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Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
Digital presevation
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Digital presevation

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Digital Preservation: An Overview

Digital Preservation: An Overview

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  • 1. DIGITAL PRESERVATION AN OVERVIEW AMIT KUMAR SHAW, MS(LIS) 1ST SEMESTER INDIAN STATISTICAL INSTITUTE, DRTC, BANGALORENational Conference on Digital Right Management in Library (NCDRML 2012) March 1-2, 2012 Organized by Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata Library
  • 2. AGENDA1. DEFINITIONS2. NEED FOR DIGITAL PRESERVATION3. CHALLENGES OF DIGITAL PRESERVATION4. DIGITAL PRESERVATION STRATEGIES5. INTERNATIONAL INITIATIVES AND COLLABORATIONS6. METADATA: EAD7. CONCLUSION6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 2
  • 3. DEFINATIONDigital preservation refers to the various methods of keeping digital materials alive into the future.The need for digital preservation touches all our lives, whether we work in commercial or public sector institutions, engage in e-commerce, participate in e-government, or use a digital camera.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 3
  • 4. NEED FOR DIGITALPRESERVATION• If the unique information objects that are vulnerable and sensitive and therefore subject to risks can be preserved and protected;• If the preservation ensures long-term accessibility for researchers and the public use;• If preservation fosters the accountability of the governments and organisations;• If there is an economic or societal advantage in re-using information ,or• If there is a legal requirement to keep it.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 4
  • 5. NEED FOR DIGITALPRESERVATION• Users’ perspective: User’s expectation is always changing, yet users, specially research scholars need both traditional documents and electronic documents or old information and current information.• Institution’s responsibility: Libraries, archives and other custodians have responsibility for their any properties. So institution should plan for digital materials including their maintenance, preservation, and distribution.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 5
  • 6. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE OFDIGITAL PRESERVATION• Developing the standards for digital preservation and encouraging their use.• Influencing the data creation where possible.• Increasing collaboration and engaging stakeholders in digital preservation.• Developing policy about digital preservation.• Ensuring the legal rights do not impede digital preservation.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 6
  • 7. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE OFDIGITAL PRESERVATION• Determining which digital materials, and what attributes of them, it is crucial to maintain access.• Integrating digital preservation into mainstream operations.• Taking action now, even if on a small scale.• Maintaining access to the preserved digital materials.• Maintaining the authenticity and integrity of the preserved digital materials.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 7
  • 8. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURE OFDIGITAL PRESERVATION• Developing the better costing data.• Securing the funding for digital preservation.• Increasing the awareness about the digital preservation.• Developing the skills required for digital preservation.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 8
  • 9. DIGITAL PRESERVATIONSTRATEGIES• Technology preservation• Technology emulation• Digital information migration• Encapsulation• Refreshing• ReplicationA librarian can select the most appropriate long-term preservation strategies for the library orarchive for preserving the digital resources.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 9
  • 10. REPLICATIONKeeping multiple copies – replication – is a longestablished preservation technique in libraries,valued for its ‘built in high redundancy andprotections against loss of information though theftand disaster.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 10
  • 11. MIGRATIONIt means to copy data, or to convert data from onetechnology to another, whether hardware orsoftware, preserving the essential characteristicsof the data.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 11
  • 12. INTERNATIONAL INITIATIVES ANDCOLLABORATIONS• The Internet Archive (www.archive.org)• IIPC(www.netpreserve.org)• JSTOR (www.jstor.org)• DSpace (www.dpsace.org)• LOCKSS (locks.stanford.edu)• UNESCO (www.unesco.org)• RLG (www.rlg.org)• OCLC (www.oclc.org)6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 12
  • 13. ENCODED ARCHIVALDESCRIPTION (EAD)• Encoded Archival Description Working Group of the Society of American Archivists• Network Development and MARC Standards Office of the Library of Congress• EAD Working Group • Representatives from RLG, LC, Canada, UK, variety of repositories in US • New representation: Australia ,France, Germany, and Sweden.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 13
  • 14. WHO ARE IMPLEMENTEDEAD • University of Western Australia • Library of Congress • Online Archive of California (55 repositories) • National Library of Australia • State Library of New South Wales • Oxford University • Harvard University • Yale University http://www.archivists.org/saagroups/ead/implementors.h tml6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 14
  • 15. SAMPLE OF DIGITAL LIBRARY/ARCHIVE PROJECTS• http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html• http://www.oac.cdlib.org/• http://www.ohiomemory.org/index.html• http://www.library.yale.edu/mssa/• http://www.marquette.edu/library/MUDC/• http://www.library.uiuc.edu/archives/coll/dl/bot/bo t.html• http://nationalarchives.nic.in/default.aspx6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 15
  • 16. EXAMPLES6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 16
  • 17. NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF INDIA LIBRARYThe National Archives of India is the repository of the non-current records of the Government of India. It was set up in March 1891 in Calcutta (Kolkata) as the Imperial Record Department and subsequent to the transfer of the National Capital from Calcutta to New Delhi in 1911. It presently has in its custody over 1,70,000 publications comprising Rare books, Reports, Parliamentary Papers and Debates, Monographs, Gazettes, Native Newspapers, Journals etc. 6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 17
  • 18. CONCULISIONThe resources need to preserve for ongoingavailability and confidence in the futureaccessibility of these materials. Preservation is animportant core areas which are steadily, improvingto attain the objective of the parent organizations.It allows long-time storage and perpetual access todigital information for the benefit of education andresearch.6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 18
  • 19. REFERENCES• Saur, K. G. (2005). Preserving Digital Materials. Munchen• [2]Granger, Stewert (2000). Emulation as a Digital Preservation Strategy. D- Lib Magazine 6 (10). http://www.dlib.org:80/dlib/octoer00/10granger.html• Kresh, Diane (2009). The Whole Digital Library Handbook. Indiana Publishing House.• Deegan, Marilyn & Tanner, Simon (2002). Digital futures : strategies for the information age. Library Association Publishing.• Lazinger, Susan S. (2001). Digital Preservation and Metadata: History, Theory, Practice. Greenwood Publishing Group 6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 19
  • 20. Thank You6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 20
  • 21. ANY QUESTION ?6 July 2012 Amit Shaw,DRTC 21

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