform collaborations might become more dynamically evident in the future.
    68. 68. Conclusion… [contd…] • Yet, it is important to be mindful of the problems that arise from social networking sites and resolve them before they become endemic. Such problems include online bullying, stalking, and soliciting must be heavily policed so that social networking sites remain useful, safe, and fun. Recently in the news we have heard about a thirteen year-old girl who committed suicide after she was publically hazed on a networking site. This is a problem that needs to be addressed by site executives, legislators, and people in any regular community. Above all social networking sites should remain as vehicles in which larger communities can be formed and expressed.
    69. 69. References • Al-Dalhani, Sultan.2010. “Exploring the use of social software by master of library and information science student.” Library Review 5(2): 117-131. • Shaheen, M.A.2008 “.Use of social networks and information seeking behavior of students during political crises in Pakistan”: A case study. The International Information & Library Review40:142-147. • Noushia Parveen.2011 “Use of Social Networking Site (Facebook) In Making Awareness among the Library and Information Science Professionals of University Libraries of UP: A Case Study,” International Journal of Digital Library Services 1: 1, accessed April 4, 2012, doi: http://www.ijodls.in/uploads/3/6/0/3/3603729/ijodl2.pdf. • http://ncsi.iisc.ernet.in/mailman/listinfo/lis-forum (Accessed on 08/04/12; 12:40pm) • http://lislinks.com/ (Accessed on 08/04/12; 3:45pm) • http://lislinks.com/profiles/members/advancedSearch#axzz1hp4JkuE4 (Accessed on 19/04/12; 4:10pm)
    70. 70. Thank you
    71. 71. Any Question
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