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History of Communications
3500 BC to
2900 BC

• The Phoenicians develop an
alphabet.
• The Sumerians develop
cuneiform wri...
History of Communications
1775 BC

1400 BC
1270 BC

• Greeks use a phonetic
alphabet written from left to
right.
• Oldest ...
History of Communications
900 BC
776 BC

• The very first postal service for government use in China.
• First recorded use...
History of Communications
530 BC
500 BC
to 170 BC

105 BC

• The Greeks start the very first
library.
• Papyrus rolls and ...
History of Communications
200 to
100 BC

• Human messengers on foot
or horseback common in
Egypt and China with
messenger ...
History of Communications
14 AD
37 AD

100 AD

• Romans establish postal
services.
• Heliographs - mirrors first used
to s...
History of Communications
305 AD

1049 AD

1450 AD

• First wooden printing presses
invented in China - symbols
carved on ...
History of Communications
1455

1560
1650

• Johannes Gutenberg invents a
printing press with metal
movable type.
• Camera...
History of Communications
1714

1793

1814

• Englishmen, Henry Mill
receives the first patent for a
typewriter.
• Claude ...
History of Communications
1821

1831
1835

• Charles Wheatstone
reproduces sound in a
primitive sound box - the first
spea...
History of Communications
1843

1861

• Samuel Morse creates the first
long distance electric telegraph
line.
• Alexander ...
History of Communications
1861

1867

• Coleman Sellers invents the
Kinematoscope - a machine
that flashed a series of sti...
History of Communications
1876

• Thomas Edison patents the
mimeograph - an office copying
machine.
• Alexander Graham Bel...
History of Communications
1877

• Thomas Edison patents the
phonograph - with a wax
cylinder as recording medium.
• Eadwea...
History of Communications
1887

1889

• Emile Berliner invents the
gramophone - a system of
recording which could be used
...
History of Communications
1894

1899

• Guglielmo Marconi improves
wireless telegraphy.
• First telephone answering
machin...
History of Communications
1902

1904

• Marconi transmits radio signals
from Cornwall to Newfoundland the first radio sign...
History of Communications
1910 • Thomas Edison demonstrates

the first talking motion picture.
It will be 17 years until “...
History of Communications
1923 • The television or iconoscope

(cathode-ray tube) invented by
Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - fi...
History of Communications
1926 • Warner Brothers Studios

invents a way to record sound
separately from the film on
large ...
History of Communications
1927 • NBC starts two radio networks.

• CBS founded.
• First television broadcast in
England.
•...
History of Communications
1930 • Radio popularity spreads with

the "Golden Age" of radio.
• First television broadcasts i...
History of Communications
1934 • Joseph Begun invents the first

magnetic tape recorder for
recording location audio.
1938...
History of Communications
1944 • Computers like Harvard's Mark I

put into public service - the age
of Information Science...
History of Communications
1949 • Network television starts in U.S.

and NBC is the First Network
• 45 rpm record invented
...
History of Communications
1958 • Integrated Circuit invented

enabling the further
miniaturization of electronic
devices a...
History of Communications
1969 • ARPANET - the first Internet

-started by MIT.
1971 • The floppy disc is invented.
• The ...
History of Communications
1976 • First Apple home computer

invented.
• First nationwide programming
via satellite - imple...
History of Communications
1980 • Sony Walkman invented.

• First IBM PC sold.
• First laptop computers sold to
public.
198...
History of Communications
1983 • Time magazines names the

computer as "Man of the Year."
• First cellular phone network
s...
History of Communications
1985 • Cellular telephones in cars

become wide-spread.
• CD-ROMs in computers.
1994 • American ...
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History of-communications-1221763652963426-9

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Transcript of "History of-communications-1221763652963426-9"

  1. 1. History of Communications 3500 BC to 2900 BC • The Phoenicians develop an alphabet. • The Sumerians develop cuneiform writing pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets. • The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic writing
  2. 2. History of Communications 1775 BC 1400 BC 1270 BC • Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written from left to right. • Oldest record of writing in China on bones. • The first encyclopedia is written in Syria.
  3. 3. History of Communications 900 BC 776 BC • The very first postal service for government use in China. • First recorded use of homing pigeons to send messages Announcing the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.
  4. 4. History of Communications 530 BC 500 BC to 170 BC 105 BC • The Greeks start the very first library. • Papyrus rolls and early parchments made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces. • Tsai Lun of China invents paper as we know it.
  5. 5. History of Communications 200 to 100 BC • Human messengers on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations built along the route. • Sometimes fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans.
  6. 6. History of Communications 14 AD 37 AD 100 AD • Romans establish postal services. • Heliographs - mirrors first used to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius. • First bound books.
  7. 7. History of Communications 305 AD 1049 AD 1450 AD • First wooden printing presses invented in China - symbols carved on a wooden block. • Movable type (made of clay) invented in China by Pi Sheng • First bound books. • Newspapers appear in Europe.
  8. 8. History of Communications 1455 1560 1650 • Johannes Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type. • Camera Obscura invented primitive image making. • Leipzig German merchant and printer, Timotheus Ritzsch, prints first daily newspaper.
  9. 9. History of Communications 1714 1793 1814 • Englishmen, Henry Mill receives the first patent for a typewriter. • Claude Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore telegraph line. • Joseph Niépce achieves the first photographic image.
  10. 10. History of Communications 1821 1831 1835 • Charles Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first speaker. • Joseph Henry invents the first electric telegraph. • Samuel Morse invents Morse code.
  11. 11. History of Communications 1843 1861 • Samuel Morse creates the first long distance electric telegraph line. • Alexander Bain patents the first fax machine. • United States starts the Pony Express for mail delivery.
  12. 12. History of Communications 1861 1867 • Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope - a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen. • Christopher Shoales creates the first successful modern typewriter.
  13. 13. History of Communications 1876 • Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph - an office copying machine. • Alexander Graham Bell patents the electric telephone. • Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal System for ordering library books.
  14. 14. History of Communications 1877 • Thomas Edison patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium. • Eadweard Muybridge invents high speed photography creating first moving pictures that captured motion.
  15. 15. History of Communications 1887 1889 • Emile Berliner invents the gramophone - a system of recording which could be used over and over again. • George Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera. • Almon Strowger patents the direct dial telephone.
  16. 16. History of Communications 1894 1899 • Guglielmo Marconi improves wireless telegraphy. • First telephone answering machines appear. • Valdemar Poulsen invents the first magnetic recording device using magnetized steel tape. • Loudspeakers invented.
  17. 17. History of Communications 1902 1904 • Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland the first radio signal to cross the Atlantic Ocean • First regular comic books. • Lee Deforest invents an electronic amplifying tube improving radios and telephones
  18. 18. History of Communications 1910 • Thomas Edison demonstrates the first talking motion picture. It will be 17 years until “talkies” 1914 • First cross country telephone call made. 1916 • First radios with tuners begin to broadcast different stations
  19. 19. History of Communications 1923 • The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television camera. 1925 • John Logie Baird transmits the first experimental television signal.
  20. 20. History of Communications 1926 • Warner Brothers Studios invents a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and to synchronize the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas Edison's work.
  21. 21. History of Communications 1927 • NBC starts two radio networks. • CBS founded. • First television broadcast in England. • Warner Brothers releases “The Jazz Singer” the first successful talking motion picture.
  22. 22. History of Communications 1930 • Radio popularity spreads with the "Golden Age" of radio. • First television broadcasts in the United States. • Movietone system of recording film sound on an audio track right on the film invented.
  23. 23. History of Communications 1934 • Joseph Begun invents the first magnetic tape recorder for recording location audio. 1938 • Television broadcasts are now able to be taped and edited rather than only live or on film. 1939 • Scheduled regular television broadcasts begin.
  24. 24. History of Communications 1944 • Computers like Harvard's Mark I put into public service - the age of Information Science begins 1948 • Long playing record invented vinyl and played at 33 rpm. • Transistor invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices.
  25. 25. History of Communications 1949 • Network television starts in U.S. and NBC is the First Network • 45 rpm record invented 1951 • Computers are first sold commercially. 1958 • Chester Carlson invents the photocopier or Xerox machine.
  26. 26. History of Communications 1958 • Integrated Circuit invented enabling the further miniaturization of electronic devices and computers. 1963 • Zip codes invented in the US 1966 • Xerox invents the Telecopier the first successful fax machine.
  27. 27. History of Communications 1969 • ARPANET - the first Internet -started by MIT. 1971 • The floppy disc is invented. • The microprocessor is invented - called a “computer on a chip” 1972 • HBO invents pay-TV service for cable.
  28. 28. History of Communications 1976 • First Apple home computer invented. • First nationwide programming via satellite - implemented by Ted Turner. 1979 • First cellular phone communication network started in Japan.
  29. 29. History of Communications 1980 • Sony Walkman invented. • First IBM PC sold. • First laptop computers sold to public. 1981 • Computer mouse becomes regular part of computer.
  30. 30. History of Communications 1983 • Time magazines names the computer as "Man of the Year." • First cellular phone network started in the United States. 1984 • Apple Macintosh released. • IBM PC AT released.
  31. 31. History of Communications 1985 • Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread. • CD-ROMs in computers. 1994 • American government releases control of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed.
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