Lars' Presentation

932 views

Published on

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
932
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
78
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Regnskog oversikt
  • Lars' Presentation

    1. 1. Lars Løvold Rainforest Foundation Norway New willingness to pay: Catalyst for green development?
    2. 2. LESSONS FROM THE PAST Rainforest Foundation Norway
    3. 3. Rainforest Foundation Norway Deforestation mainly from large scale actors
    4. 4. Rainforest Foundation Norway
    5. 5. The ”normal” development: <ul><li>Undermines the life support systems of the Earth – undermines ecosystem services </li></ul><ul><li>” Normal” = non-sustainable Must be avoided </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    6. 6. WHY DOES THIS HAPPEN? <ul><li>Chopped down trees = money </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    7. 7. How much must we pay to keep the trees standing? <ul><li>Main answer today: Pay for lost income – the lost opportunity to make money. </li></ul><ul><li>” Opportunity cost” = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$$$$$ per hectare for the soy cultivator or oil palm plantation owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$$$ per hectare for the cattle rancher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$ per hectare for the poor forest dweller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>0 per ha for those too far off to make money </li></ul></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    8. 8. International community wants: <ul><li>Efficiency: Maximum reduced emissions for minimum cost </li></ul><ul><li>Additionality: Only pay for what gives extra reductions of GHGs (not pay for what would happen anyway) </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    9. 9. Problems: <ul><li>Who to pay? </li></ul><ul><li>Only paying those with deforestation capacity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>= rewarding the villains, not the guardians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>= creating a perverse incentive : you must destroy, in order to be paid not to destroy </li></ul></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    10. 10. Problems: <ul><li>Oil palm cultivator receives all the income for his product, but doesn’t pay a cent for polluting (GHG) & reducing ecosystem services. Income opportunity is skewed and unfair. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity cost approach doesn’t change the system – the right to destroy without paying for the damage – only reduces the consequences. </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    11. 11. THE ECONOMIST APPROACH IS TOO LIMITED: WE NEED A NEW GREEN DEVELOPMENT APPROACH Rainforest Foundation Norway
    12. 12. New development model: <ul><li>Must maintain life support systems – climate, biodiversity, disaster protection, water … </li></ul><ul><li>Must provide social and economic benefits and opportunities to those who maintain the system </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    13. 13. THE ESSENCE: <ul><li>Standing forest must become = </li></ul><ul><li>Social development (health, education, ..) </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local, district and national level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requires mental revolution. But inspiring and logical! </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    14. 14. Elements of a new model: <ul><li>Entrust the forest to people who are attached to the forest – recognize forest peoples’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Reward the maintenance of ecosystem services </li></ul><ul><li>Give higher rewards for more services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storing carbon in trees = $ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon + biodiversity = $$ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon + biodiv. + livelihood options = $$$ </li></ul></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    15. 15. Elements of a new model: <ul><li>Change the rules , to stimulate maintenance of multiple benefits of intact forests: </li></ul><ul><li>Secure tenure to forest peoples = stimulus for wise resource management (your children can eat the fruit) </li></ul><ul><li>Secure tenure = cost-efficient protection </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    16. 16. Rainforest Foundation Norway Forest peoples with recognized rights defend territories
    17. 17. Deforestation around Xingu Indigenous Territory, Brazil 1994 Rainforest Foundation Norway
    18. 18. Deforestation around Xingu Indigenous Territory, Brazil 2005 Rainforest Foundation Norway
    19. 19. Elements of a new model: <ul><li>Participation of all stakeholders in planning and implementation of national REDD plans = improved chances for </li></ul><ul><li>Better systems for forest protection and distribution of benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding elite capture of benefits </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    20. 20. Elements of a new model: <ul><li>Legal reform and law enforcement: </li></ul><ul><li>Abolish the right to destroy without paying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(burning a house vs. burning a forest) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduce environmental and social impact assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Punish environmental crimes </li></ul><ul><li>Make the polluter pay the real costs </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    21. 21. Elements of a new model: <ul><li>” Make the polluter pay” - but </li></ul><ul><li>It is OK to pay the one with a legal right to deforest - to stop him from doing that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But only for a while! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cannot pay indefinitely, and when soy prices raise above the carbon price, the forest is lost </li></ul>Rainforest Foundation Norway
    22. 22. We must use the new willingness to pay to reform legal frameworks, policies and financial stimuli. MAKE A RATIONAL, TRULY SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM. Rainforest Foundation Norway
    23. 23. Rainforest Foundation Norway
    24. 24. Rainforest Foundation Norway
    25. 25. Rainforest Foundation Norway Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon 2003 Deforestation by 2003
    26. 26. Rainforest Foundation Norway Deforestation and Indian territories Brazil 2005 Deforestation until 2003 Indian territories 2005

    ×