Sultan Qaboos University College of Education Department of Instructional & Learning TechnologiesReport about Web Conferencing Done By :- Amina Al-Manwari (86495) Sara Al-Qassmi (86416)
Web conferencing is used to conduct live meetings or presentations over the Internet. Ina web conference, each participant sits at his or her own computer and is connected toother participants via the internet. This can be either a downloaded application on eachof the attendees’ computers or a web-based application where the attendees will simplyenter a URL (website address) to enter the conference. Distance education use thistechnology for many objectives like Provide real time communication with theinstructors, Enhance communication and collaboration among students, Using differentway for delivery the content( text, audio, pictures and video), Finding a common timefor class discussions with all students, Contacting with huge number of students by thistechnology, Support students’ understanding of the content and encourage students toengage with learning and support peer activities.There are a lot of features of web conferencing for example It offers information of text-based messages, voice and video chat to be shared simultaneously, acrossgeographically dispersed locations, slide show presentations where images arepresented to the audience and markup tools and a remote mouse pointer are used toengage the audience while the presenter discusses slide content, live or streamingvideo - where full motion webcam, digital video camera or multi-media files are pushedto the audience, allows real-time point-to-point communications as well as multicastcommunications from one sender to many receivers, cost saving because you don’tneed to travel for the meeting only by Web conferencing you can participate in themeeting or discussion , VoIP( Real time audio communication through the computervia use of headphones and speakers), web tours - where URLs, data from forms,cookies, scripts and session data can be pushed to other participants enabling them tobe pushed though web based logons, clicks, etc., Meeting Recording wherepresentation activity is recorded on the client side or server side for later viewing and/ordistribution, Whiteboard with annotation (allowing the presenter and/or attendees tohighlight or mark items on the slide presentation. Or, simply make notes on a blankwhiteboard), text chats for live question and answers sessions and Screensharing/desktop sharing/application sharing (where participants can view anything thepresenter currently has shown on their screen.There are many limitations of using web conferencing. First, (Security Breaches)there’s always some kind of security risk to communication carried out online. Inaddition to the threat of hackers, youll also have limited control over people who mayoverhear the conference. Second, (Technical Difficulties) most online web conferencehosting services are all-encompassing and require that attendees have a computer,Internet connection and login information. Youll also need to utilize the planning andinvitation stages to ensure that attendees have everything they may need to fullyparticipate, such as microphones, Cameras, social media accounts or any other
applications. Third, time differences because in DE we have many students fromdifferent regions or countries so the instructor have to find proper time for all students orrecord the meeting for some students. Forth, focus on the technology rather than thedialogue.Using web conferencing in distance education support delivery of content and studentlearning by different ways. Most of distance institutions are using web conferencing tolive interaction between instructor and students for explaining the content, discussingand asking questions. Let the students to exchange knowledge and experience withother students. It facilitates sharing the presentation and computer screens for moreunderstanding of the content. Facilitate synchronous communication by using text,audio and/or video. The real-time desktop-sharing features of web conferencing allowthe students to meet and work collaboratively over the Internet .Using web conferencingto Record meetings (Both the audio and video portions of a web conference can berecorded, archived and replayed later). Providing quicker and clearer feedback whendiscussing questions and concerns.There are many concern shared by teachers, administrators and students about usingweb conferencing in distance education. We provide some concern was shared byacademic staffs in the University of Southern Queensland (USQ). Teachers fromUniversity of Southern Queensland (USQ) concern about focus of web conferencing astechnology rather than as pedagogical aspects. Other USQ teachers said that teachersnew to the tool would require further support, and the fourth asked for more one-on-onesupport. Some USQ teachers who experienced difficulties with equipment (e.g., anineffective headset) decided not to use web conferencing with their students becausethey thought they could not rely on the technology. Concern about time allocations forpreparation and facilitation, as well as staff and student training to become proficient inthe use of the tools. Several USQ academic staff identified that it is often impossible tofind mutually agreeable time slots that accommodate all students and that this needs tobe factored in from the outset and for equity reasons, alternatives must be madeavailable.There are many examples of web conferencing software. Ilinc web conferencingsoftware which has a lot of effective features like Produce webinars and online eventsthat keep your audience engaged. Which mean iLinc delivers unique capabilities thatmake hosting and attending online events a more streamlined experience from start tofinish. Deliver training or educational curriculum through interactive virtual classroomsthat mean iLinc offers award-winning online training software for organizations lookingto control costs, reduce travel and enhance the learning experience. Also AdobeConnect is one example of web conferencing software. It has many features like Enableeffective and secure collaboration, training, and online events that maximize yourorganizations efficiency. The complete solution for rapid training and mobile learning,
enabling rapid deployment of training accessible from anywhere, anytime, on virtuallyany device. Digital meetings that go beyond screen sharing, enabling far more effectivecollaboration and communication with colleagues, partners, and customers - anytime,anywhere, on virtually any device. There are many research in the field of the impact of using web conferencing indistance education. An example of the research in using web conferencing in distanceeducation is “Using Synchronous Web Conferencing to Enhance Situated DistanceLearner Experience in Built Environment Context” by Niraj Thurairajah. the problemstatement of this research is to explore the effect of Using Synchronous WebConferencing to Enhance Situated Distance Learner Experience in Built EnvironmentContext. The research instrument was a survey of 12 graduate distance learningcourses with in the UK built environment higher education institutes. The focus of thesurvey is on student experiences of studying with the support of online webconferencing software, ElluminateLive! Findings indicate that distance learning study isoverwhelmingly enhanced by the use of synchronous conferencing. Equally, however,students derive significant benefit from being able to access recordings of synchronoussessions.