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Dr.amina ather niew gh ppt-6thnov 2009-country paper.

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  • 1. Country paperINDIADr. Amina AtherTeam LeadIFRTKBangaloreINDIAGender and health–Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 2. IntroductionGender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 3. Beautiful peninsula, a subcontinent.India is a beautiful peninsula which holds Asia at its southern region and it has strongercultural diversities, extending to various ethnic groups biologically originate with in theborders like the Hindu and many other invasive ethnicities Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 4. Geographic distribution...  Geographic CoordinatesLying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the Country extends between 8° 4 and 37° 6latitudes north of the Equator, and 68° 7 and 97° 25 longitudes east of it.Area3.3 Million sq. kmBorder CountriesAfghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north; Myanmarto the east; and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India bya narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.ClimateThe climate of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon one. But, in spite ofmuch of the northern part of India lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has atropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures and dry winters. There are fourseasons: winter (December-February) summer (March-June) south-west monsoon season(June-September) post monsoon season (October-November) Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 5. Socio economic distribution...The food price spike was caused by a combination of factors (see Wiggins, 2008), theeffects of which are complex and vary between countries. At a national level, theimpacts of the food crisis depend on a country’s degree of integration with world pricesand its national production patterns, i.e. whether it is a net importer or exporter of food.At the household level, the impact of the food price spike depends on a number ofinterrelated factors. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 6. PopulationPopulation:1,166,079,217 (2009 est)Growth rate:1.548% (2009 est)Birth rate:22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 )Death rate:6.4 deaths/1,000 population (2009 )Life expectancy:69.89 years (2009 )–male:67.46 years (2009 )–female:72.61 years (2009 )Fertility rate:2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008) Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 7. Fertility rate Total Population  1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est. CIA)[22] 1,028.7 million (2001 Census final figures, March 1 enumeration and estimated 124,000 in areas of Manipur that could not be covered in the enumeration.Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 8. CultureReligious Composition  Population (%)Hindus 827,578,868 80.50%Muslims 138,188,240 13.4%Christians 24,080,016 2.3%Sikhs 19,215,730 1.9%Buddhists 7,955,207 0.8%Jains 4,225,053 0.4%Other Religions & Persuasions 6,639,626 0.6%Religion not stated 727,588 0.1%Total*1,028,610,328100.0% Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 9. Categories: India templates Ethnicity Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 10. Ethnicity …This tree diagram depicts the relationships of the major ethnic, linguistic and religious groups in India. For example, an H under Gujarati implies a Hindu, Gujarati-speaking Indian of Indo-Aryan ancestry. However this is not a hard and fast rule. For example, in South India many members of the Muslim community are of Arab, Iranians or Turks origin, but have Kannada as their first language. This list excludes caste groups like the Dalits which is a socio-political identity across linguistic, religious and racial lines. Indeed, it should be noted that the terms Indo-Aryan and Dravidian’ refer more to the linguistic difference rather than racial differences. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 11. Overall health issues•Tuberculosis•Leprosy•Iron-deficiency anaemia•HIV AIDS•Filariasis•Dengu fever•Kala Azar•Environmental sanitation problem. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 12. AnemiaPrevalence is high due to poverty and an inadequate diet 23 Two billion people globally suffer from iron deficiency 87 per cent of pregnant women suffer from anaemiaInsufficient quantity of iron-rich foods and “iron enhancers” in the diet (foods rich invitamin C such as citrus fruits), and low bioavailability of dietary iron (e.g. foodscontaining only non-hemeiron)• Excessive quantity of “iron inhibitors” in diet, especially during mealtimes (e.g.tea, coffee; calcium- rich foods)• Iron loss during menstruation• Poor iron stores from infancy and childhood deficiencies• Iron loss from post-partum haemorrhage• Increased iron requirement due to tissue, blood and energy requirements duringpregnancy, and in some areas, due to heavy workloads• Teenage pregnancy• Repeated pregnancies with less than 2 years’ interval• Poor environmental sanitation, unsafe drinking water and inadequate personalhygiene. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 13. Prevalence chart .The National Health Policy (NHP) - 2002 envisages increasing public healthinvestment from current level 0.9 percent of GDP to 2 percent of GDP by2010. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 14. Suggestions…Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common form of malnutrition in the world and is the eighth leading cause of disease in girls and women in developing countries. Supplementation of pregnant women remains the cornerstone policy for reducing anemia among women of reproductive age, because the demands of child-bearing, high fertility rates, and breastfeeding are associated with under nutrition and maternal depletion.Infant mortality rate in India stands at 57 per 1,000 live births while neonatalmortality rate - deaths in the first month of life - stands at 43 per 1,000 live births.Every year, about 78,000 mothers die in childbirth and from complications ofpregnancy in India, according to the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF). livebirths.Maternal mortality rate stands at 450 per 100,000 live births.  Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 15. Unani medicineCommon Indian Unani names ; Tain ,Anjeer : Botanical name- Ficus carica LINN  :English name –FigCommon Indian Unani names ; Shanjana: Munge ke bhage : Botanical name –Moring officinallis LINN : English name MoringaCommon Indian Unani names ; Khurma : Khajoor : Botanical name- Phoenix dactylifera ,English name –Dates Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 16. Women initiative..Women have the right to safe sex every time. • Women should insist and negotiate on use of condoms with their partners. • Women need to ask for recognition and the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes that affect their bodies and lives. • Women need to increase their awareness and communication skills for collective advocacy for sexual and reproductive rights. • Women need to work collectively and organize themselves to plan and mobilize resources for anemia prevention and care. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 17. Preventive strategiesThe four basic approaches for prevention of anemia are:a) Supplementation with medicinal iron. b) Dietary modifications. c) The control of infection. d) The fortification of a staple food with iron. Service providers must be equipped to counsel mothers andcommunity members on the importance of controlling anemia. Moreoverthe knowledge of health care providers regarding NNACP (nationalnutritional control programme) , programme needs to be strengthened 25.Non-vegetarian dietary sources of iron are red meat, fish, liver, and eggyolks; vegetarian sources include breast milk, lentils and beans, wholegrains and products made from these foods. Sprouting grains and beansenhance the bioavailability of the iron they contain, as does consumingiron-rich foods with "enhancers" - foods that contain vitamin C. Ironinhibitors, such as tannin and caffeine, and some essential minerals,prevent iron from being absorbed and should be consumed separatelyfrom iron sources.26 Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 18. Conclusion..A mother is a biological and/or social female parent of an offspring. The importance of a mother or a woman is a crucial step in the upbringing of a child with in a family nucleus whether it be nuclear family or vise versa. Anemia being the initialcause of maternal mortality and also the infant mortality steps to be strategically planned so as tomeet the demands.A complete health education policy to be implementing the rules towards the nutritional analysiswould give way a new room for the faster effect of the nutritional barriers which are causinganemia.When compared to the higher rates in regards to men there is a steep decline in the well being of awoman and in terms of anameia causative it is an important issue to be analyzed and promotivemeasure should be taken.. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 19. Conclusion..As India is rich source of cultural and traditional food component, this would be awell additive for the prevention of anemia andthere should be a common door where in thetraditional values of food with a good dietregimen is to be planned and then this to beimplemented at the grass roots level.The dream of healthy India can be achievedwith only a health mother. The women beingmore prone to conditions like anemia will notbe able to concentrate on the regular life andthis hampers also the growth of the familyaround her.Traditions and technology are like two sidesof the coin so there should a hand in handmovement and this should begin from the verynucleus of the family. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 20. Probably have this in mind..Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 21. Reference..1. Hermann, Kulke; Dietmar Rothermund (2004). A History of India. Routledge. p. 384. ISBN 978-0415329194.2. http://india.gov.in/knowindia/india_at_a_glance.php3. Ministry of Environment, Planning Commission, Ministry of Health, Press Information Bureau, Census of India, Ministry of External Affairs, Union Budget, Reserve Bank of India, www.indiainbusiness.nic.in4. www.indiangov.in5. The List of Wetlands of International Importance" (PDF). The Secretariat of the Convention of on Wetlands. 4 June 2007. pp. 18. http://www.ramsar.org/sitelist.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-20.6. http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/17/52/39452196.pdf7. http://india.gov.in/knowindia/india_at_a_glance.php8. P. Vibhuti ,Gender budget a case study in India, University of mumbai, march 2003 .9. www.indiantourism.gov.in10. Quisimbing, A., Brown, L.R, Feldstein, H.S, Haddad, L and Peńa, C. (2000) Women: The Key to Food Security. Looking into the Household. Washington, DC: IFPRI.11. Zoe Matthews,study paper , maternal helath in south india, 1Belaku Trust, 697 15th Cross, J.P. Nagar Phase II, Bangalore, 560078, India, email: belaku@blr.vsnl.net.in, Department of Social Statistics, University of Southampton, UK.12. Singh, S. (1998), Adolescent childbearing in developing countries: A global review, Studies in FamilyPlanning, Vol 29:2, pp 117-136. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 22. 1. Quisumbing, A., Meinzen-Dick, R. and Bassett, L. (2008) ‘Helping Women Respond to the Global Food Price Crisis’. Policy Brief 7. Washington, DC: IFRPI.2. Penrose-Buckley, C. (2007) ‘How Can Small-Scale Producers Compete Globally?’ id21 Rural Livelihoods Highlights 6 (http://www.id21.org/publications/Rural_6.pdf).3. Swaminathan, M. (2000). Weakening Welfare: The Public Distribution of Food in India.New Delhi: LeftWord Books. Indi4. International Institute for Population Sciences et al. NationalFamily Health Survey (NFHS-2), 1998–1999: India.Mumbai, International Institute for Population Sciences,5. 2000. Ref 2972.6. World Health Organization (WHO). (2001). Iron deficiency anaemia, assessment,prevention, and control, a guide for programme managers. Retrieved April 21,2004, from:www.who.int/reproductive-health/docs/anaemia.pdf7. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_India8. http://www.fsdinternational.org/ntlopps/country/india/healthissues9. http://medind.nic.in/icb/t06/i6/icbt06i6p509.pdf10. http://censusindia.gov.in/Vital_Statistics/SRS_Bulletins/MMR-Bulletin-April-2009.pdf11. http://www.unu.edu/unupress/food/V193e/ch03.htm12. http://www.thehindu.com/2005/07/01/stories/2005070100970900.htm13. Vibhuti patel, gender budgeting studies , university of Mumbai, India.14. http://www.aidsallianceindia.net/Publications/SRH_HIV_AIDS_Flip_book.pdf15. http://www.unicef.org/rosa/Anaemin.pdf Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 23. Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore
  • 24. Have a nice day Gender and health –Study award –NIEW-Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, , 3rd November 2009 Dr. Amina Ather, Team lead IFRTK, Bangalore

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