3. The Bantu people could track animals across long distances and identify the food and healing properties of many different plants.
4. What did some people trade fish for?
5. Some people traded fish for grain, animal skins, and other products made by people who lived inland.
6. What is the definition of slash-and-burn agriculture?
7. Slash-and-burn agriculture is a farming method in which forest and brush are cut down and burned to create planting fields.
8. What did women do in West Africa?
9. Women took the dominant role in the marketplace or acted as official peacemakers in the village.
10. What did villages in a large kingdom had to do?
11. Villagers in a large kingdom had to pay taxes.
12. How was the king of Kongo selected?
13. The king was chosen by a board of electors and had to govern according to traditional laws.
14. What did the king collect through local governors?
15. Through local governors, the king collected taxes either in goods or in cowrie shells, a common African currency.
16. What did the people use to catch the fish?
17. They used fishing nets they made.
18. What is the definition of patrilineal?
19. Patrilineal is a term for a family organization in which kinship ties are traced through the father.
20. What was special about matrilineal cultures?
21. They had very strong brotherly and sisterly ties.
22. How did village Africans identify the forces of nature?
23. They identified the forces of nature with divine spirits and tried to influence those forces through rituals and ceremonies.
24. In what ways did many societies in Africa use masks for?
25. Many societies in Africa used masks in religious ceremonies.
26. What did African people create their art works in?
27. African artists created works in ivory, wood, and bronze.
28. What did Artisans create?
29. Artisans wove and dyed cloth, inscribed jugs and bowls, and shaped bracelets and neck ornaments simply for beauty.
30. What did Art do to people?
31. Art strengthened bonds within the community and linked both the makers and users of work.
32. What do patterns used to decorate?
33. Patterns used to decorate textiles, baskets, swords, and other objects that had important meanings.
34. What did patterns identify?
35. Patterns identified an object as the work of a clan or the possession of a royalty.
36. What did leaders wear during rituals?
37. Leaders wore impressively carved wooden masks decorated with cowrie shells or grass. Once, the mask was in place, both the wearer and viewers could feel the presence of the spiritual force it represented.
38. How did African societies preserve histories?
39. African Societies preserved their histories by both oral and written literature.
40. What did the documents in Arabic offer?
41. Historical records in the parts of Africa that is Muslim.
42. What are griots?
43. Griots were professional poets.
44. How did griots preserve histories and traditional folks?
45. Griots preserved both histories and traditional folk tales by telling the people stories.
46. What did History praise?
47. Histories praised the heroic deeds of famous ancestors or kings.
48. What taught a moral lesson?
49. Folk tales taught important moral lessons.
50. What objects were used in religious ceremonies?