Closing The Western FrontierPresentation Transcript
The Closing of the Western Frontier Susan Pojer
What national issues emerged in the process of closing the western frontier?
Why does the West hold such an important place in the American imagination?
In what ways is the West romanticized in American culture?
WESTWARD MOVEMENT After government was stable people in the east began to Move west even more than before. Manifest Destiny, Railroads, Adventure, free land and profit all lead to the growing need of Americans to migrate to the frontier. ***Why would the government offer free land to people out west?
the Railroad builders
Transcontinental – East to West
Easier to get people out west – more willing to come.
Many came out west working on the railroads (Irish, Chinese, blacks, etc.)
Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
Huge cattle population out west.
Government land could be used for grazing
Cattle had to be herded over long distances – hard life for cowboys.
The Bronc Buster Frederick Remington
Colt .45 Revolver God didn’t make men equal. Colonel Colt did!
Legendary Gunslingers & Train Robbers Jesse James Billy the Kid
Dodge City Peace Commission, 1890
Mining Centers: 1900
Anaconda Copper Mining Co. (MT)
Mining (“Boom”) Towns-- Now Ghost Towns Calico, CA
The Cattlemen & the Sheep herders
Free land for cattle
Homestead Act – 160 acres free – must farm for 5 years and build a structure with a window and a door.
People would race for land – Oklahoma Land Rush (Boomers and Sooners)
Homesteads From Public Lands
Ranchers – wealthy could use free government land
Issues between farmers and ranchers
The Cattle Trails
Land Use: 1880s
New Agricultural Technology “ Prairie Fan” Water Pump Steel Plow [“Sod Buster”]