Article review farul


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Article review farul

  1. 1. Article review Overview of the Visual Arts Curriculum, and Its Relationship with Evaluation and Instruction. IMONIKEBE Manasseh Emamoke, a researcher believe that Visual Arts curriculum should implent the stage of Evaluation and Instruction as it play an important role in order to shape a good structional studies in Visual Art Education.The researcher find out that this two concept should established in curriculum document and moreover should be related towards Evaluation and Instruction.This two stages of Evaluation and instruction will be experimented as it can be successfully implemented in Visual Art curriculum.Thus,the researchers tend to discover and approaching:Overview of curriculum as the first stage.In this part,the researcher find out about knowing a knowledge of curriculum and its conceptualization.This learning package can be seen as the academic learning should create its own activities.Basically,the researcher tend to explore and define the curriculum generally.The next approach is,on Overview of Art Education and the Visual Arts curriculum.The researcher peel out and viewing the point of the emergence of Art Education dates back to about 200 years ago. Art Education began in response to the industrial revolution, a discipline concerned with art teaching as a practice and the field of inquiry which studies teaching and learning art. The discipline which enabling individuals acquire skills of artistic expression, designing, knowledge of art, its history and critical apprehension.The researcher believe art education will build up based on these area as it will be the foundation of learning art education.Firstly is, aesthetics with its varied conceptions of art and its value in human experience,then, art History, studio and criticism as content sources.Thirdly is, Curriculum study to conceptualize goals, content, methods and their interrelation.Fourth is, History of Art Education which studies developments in relation to social changes and culture policy and lastly is the Empirical research which describes and explains individual and group behaviours associated with art learning and aesthetic response” (Efland,
  2. 2. 1991).The major finding of the researcher in this part of the journal is Visual Arts curriculum would depend also on the approach. Cunliffe (1998) explicated on two main approaches, the Creative Self- Expression and the Disciplined-Based Art Education (DBAE). The next section of this studies ,the researcher revealed out the two critical factors which included in the curriculum document which are evaluation and instruction.These are the key role and a great structure in curriculum implementation. Overview of Evaluation Trochim, (2006) viewed evaluation as an activity that is concerned with using monitoring and information collected for making judgments about a project and in addition the use of such information for making changes and improvements. He went further to add that the activity is aimed at answering “agreed questions and to make a judgment against specific criteria. A good evaluation data must be collected and analysed systematically and its interpretation considered carefully, assessing value, or worth of something” taking a decision and using results of an evaluation are part of the process.The goal of the evaluation is the feedback. The provision of useful feedback is the generic goal of most evaluations.Then,the researcher define the concept of instruction and somehow it reavelled as a quality of instruction dependent on some factors.This total shows that the instruction could be poorly done or might be sound effective as well.However,the research generated well as the researcher find out the “With curriculum being the content of what is taught along with an overall process of how that content is to be taught, and the instruction being the more detailed plans and the way those plans are implemented in order to teach the curriculum content, it becomes easy to understand that the two must be compatible in order to maximize student learning” (Yates, 2000). However,another view stated from Alkin(1973) viewed curriculum as consisting” intended learning outcomes; the results or ends of an instructional activity” while instruction on the other hand has to do with planning and teaching (Alkin, 1973).Somehow,in learning scene nowadays,in 21 century education era,it was being observed that curriculum is essentially a design, or roadmap for learning and as such
  3. 3. focuses on knowledge and skills that are judged important to learn. Instruction is the means by which that learning will be achieved”. The researcher now generated the research via the relationship between the evaluation and instructional and clearly claimed that from time to time through evaluation of instruction; new approaches are evolved to improve teaching and learning. For instance, Hall, T. (2002) dwelt elaborately on differentiated instruction an improved instruction culminating in a process to address students’ teaching and learning involving differing abilities in the same class. Several other approaches have been canvassed and popularized over time being outcomes of evaluation of instruction. The researcher come out and conclude all the relationship which help the constructional of the Visual art education curriculum.The relationship therefore that exists between curriculum and evaluation is inextricable. Evaluation is required in curriculum both at the formative and summative levels. Curriculum requires evaluation for improvement of teaching and learning in schools. Overall,the researcher expand the quality of the structure which it reavelled from the relationship between the component approached.Its also show the formation and planning of basic principle of curriculum globally.The researcher strengthen The content areas of the Art Education programme and the Disciplined Based Art Education approach which is in use all over the world were discussed. The article further revealed that curriculum and evaluation are related each other as a result of their complementary roles.Same goes to the component of evaluation,which relies on instruction in order to be relevant.