Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Memory: Types and Subsystems
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Memory: Types and Subsystems

142
views

Published on

This slide is all about memory. It includes three different types of memory and it's subsystems.

This slide is all about memory. It includes three different types of memory and it's subsystems.

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
142
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. MEMORY
  • 2. Three Types of Memory: 1. Sensory Memory 2. Short-term Memory 3. Long-term Memory
  • 3. SENSORY MEMORY 1. Capacity - Large; contains most details of sensory input 2. Duration of storage - Visual: 1/10 second; Auditory: 2 seconds 3. Reason for forgetting – Storage failure (e.g., decay)
  • 4. SHORT-TERM MEMORY 1. Capacity – 7 units, plus or minus 2 2. Duration of Storage – Less than 30 seconds without rehearsal 3. Reason for Forgetting – Storage failure (e.g., displacement)
  • 5. LONG-TERM MEMORY 1. Capacity – Virtually unlimited 2. Duration of Storage – Up to a lifetime 3. Reason for Forgetting – Retrieval failure (e.g., interference)
  • 6. TWO SUBSYSTEMS WITHIN LONG-TERM MEMORY 1. Declarative Memory 2. Nondeclarative Memory
  • 7. TYPES OF DECLARATIVE MEMORY 1.Episodic Memory – includes record of the episode of your life. 2.Semantic Memory – is the memory for general knowledge, or objective facts and information.
  • 8. METHODS OF TESTING MEMORY 1.Free Recall 2.Cued Recall 3.Recognition 4.Savings 5.Implicit Memory
  • 9. FORGETTING 1. Repression 2. Decay of Fading Theory 3. Consolidation 4. Interference 5. Retrieval
  • 10. AMNESIA - Is a general term that can signify either a partial or total loss of memory. Anterograde Amnesia – the inability to form long-term memories of events occurring after a brain injury or brain surgery, although memories formed before the trauma are usually intact and short-term memory is unaffected. e.g. A character who is known by the name Lucy in the popular movie “50 First Dates”. Retrograde Amnesia – the inability to remember the past, but can form new memories. e.g. A character who is known by the name Jason Bourne in the popular books and films “The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, The Bourne Ultimatum, The Bourne Legacy
  • 11. ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE - neurological disorder in which the death of brain cells causes memory loss and cognitive decline. - a neurodegenerative type of dementia, the disease starts mild and gets progressively worse.
  • 12. IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY SPAR METHOD S – urvey P – rocess A – sk R – eview
  • 13. IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY MNEMONIC DEVICES 1. Method of Loci – also called the memory of place. 2. Acronym e.g. ordering the colors of the rainbow, ROY G BIV (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet) 3. Pegword Method 4. Link Method
  • 14. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING