Promises are the same
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Promises are the same

  • 372 views
Uploaded on

Document showing that the promises in the east are the same as they were in the western lands.

Document showing that the promises in the east are the same as they were in the western lands.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
372
On Slideshare
360
From Embeds
12
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 12

http://ic.instantcustomer.com 12

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The  Promises  are  the  Same! Hawaii  –  the  last  and  Western-­‐most  State  “…  the  United  States  grants  to  the  State  of  Hawaii,   effective  upon  its  admission  into  the  Union,  the  United  States’  title  to  all  the  public  lands  and   other  public  property  within  the  boundaries  of  the  State  of  Hawaii,  title  to  which  is  held  by  the   United  States  immediately  prior  to  its  admission  into  the  Union.”  Hawaii  Enabling  Act,  March   18,  1959 Some  say  that  western  states  gave  up  (“forever  disclaimed”)  their  lands  at  statehood.    This   doesn’t  make  sense!  The  statehood  contracts  (“enabling  acts”)  for  the  transfer  of  public   lands  are  largely  the  same  for  states  east  and  west  of  Colorado.      Here  is  a  side-­‐by-­‐side   comparison  of  the  enabling  acts  of  Utah  vs.  North  Dakota  and  Nevada  vs.  Nebraska.    The   enabling  acts  of  other  western  states  are  nearly  identical.    The  performance  of  the  federal   government  IS  NOT!    Here  are  links  to  a  Legal  Analysis  of  Transfer  of  Public  Lands   Legislation  commissioned  by  the  Federalist  Society  and  an  Executive  Summary. North  Dakota   Utah   Enabling  Act,  February  22,  1889 Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864 49.4%  Federally  controlled  in  1896 86%  Federally  Controlled  in  1896 3%  Federally  Controlled  Today 67%  Federally  Controlled  Today “The  constitution  shall  be  republican  in   “The  constitution  shall  be  republican  in   form,  …  and  not  be  repugnant  to  the   form,  …  and  not  to  be  repugnant  to  the   Constitution  of  the  United  States  and  the   Constitution  of  the  United  States  and  the   principles  of  the  Declaration  of   principles  of  the  Declaration  of   Independence.  And  said  conventions  shall   Independence.  And  said  convention  shall   provide,  by  ordinances  irrevocable  without   provide,  by  ordinance  irrevocable  without   the  consent  of  the  United  States  and  the   the  consent  of  the  United  States  and  the   people  of  said  States:-­”  Section  4,  Preamble,  people  of  said  State-­-­”  Section  3,  Preamble,   ND,  SD,  MT,  WA  Enabling  Act,  February  22,   Utah  Enabling  Act,  July  16,  1894 1889 “That  the  people  inhabiting  said  proposed   “That  the  people  inhabiting  said  proposed   States  do  agree  and  declare  that  they   State  do  agree  and  declare  that  they  forever   forever  disclaim  all  right  and  title  to  the   disclaim  all  right  and  title  to  the   unappropriated  public  lands  lying  within   unappropriated  public  lands  lying  within   the  boundaries  thereof,  …  and  that  until  the   the  boundaries  thereof;  …  and  that  until  the   title  thereto  shall  have  been  extinguished  by  title  thereto  shall  have  been  extinguished  by   the  United  States,  the  same  shall  be  and   the  United  States,  the  same  shall  be  and   remain  subject  to  the  disposition  of  the   remain  subject  to  the  disposition  of  the   United  States,  and  …  no  taxes  shall  be   United  States,  and  …  no  taxes  shall  be   imposed  by  the  States  on  lands  or  property   imposed  by  the  State  on  lands  or  property   therein  belonging  to  or  which  may  hereafter  therein  belonging  to  or  which  may  hereafter   be  purchased  by  the  United  States  or   be  purchased  by  the  United  States  or   reserved  for  its  use;”  Section  4,  Second,  ND,  reserved  for  its  use;”  Section  3,  Second,   SD,  MT,  WA  Enabling  Act,  February  22,   Utah  Enabling  Act,  July  16,  1894 1889 www.AmericanLandsCouncil.org ! https://www.facebook.com/AmericanLandsCouncil
  • 2. “And  if  the  constitutions  and  governments   “And  if  the  constitution  and  government  of   of  said  proposed  States  are  republican  in   said  proposed  State  are  republican  in  form,   form,  and  if  all  the  provisions  of  this  Act   and  if  all  the  provisions  of  this  Act  have  been   have  been  complied  with  in  the  formation   complied  with  in  the  formation  thereof,  is   thereof,  is  shall  be  the  duty  of  the  President   shall  be  the  duty  of  the  President  of  the   of  the  United  States  to  issue  his   United  States  to  issue  his  proclamation   proclamation  announcing  the  result  of  said   announcing  the  result  of  said  election,  and   election  in  each,  and  thereupon  the   thereupon  the  proposed  State  of  Utah  shall   proposed  States  which  have  adopted   be  deemed  admitted  by  Congress  into  the   constitutions  and  formed  State   Union,  under  and  by  virtue  of  this  Act,  on  an   governments  as  herein  provided  shall  be   equal  footing  with  the  original  States,  from   deemed  admitted  by  Congress  into  the   and  after  the  date  of  said  proclamation.”   Union  under  and  by  virtue  of  this  act  on  an   Section  4,  Utah  Enabling  Act,  July  16,  1894 equal  footing  with  the  original  States  from   and  after  the  date  of  said  proclamation.”   Section  8,  ND,  SD,  MT,  WA  Enabling  Act,   February  22,  1889 “That  upon  admission  of  each  of  said   “That  upon  admission  of  said  State  into  the   States  into  the  Union  sections  numbered   Union,  sections  numbered  two,  sixteen,   sixteen,  and  thirty-­six  in  every  township  of   thirty-­two,  and  thirty-­six  in  every  township   said  proposed  States,  and  where  such   of  said  proposed  State,  and  where  such   sections,  or  any  parts  thereof,  have  been   sections  or  any  parts  thereof  have  been  sold   sold  or  otherwise  disposed  of  by  or  under   or  otherwise  disposed  of  by  or  under  any  Act   any  act  of  Congress,  other  lands  equivalent   of  Congress  other  lands  equivalent  thereto   thereto  …  are  hereby,  granted  to  said  States   …  are  hereby,  granted  to  said  State  for  the   for  the  support  of  common  schools,  …”   support  of  common  schools,  …”  Section  6,   Section  10,  ND,  SD,  MT,  WA  Enabling  Act,   Utah  Enabling  Act,  July  16,  1894 February  22,  1889 “That  Iive  per  centum  of  the  proceeds  of  the   “That  Iive  per  centum  of  the  proceeds  of  the   sales  of  public  lands  lying  within  said  States   sales  of  public  lands  lying  within  said  State,   which  shall  be  sold  by  the  United  States   which  shall  be  sold  by  the  United  States   subsequent  to  the  admission  of  said  States   subsequent  to  the  admission  of  said  State   into  the  Union,  after  deducting  all  expenses   into  the  Union,  after  deducting  all  expenses   incident  to  the  same,  shall  be  paid  to  the   incident  to  the  same,  shall  be  paid  to  the   said  States,  to  be  used  as  a  permanent  fund,   said  State,  to  be  used  as  a  permanent  fund,   the  interest  of  which  only  shall  be  expended   the  interest  of  which  only  shall  be  expended   for  the  support  of  the  common  schools   for  the  support  of  the  common  schools   within  said  States,  respectively.”  Section  9,   within  said  State.”  Section  9,  Utah  Enabling   ND,  SD,  MT,  WA  Enabling  Act,  February  22,   Act,  July  16,  1894 1889 www.AmericanLandsCouncil.org ! https://www.facebook.com/AmericanLandsCouncil
  • 3. Nebraska   Nevada   Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864 22%  Federally  Controlled  in  1896 86%  Federally  Controlled  in  1896 1%  Federally  Controlled  Today 81%  Federally  Controlled  Today “Provided,  That  the  constitution  when   “Provided,  That  the  constitution  when   formed  shall  be  republican,  and  not   formed  shall  be  republican,  and  not   repugnant  to  the  constitution  of  the  United   repugnant  to  the  constitution  of  the  United   States  and  the  principles  of  the  Declaration   States  and  the  principles  of  the  Declaration   of  Independence;  And  provided  further,  That  of  Independence;  And  provided  further,  That   said  constitution  shall  provide,  by  an   said  constitution  shall  provide,  by  an   article  forever  irrevocable,  without  the   ordinance  irrevocable,  without  the   consent  of  the  Congress  of  the  United   consent  of  the  Congress  of  the  United  States   States:”  Section  4,  Preamble,  Nebraska   and  the  people  of  said  state:”  Section  4,   Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 Preamble,  Nevada  Enabling  Act,  March  21,   1864 “That  the  people  inhabiting  said  territory   do  agree  and  declare  that  they  forever   disclaim  all  right  and  title  to  the   unappropriated  public  lands  lying  within   said  territory,  and  that  the  same  shall  be   and  remain  at  the  sole  and  entire   disposition  of  the  United  States,  and  that  …   no  taxes  shall  be  imposed  by  said  state  on   lands  or  property  therein  belonging  to  or   which  may  hereafter  be  purchased  by  the   United  States.”  Section  5,  Third,  Nebraska   Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 “That  the  people  inhabiting  said  territory   do  agree  and  declare  that  they  forever   disclaim  all  right  and  title  to  the   unappropriated  public  lands  lying  within   said  territory,  and  that  the  same  shall  be   and  remain  at  the  sole  and  entire   disposition  of  the  United  States,  and  that  …   no  taxes  shall  be  imposed  by  said  state  on   lands  or  property  therein  belonging  to  or   which  may  hereafter  be  purchased  by,  the   United  States.”  Section  5,  Third,  Nevada   Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864 “…  declaring  the  state  admitted  into  the   “…  declaring  the  state  admitted  into  the   Union  on  an  equal  footing  with  the  original   Union  on  an  equal  footing  with  the  original   states,  without  any  further  action  whatever   states,  without  any  further  action  whatever   on  the  part  of  congress.”  Section  5,   on  the  part  of  congress.”  Section  5,  Nevada   Nebraska  Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864    (See  also,   Section  1) “That  sections  numbered  sixteen  and  thirty-­ “That  sections  numbered  sixteen  and  thirty-­ six  in  every  township,  and  when  such   six  in  every  township,  and  where  such   section  have  been  sold  or  otherwise   sections  have  been  sold  or  otherwise   disposed  of  by  any  act  of  congress,  other   disposed  of  by  any  act  of  congress,  other   lands  equivalent  thereto  …  shall  be,  and  are   lands  equivalent  thereto  …  shall  be,  and  are   hereby,  granted  to  said  state  for  the  support  hereby,  granted  to  said  state  for  the  support   of  common  schools.”  Section  7,  Nebraska   of  common  schools.”  Section  7,  Nevada   Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864 www.AmericanLandsCouncil.org ! https://www.facebook.com/AmericanLandsCouncil
  • 4. “That  Iive  per  centum  of  the  proceeds  of  the   “That  Iive  per  centum  of  the  proceeds  of  the   sales  of  all  public  lands  lying  within  said   sales  of  all  public  lands  lying  within  said   state,  which  have  been  or  shall  be  sold  by   state,  which  shall  be  sold  by  the  United   the  United  States  prior  or  subsequent  to   States  subsequent  to  the  admission  of  said   the  admission  of  said  state  into  the  Union,   state  into  the  Union,  after  deducting  all   after  deducting  all  expenses  incident  to  the   expenses  incident  to  the  same,  shall  be  paid   same,  shall  be  paid  to  the  said  state  for  the   to  the  said  state  for  the  purpose  of   support  of  common  schools.”  Section  12,   making  and  improving  public  roads,   Nebraska  Enabling  Act,  April  19,  1864 constructing  ditches  or  canals,  to  effect  a   general  system  of  irrigation  of  the   agricultural  land  in  the  state,  as  the   legislature  shall  direct.”  Section  12,   Nevada  Enabling  Act,  March  21,  1864 www.AmericanLandsCouncil.org ! https://www.facebook.com/AmericanLandsCouncil