Hebrew Notes

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Hebrew Notes

  1. 1. Ancient Hebrews Ms. Susan M. Pojer
  2. 2. 4. The Ancient Hebrews
  3. 3. Hebrew Kingdom <ul><li>Nomadic Herders from Mesopotamia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Settled in Palestine (modern day Israel) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also called Canaan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monotheistic – belief in one God </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st to believe in one all powerful God </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good vs. Evil/right and wrong (especially in God’s eyes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Judaism – Became one of the major religions of the world </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Abraham’s Genealogy ABRAHAM SARAH HAGAR Isaac Esau Jacob 12 Tribes of Israel Ishmael 12 Arabian Tribes
  5. 5. Abraham’s Journey from Ur Canaan  The “Promised Land”
  6. 6. Abraham’s Journeys
  7. 7. Yahweh’s “Covenant” With His People The Torah <ul><li>The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. </li></ul><ul><li>The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ancient Palestine
  9. 9. EXODUS <ul><li>Famine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebrews left Canaan because they were starving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Went To Egypt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Became enslaved by Egyptians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Story of Moses – raised by Egyptian Pharaoh </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moses learns he is Hebrew – Frees people and leads them back to Canaan (Promise Land/Israel/Palestine) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Called Exodus </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Land of Goshen, Egypt
  11. 11. Moses “ Prince of Egypt” “ Shepherd of His People”
  12. 12. The Exodus
  13. 13. Route of the Exodus
  14. 14. Moses and the 10 Commandments A new “covenant” with Yahweh (God) Keeps societies stable
  15. 15. Mount Sinai
  16. 16. St. Catherine’s Monastery at Mount Sinai
  17. 17. Hebrew Civilization <ul><li>Hebrews developed an advanced civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew Tribes united under King Saul </li></ul><ul><li>Continued under King David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saw their greatest strength and prosperity </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. King David’s Empire
  19. 19. Solomon’s Kingdom <ul><li>Beautified Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Built Temple of Solomon </li></ul><ul><li>After Solomon’s death </li></ul><ul><li>the kingdom weakened </li></ul>
  20. 20. Recreation of Ancient Jerusalem
  21. 21. King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan The First Temple
  22. 22. Inside the Temple Tabernacle The Arc of the Covenant
  23. 23. The Temple Mount, Jerusalem Today Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” Wall
  24. 24. Kingdoms of Judah & Israel
  25. 25. Israelites in Captivity
  26. 26. Alexander the Great & the Hellenization of the Near East
  27. 27. The Great Library at Alexandria. Egypt
  28. 28. Jerusalem: Studying the Torah
  29. 29. After <ul><li>Israel became part of the Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Romans destroyed Jerusalem and scattered the Jews throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Jews did not return until 1948 (after WWII) </li></ul>
  30. 30. Herod the Great’s Kingdom

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