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Chapter1psych1onlinestud 090829190315-phpapp02

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    • 1. Psychology Ron Mossler Ph.D. Los Angeles Valley College
    • 2. Psychology 1 Introductory Psychology
      • Be on time!
      • Ask questions.
      • Have fun !
    • 3. Introduction
      • Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes.
      • It is both scientific and applied
      Intro to Psych
    • 4. Research Methods
      • Case study and interviews
      • Observation
      • Operational definition
      • Correlational research
    • 5. Research Methods in Psychology
      • Correlational research tells whether the values of two variables are related.
      Can be used to predict, but IT DOES NOT SHOW CAUSALITY!
    • 6. Research Methods (continued)
      • Survey/Questionnaires
      • Tests
      • Physiological measures
      • The experimental method
    • 7. The Experimental Method
      • How do changes in one variable affect another?
      • The constant variable is Independent (The IV)
      • The variable that is measured is Dependent (the DV)
      In the experimental method, we manipulate the IV to determine the effect on the DV
    • 8. The Experimental Method
      • Compare outcomes of:
        • Experimental group
        • Control group
      • Know:
        • Extraneous variables
        • Bias
    • 9. Research Methods in Psychology
      • Manipulate the IV (the cause) determines whether it influences the DV (the effect)
    • 10. The Experimental Method
      • Single blind vs. double blind
      • Placebo effect
    • 11. Research Methods in Psychology
      • Statistics > the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.
      • Descriptive statistics summarize data.
      • Inferential statistics > are results of an experiment significant ?
    • 12. Normal Curve
    • 13. The Origins of Modern Psychology
      • Wilhelm Wundt – first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879; Titchener in U.S.
      • Wundt’s > structuralism .
    • 14. The Origins of Modern Psychology
      • William James – functionalism; not structure, but what the mind does, and why.
      • Like a flowing stream
      • The study of “mental life”
      • Now ~cognition
    • 15. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology
      • Sigmund Freud : Influenced by the unconscious .
        • Psychodynamic/ psychoanalytic
      Freud's granddaughter Sophie (a doctor in her own right), on Freudian theory: "I think it's such a narcissistic indulgence that I cannot believe in it."
    • 16. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology
      • Behaviorism
        • Watson
        • Pavlov
        • Skinner
    • 17. The Origins of Modern Psychology
      • Gestalt psychology is concerned primarily with our perception of our environment.
    • 18. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology
      • The humanistic perspective
        • Abraham Maslow
        • Carl Rogers
      • The Cognitive Perspective
      • Gestalt psychology [next]
    • 19. Psychological Specialties Clinical and Counseling
      • Difference between a psychologist (Ph.D or Psy.D). and a psychiatrist (M.D.)
      • School Psychologist/PPS
      • MSW/LCSW
      • M.A./MFT
    • 20. Psychological Specialties and careers
      • Research Psychologists
      • IO
        • I
          • Assess basic Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Other characteristics to perform a job.
          • Testing of job applicants, accommodation
        • O
          • Social process of work
      • Consumer
      • Human Factors - design equipment and machines
      • Health (including occupational health and EAPs)
      • Sports
      • Forensic - memory, sanity, competence