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Nota - Pedagogi Asas

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Nota daripada Buku K.D. Moore.

Nota daripada Buku K.D. Moore.

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  • 1. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching MethodsChapter 1 : Getting Ready For The Classroom Teaching as an art and science Skill of Effective TeacherHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 2. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Effective Teacher Profesional Teaching StandardHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 3. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Educational LawHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 4. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching MethodsChapter 2: Planning And Organizing For Teaching Enter Diagnosis Plan course Plan Instruction Follow Up Reflection Evaluation Guide Activities Model Of Teaching Mandated Allocated Instructional Time On Task Academic Learning Time School & Classroom TimeHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 5. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Mandated Time = divided time among a variety of subject that must be taught Allocated Time = time appropriated for each activities such as lunch, announcement, recess, transitions between class and so on. Instructional Time = available allocated time into learning. Time On Task = actual time individual student engage in learning. Academic Learning = ideally should reflect student performance on assigned task Time at an 80% level or better. Curriculum MappingHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 6. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Subject-centered Student-centered Core Curriculum Separate-subjects Spiral curriculum Activity –centered curriculum curriculum Curriculum Structure Subject-Centered Curriculum Student-Centered Curriculum  Focus on subject matter.  Centered on learner needs.  Centered on subject.  Centered on cooperative determination of  Subject matter organized by teacher before subject matter. instruction.  Emphasis on variability in exposure to  Emphasis on facts, knowledge, and learning. information.  Emphasis on skills.  Generally lower-level learning.  Emphasis on immediate meanings of  Emphasis on uniformity of exposure. learning.  Emphasis on direct strategies.  Emphasis on indirect strategies. Contrasting Curriculum PatternsHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 7. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Influence on Curriculum Selection Multicultural ClassroomHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 8. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Differentiated Instruction Learning StylesHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 9. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Multiple IntelligencesHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 10. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching MethodsChapter 3: Setting Goals and Objectives Nondiscrimination against disabled Public law 94-142, IDEA 97, Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act Limited English Proficiency (LEP) and English Language Learners (ELL) Term for student who have not yet attained an adequate level of English. Learn English as a second language. Student need to attend special English class. Standard for Student PerformanceHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 11. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Rationale For Objectives teacher is responsible for the quality of instruction and progress of their students TEACHER ACCOUNTABILITY MODEL Stage 1 Stage2 Stage 3 Instructional objectives Instructional activities Evaluation Test items must validly measure the instructional objectives Teacher AccountabilityHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 12. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Objective Specificity Stating ObjectivesHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 13. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Communication of Objectives Taxonomies Of Objectives – Domain of LearningHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 14. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods LEVEL STUDENT ACTION Knowledge Identify, define, list, match, specify, designate, label, describe, select Comprehension Translate, modify, rewrite, paraphrase, summarize, distinguish, draw, modify, clarify Application Use, operate, develop, change, complete, shows, calculates, prepares, determine Analysis Discriminate, select, differentiate, divide, separate, identify, break down, analyze, compare Syntesis Design, plan arranging, composing, organizing, conclude, manage, build and develop Evaluation Assess, compare, justify, criticize, explain, interpreting, inferring, summarizing Bloom’s Taxonomy and illustrative Action Verb LEVEL STUDENT LEVEL Remembering Retrieve, recognize, recall relevant knowledge Understanding Constructing meaning from oral, written, graphic messages through interpretation, examplifying, classifying, summarize, inferring, comparing, explaining Applying Carry out or use a procedures through executing or implementing. Evaluating make judgments based on criteria and standards through checking and critiquing Creating Put elements together to form a coherent or functional whole:, reorganize elements of the new structure through generating, planning or producing Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy and Category DefinitionsHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 15. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods LEVEL STUDENT ACTION Receiving follow, select, rely, choose, point to, ask,hold, give, locate, attend Responding Read, confirm, help, help, answer, practice, present, report, greet, tell, perform, assist, recite Valuing initiate, ask, invite, share, join, follow, propose, read, study, work, accept, do, argue Organization Defend, modify, integrate, synthesize, listen, influence, modify, relate, combine Characterization by a value or Adhere, relate, act, serve, use, verify,confirm, question, value complex propose, solve, influence, display Effective Domain Taxonomy and Illustrative Action Verbs LEVEL STUDENT ACTION Fundamental Movement Track, crawl, hear, react, move, grasp, walk, climb, jump, grip, stand, run Generic Movement Drill, construct, dismantle, change, hop, clean, manipulate, follow, use, march Ordinative Movement Play, connect, fasten, make, sketch, weigh, wrap, manipulate, swim, repair, write Creative Movement Create, invent, contruct, manipulate, play, build, pantomime, perform, make, compose Psychomotor Domain Taxonomy and Illustrative Action VerbsHak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012
  • 16. Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan | Teaching Methods Linking Standards and Objectives & Backward Design Approach-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Reference.Moore.K.D , (2009). Effective Instructional Strategies From Theory to Practice, (2nd Ed.). SAGE Publications Inc, p1-139.Hak Cipta Terpelihara Muhammad Ameen Bin Atan 2012