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  1. 1. Nutrition<br />Aishath Jazlee<br />8-C <br />5636 <br /> Thaajuddeen School <br />
  2. 2. Contents<br />Introduction <br />Classification of food groups<br />Balanced diet<br />Malnutrition<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />This is a project about nutrition's. In this the classification of food groups, balanced diet and malnutrition will be included and each of these parts will be explained. <br />
  4. 4. Classification Of Food Groups<br />Carbohydrates<br />Carbohydrates are one of the main types of nutrition's. They are the most<br />Important source of energy for our body. Ourdigestive system changes<br />Carbohydrates into glucose. Our body uses this sugar for energy for cells<br />tissues and organs. Simple carbohydrates include sugars found naturally.<br />Foods such as fruits, vegetables & diary products. Complex Carbohydrates<br />include whole grain breads and cereal, starchy vegetables and legumes. <br />
  5. 5. Proteins<br />Our body needs protein to repair and maintain itself. The basic structure<br />Of protein is a chain of amino acids. Every cell in our body contains <br />Proteins. It is a major part of the skin, muscles, organs & glands. We <br />Need proteins in our diet to help our body repair cells and make new<br />Ones. Protein is also important for growth and development during <br />Childhood, adolescence and pregnancy. When proteins are digested, <br />Amino acids are left. The human body needs a number of amino acids <br />To break down food. Amino acids need to be eaten in large enough <br />Amounts for optimal health. <br />
  6. 6. Fats (lipids) <br />Fats provide a source of concentrated energy as well as the fat soluble <br />Vitamins A, D, E & K. Fat transports these vital nutrients around the <br />Body. Fat is also needed for hormone metabolism, healthy skin and hair,<br />tissue repair, protecting the internal organs and to prevent excessive<br />Loss of body heat. Some of the products which we get fats is meat, <br />Butter, cheese etc… <br />
  7. 7. Vitamins<br />It is substances in our body which needs to grow and develop normally. <br />We can usually get all our vitamins from the foods we eat. Each vitamin <br />Has specific jobs. If you have low levels certain vitamins, which develop <br />A deficiency disease. For example if we don’t get enough vitamin D we <br />Could develop rickets. <br />
  8. 8. Minerals<br />Our body uses minerals for many different jobs, including building bones, <br />Making hormones and regulating our heart beat. The best way to get <br />Minerals is by eating a wide variety of foods. Some of the sources which <br />We get minerals are cheese, milk, and green vegetables. <br />
  9. 9. Water<br />Our body is estimated to be about 60 to 70% of water. Blood is mostly<br />Water and our muscles, lungs, and brain all contain a lot of water. Water <br />Is needed to regulate body temperature and to provide the means for <br />Nutrients to travel our organs and tissues. It also transports oxygen to <br />Our cells, remove waste and protects our organs. <br />
  10. 10. Fiber <br />Dietary fiber is a carbohydrate which is completely absorbed in humans <br />And some animals. Dietary fiber consists many cellulose. There are many<br />Health benefits of a high fiber diet. Such as reducing the chance of <br />Gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and diarrhea by increasing <br />The size of stool and softening it. Fiber would be found in wheat, flour, <br />Nuts and vegetables etc… <br />
  11. 11. Balanced Diet<br />Balance diet means getting the right types and amounts of foods &<br />Drinks to supply nutrition and energy for maintaining body cells, tissues <br />& organs, & for normal growth and development. Balanced diet provides<br />Natural disease prevention, weight control and proper sleep without any<br />Pills. <br />Disease prevention <br />Eating a balance diet is the easiest way to protect yourself from many of<br />The diseases associated with ageing, including diabetes and heart <br />Disease. <br />
  12. 12. Weight control<br />If you are overweight, eating a balance diet can be an important first step<br />Towards weight loss. Many people who are able to loose weight through <br />Being part of fat diets gain the weight back when they return to their own <br />Eating habits. Eating a balance diet can help to maintain weight loss in <br />Out body for a long term. <br /> Proper sleep<br />Eating too much of a certain kind of food can cause us to be unable to fall <br />A sleep. Eating a balanced diet will enable us not only to sleep better <br />Without the use of sleeping pills but also feel more rested when you wake <br />Up. <br />
  13. 13. Malnutrition<br />Malnutrition is the condition that results from taking an unbalanced <br />diet in which certain nutrients are lacking, in excess (too high an<br />intake), or in the wrong proportions. Some of the causes of malnutrition <br />Can be famine due to drought or flood. Kwashiorkor is an example of <br />Protein energy malnutrition.<br />
  14. 14. THANK YOU <br />