Manpower Planning
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  • 1. MANPOWER PLANNING
    BY:
    JitenderRajakAmitYadav
    Priyank Singh Shailesh Kumar
    RahulSinhaVivekanand
    Abu NasarMukeshLal
    Basant Kumar
    12/16/2008 6:50:31 PM
    1
  • 2. What is Manpower planning(MPP)?
    “Human resource planning is the process of determining manpower requirements and the means for meeting those requirements in order to carry out the integrated plan of the organization”.
    MPP Consists of :
    Forecasting
    Developing
    Controlling
    12/16/2008 6:50:25 PM
    2
  • 3. Why MPP?
    Ascertaining manpower needs in number and kind.
    It presents an inventory of existing manpower of the organization.
    Helps in determining the shortfall or surplus of manpower.
    Initiation of various organizational programmes.
    Acquisition, utilization, improvement and prevention of human resources.
    12/16/2008 6:55:11 PM
    3
  • 4. Importance of MPP
    It checks the corporate plan of the organization.
    It helps to face the shortage of certain categories of employees and/or variety of skills despite the problem of unemployment.
    The rapid changes in technology, marketing, management etc. and the consequent need for new skills and new categories of employees.
    The changes in organization design and structure affecting manpower demand.
    12/16/2008 6:57:04 PM
    4
  • 5. Requirements of MPP at diff. levels:
    • National Level
    • 6. Sector level
    • 7. Industry level
    • 8. Individual unit
    12/16/2008 6:58:12 PM
    5
  • 9. Human Resource Planning System.
    Long Range Objective and Plans
    Overall Requirements for human resources
    Inventory of present human resources
    Net New Human resources requiremnt
    Action Programme for recruiting and selecting needed personnel.
    Procedure for evaluating effectiveness of human resource planning.
    Short term goals plans programmes and budgets
    Work force requiremnts by occupational categorie
    Inventory by occupational categories
    Needed replacemnts or additions
    Plans for upgrading, developing, transferring in recriting.
    12/16/2008 7:00:03 PM
    6
  • 10. Affecting Human Resource Plan Factors
    Internal Factors
    External Factors
    12/16/2008 7:03:50 PM
    7
  • 11. Internal Factors
    Policies and strategies of the company.
    Human resource policy of the company.
    Formal and Informal groups.
    Time Horizons (long term or short term).
    Company’s production operations policy.
    Trade Unions
    12/16/2008 7:04:07 PM
    8
  • 12. External Factors
    Government’s policies.
    Business environment.
    Level of Technology.
    Social Factors.
    International Factors.
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    9
  • 13. Problems in Human Resource Planning
    Resistance by employer
    Resistance by employees
    Resistance by trade unions
    Uncertainties
    Inadequacies of Information system
    Identify crisis
    Slow and gradual process
    Co-ordination with other management functions
    Integration with organizational plans
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    10
  • 14. Stages in Human Resource Planning:
    Analyzing org
    2. Demand forecasting
    Managerial Judgement
    Work study techniques
    Employment trends
    Replacement needs
    Growth and expansion
    Productivity
    3. Supply Forecasting
    Existing inventory
    Potential losses – temporary/permanent
    Potential additions
    Estimating the net human resource requirement
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    11
  • 15. Contd…
    In case of future surplus – plan for redeployment, retrenchment and lay-off
    In case of future deficit – forecast the future supply of human resources from all sources with reference to plans of other companies
    Plan for recruitment, development and internal mobility if future supply is more than or equal to net human resource requirements
    Plan to modify or adjust the organizational plan if future supply will be inadequate with reference to future net requirements.
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    12
  • 16. Effect of recession
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    13
  • 17. Thank You
    12/16/2008 6:50:21 PM
    14