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Ppt 1

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Transcript

  • 1. Lecture 1
  • 2. Environmental Literacy
    • Capability for a contextual and detailed understanding of an environmental problem in order to enable analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and ultimately sound and informed decision making at a citizen’s level.
  • 3. Environment Literacy
    • Citizens should have the knowledge, tools, and sensitivity to properly address an environmental problem
    • Practices, activities and feelings grounded in familiarity and sound knowledge
    • A comprehensive EL course includes scientific, social economic, organizational, and ethical dimensions to understand the inter-connected nature of environmental problems, the societal and individual decision-making
    • EL course should also include role of individual and decision-making with regard to the economy, ways of living and technology choices.
  • 4. Importance of Environmental Education
    • Environment is the physical and biotic habitat that surrounds us
    • Environmental issues affect, and are affected by, all our activities to varying degrees.
    • Alerting the public to the need to achieve global sustainable development and the likely consequences of failing to do so.
    • Focusing the educational curricula for global sustainable development by incorporating the know-how and skills also the moral imperatives
    • Ecological inter-dependence of economic, social and political factors
    • Create environmental ethics to foster awareness about environment
    • Change in values, attitudes required
    • Environmental education is evolving to be the education for sustainable and ethical development, both at a local and global level
  • 5. Importance of Environmental Education (contd.)
    • Knowledge about the environment promotes attitudinal and behavior change
    • Environmental education is an agent of change and a step toward community empowerment
    • Environmental education aims at increasing public awareness and knowledge about environmental issues
    • Provides facts, opinions, or skills to make informed decisions and take environmental decisions and take responsible actions
    • It does not advocate a particular point of view or course of actions
    • It teaches individuals the pros and cons of an issue through critical thinking and enhances their problem-solving skills
  • 6. Conserve the Environment
  • 7. Environment Impact Assessment
    • Formal process used to predict the environmental consequences of any developmental project.
    • EIA ensures that potential problems are foreseen and addresses at an early stage in the project planning and design.
    • EIA is intended to identify the environmental, social and economic impacts of a proposed development prior to decision making.
    • See pages 261-266, Benny Joseph
  • 8. The EIA Process
    • There are two distinct stages in the EIA process:
    • Preliminary assessment: carried out in the early stages
    • Detailed assessment: carried out during project planning and reported as Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
    • The key elements of an EIA are the following:
    • Scoping: identify key issues and concerns of interested parties
    • Screening: decide whether an EIA is required based on information collected
    • Identifying and evaluating alternatives
    • Mitigating measures to deal with uncertainty: review proposed action to prevent or
    • minimize potential adverse effects of the project
    • Issuing environmental statements: reporting the findings of EIA
  • 9. Participants in EIA Process
    • Proponent: Government or Private agency which initiates the project
    • Decision maker: Designated individual or group
    • Assessor: Agency responsible for preparation of EIS
    • Reviewer: Individual/Agency/Board
    • Expert advisors, Media and Public, Environmental organizations
  • 10. Environment Impact Statement Contents
    • Description of proposed action (construction, operation and shut down) and selection of alternatives to the proposed action
    • Nature and magnitude of the likely environmental effects
    • Possibility of earthquakes and cyclones
    • Possible effects on surface and ground water quality, soil and air quality
    • Effects on vegetation, wild life and endangered species
    • Economic and demographic factors
    • Identification of relevant human concerns
    • Noise pollution. Efficient use of inputs
    • Recycling and reduction of waste
    • Risk analysis and disaster management
  • 11. Design of EIA
    • Important aspects that should be considered
    • for the design of EIA are listed below:
    • Project design and construction
    • Project operation
    • Site characteristics
    • Possible environmental impacts
    • Socio-economic and socio-political factors
    • Availability of information and resources
  • 12. Importance of EIA
    • It is Government policy that any industrial project has to obtain EIA clearance from the Ministry of Environment
    • EIA is potentially useful component of good environmental management
    • EIA Agencies in India
    • Central Pollution Control Board, New Delhi
    • National Institution of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad
    • Quality Monitoring and Research Laboratory, Mumbai
    • International EIA Agencies
    • WHO
    • United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
  • 13. Polluter-pays-principle
    • Those who pollute must pay for the damages they have caused
    • The ideas originated in the 1970s when members of OECD countries introduced a system where pollution costs are to be paid by the polluters and not by the public
    • It is widely accepted but often ignored
  • 14. How can you make a difference? To see a world in a grain of sand And a Heaven in a wild flower Hold infinity in the Palm of your hand And Eternity in an Hour William Blake
  • 15. Summary
    • Environmental literacy
    • Importance of environmental education
    • Environment Impact Assessment
    • Polluter-pays-principle
  • 16. The End