Psychology Ron Mossler Ph.D. Los Angeles Valley College
Psychology 1 Introductory Psychology <ul><li>Be on time! </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Have  fun ! </...
Introduction <ul><li>Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. </li></ul><ul><li>It is both  scientific ...
Research Methods <ul><li>Case study and interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Operational definition ...
Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Correlational research tells whether the values of two variables are related. </li>...
Research Methods (continued) <ul><li>Survey/Questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological measure...
The Experimental Method <ul><li>How do changes in one variable affect another? </li></ul><ul><li>The constant variable is ...
The Experimental Method <ul><li>Compare outcomes of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Manipulate the IV (the cause) determines whether it influences the DV (the effect) ...
The Experimental Method <ul><li>Single blind vs. double blind </li></ul><ul><li>Placebo effect </li></ul>
Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Statistics > the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.  </li></ul><ul><...
Normal Curve
The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>Wilhelm Wundt – first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879; Titchene...
The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>William James – functionalism; not structure, but what the mind does, and why. </...
The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Sigmund   Freud :  Influenced   by   the   unconsc...
The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Behaviorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watson </li></ul...
The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>Gestalt psychology is concerned primarily with our perception of our environment....
The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The humanistic perspective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A...
Psychological Specialties Clinical and Counseling <ul><li>Difference between a psychologist (Ph.D or Psy.D). and a psychia...
Psychological Specialties and careers <ul><li>Research Psychologists </li></ul><ul><li>IO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I </li></u...
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    1. 1. Psychology Ron Mossler Ph.D. Los Angeles Valley College
    2. 2. Psychology 1 Introductory Psychology <ul><li>Be on time! </li></ul><ul><li>Ask questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Have fun ! </li></ul>
    3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes. </li></ul><ul><li>It is both scientific and applied </li></ul>Intro to Psych
    4. 4. Research Methods <ul><li>Case study and interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Operational definition </li></ul><ul><li>Correlational research </li></ul>
    5. 5. Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Correlational research tells whether the values of two variables are related. </li></ul>Can be used to predict, but IT DOES NOT SHOW CAUSALITY!
    6. 6. Research Methods (continued) <ul><li>Survey/Questionnaires </li></ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Physiological measures </li></ul><ul><li>The experimental method </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Experimental Method <ul><li>How do changes in one variable affect another? </li></ul><ul><li>The constant variable is Independent (The IV) </li></ul><ul><li>The variable that is measured is Dependent (the DV) </li></ul>In the experimental method, we manipulate the IV to determine the effect on the DV
    8. 8. The Experimental Method <ul><li>Compare outcomes of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Know: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extraneous variables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bias </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Manipulate the IV (the cause) determines whether it influences the DV (the effect) </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Experimental Method <ul><li>Single blind vs. double blind </li></ul><ul><li>Placebo effect </li></ul>
    11. 11. Research Methods in Psychology <ul><li>Statistics > the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive statistics summarize data. </li></ul><ul><li>Inferential statistics > are results of an experiment significant ? </li></ul>
    12. 12. Normal Curve
    13. 13. The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>Wilhelm Wundt – first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879; Titchener in U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Wundt’s > structuralism . </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>William James – functionalism; not structure, but what the mind does, and why. </li></ul><ul><li>Like a flowing stream </li></ul><ul><li>The study of “mental life” </li></ul><ul><li>Now ~cognition </li></ul>
    15. 15. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Sigmund Freud : Influenced by the unconscious . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychodynamic/ psychoanalytic </li></ul></ul>Freud's granddaughter Sophie (a doctor in her own right), on Freudian theory: &quot;I think it's such a narcissistic indulgence that I cannot believe in it.&quot;
    16. 16. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>Behaviorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pavlov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skinner </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. The Origins of Modern Psychology <ul><li>Gestalt psychology is concerned primarily with our perception of our environment. </li></ul>
    18. 18. The Origins of Modern Psychology The Rise of Applied Psychology <ul><li>The humanistic perspective </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abraham Maslow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Rogers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Cognitive Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Gestalt psychology [next] </li></ul>
    19. 19. Psychological Specialties Clinical and Counseling <ul><li>Difference between a psychologist (Ph.D or Psy.D). and a psychiatrist (M.D.) </li></ul><ul><li>School Psychologist/PPS </li></ul><ul><li>MSW/LCSW </li></ul><ul><li>M.A./MFT </li></ul>
    20. 20. Psychological Specialties and careers <ul><li>Research Psychologists </li></ul><ul><li>IO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assess basic Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, and Other characteristics to perform a job. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Testing of job applicants, accommodation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>O </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social process of work </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumer </li></ul><ul><li>Human Factors - design equipment and machines </li></ul><ul><li>Health (including occupational health and EAPs) </li></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><li>Forensic - memory, sanity, competence </li></ul>
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