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ENBE final project ENBE final project Presentation Transcript

  • A PROJECT REPORT ON “ The Built Environment” TITLE OF THE PROJECT REPORT “ The Sky-City” For Malaysian population By Peerun Bibi Ameerah (0313939) IN PARTIAL FULFLLMENT OF FOUNDATION PROGRAM IN NATURAL AND BUILT ENVIRONMENT TAYLOR’S UNIVERSITY (APRIL 2013)
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation The Future City Representation SKY-CITY Peerun Bibi Ameerah 0313939 FNBE April 2013 Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation Table of content 1. Introduction………………………………………….………1 2. Acknowledgment …………………………………………... 1 3. Summary/Abstract ………………………………..............…2 4. About city 4.a) Difference between city and Town…………………….3 4.b) what is a city made of?...................................................3 4.c) what make a city Grew?.................................................4 5. Comparison for the types of cities…………………………… 5.a. Ancient City……………………………………...……5 5.b. Present and Future city………………………….…..6-8 6. Shape of the city………………………………………..……9 6.a) How do I became with the square zone…………..….10 6.b) How do I became with the star zone………...............10 7. The interior Design………………………………………....11 8. Zoning………………………………………………......12-13 9. Focus point of the city………………………...…….……...14 10.Activities………………………………………………..…15 11.Place of worship………………………………………..….15 12. Transportation…………………………………………….. 12.a) Streets…………………………………………...…..16 12.b) Vehicles……………………………………………..17 13. Energy…………………………………………………….. 13.a) Solar Energy………………………………………...17 14. Utilities and Amenities………………………………..…..18 15. How do they get and sustain their resources……………...18 15. Conclusion…………………………………………….….19 Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation 1-Introduction To innovate is a never-ending process of man. The present modern world is almost mechanized, and most of the tasks are computerized controlled by machines. Yet, there are many drawbacks that prevail. The concept of future city is an example of a nearly perfect city. The idea behind it is that the inhabitants dwelling there do not face any sort of inconvenience. 2-Acknowledgments This project is a golden opportunity for learning and myself development. I consider myself very lucky and honored to have so many wonderful people lead me through in completion of this project. My grateful thanks to my tutorial lecturer Ms. Delliya who in spite of being extraordinarily busy with her duties, took time out to hear, guide and keep me on the correct path. Not only for this project but also for all projects done in this semester. I would also like to thanks Miss Norma and Mr. Wan by given us lectures and tips in order to monitored my progress and arranged facilities to make this final project easier. Even if they were not my tutorials lecturers, they deserve my thanks. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation 3-Summary / Abstract
 This study was to: -To expose the elements of the natural and built environment in their basic unit, form and function. -To show symbiotic relationship of the elements of the natural and built environment. -To question, analyze and articulate the impact between natural and built environment It was required to: -To explain the different features of the natural and built environment by studying the fundamentals such as natural topography, landscape, space, building and infrastructure. -To distinguish and compare the different progress of the built environment by considering the natural topography, landscape, space, building and foundation -To examine and evaluate the different phase of the built environment by looking at the natural geography, background, space, building and infrastructure Understand how to link ideas through observation and using different means to represent information of the natural and built environment. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation 4-About City 4.a) Difference between city and Town -Cities are larger than towns and more densely populated. -The center of power mainly rests in the cities and not in the towns. Most of the important administrative offices are situated in the cities. - Well planned and have proper sanitation, drinking water, roads and other modern services. 4.b) what is a city made of? -Shelter (housing), food, and water -Electricity for buildings and streets -A safe way of dealing with the garbage -Schools so that they can get an education -Governments -Transportation so that people can get from one place to another. -Places for recreation such as museums, sports arenas, concert halls and parks; shops so they can buy what they need, from clothing to food. These are "services" available in a city. Electricity needs electric lines, water needs plumbing cars and buses need roads, schools need buildings and so on. These are part of a city's "infrastructure". Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation 4.c) what make a city Grew? 3 main things: -Economic growth: -Natural increase: a statistic of number of people born minus the number of deaths. When the rate of “ natural increase” is positive its means the population grows and so its contribute to the growth of a city. -rural-urban migration: People moves in cities in order to a find a job and have a better salary. We need to consider ALL the comfort provided by a city. This migration participates to the growth of a city. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 5-Comparison for the types of cities 5.a Ancient City Ancient city is mostly about history and religion. Almost every city of ancient time had an important site, a place of high importance that represents the area. It can be a monument, a statue, or even a garden of rare trees and plants. People of every standard lived at that time, the richest, the aristocrats were dwelling in the most important part of the city where most activities were taking place and as we go down the ladder the people lived away from these sites. Most of the people worked as merchants, traders, sailors and so on. One of the common activities of ancient people was hunting. This is what we called feudalism. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 5.b Present City and Future City More than half of the world‟s population now resides in urban regions. Almost everything is mechanized and is done to meet the needs of citizens. Creaking, outdated infrastructure, cars clogging up the roads, and buildings that are literally leaking energy not exactly illustrating the picture of urban health. In addition to this, lack of public transport, a shortage of green spaces, landfill sites. The state is even worse in developing countries, with the poorest countries least equipped to invest in the basic urban infrastructure such as water, sanitation, housing that is needed to adjust with the fast growing urban populations. Unfortunately there is no easy way for transforming a polluted, overfilled 20th century city into a clean, free flowing, low-carbon emission in urban areas. Most of the world‟s commanding cities have progressed over many decades, such as London, New York, Paris and many more. Almost none of them have been purposely organized. But planning, together with modernization, investment and teamwork is exactly what is required nowadays. Innovators such as San Francisco, Stockholm and Copenhagen started mapping the profile of greenhouse gas emissions and measuring vulnerability to climate change in the 1990s. Many others are now following suit. But to truly understand sustainability a city needs to measure the wider impact of consumption: from food, to water, to transport and beyond. The resulting „ecological footprint‟ calculates how many planets it would take to sustain a place (or person) if everyone adopted the same consumption patterns. The answer in a sustainable city is one! The challenge of course, is to achieve this while at the same time improving quality of life. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • In the developed world, energy used to heat and cool buildings and operate devices used within them is the single biggest reason for carbon emission in cities. With 50-70% of current buildings likely to still be in use in 2050, diminishing energy demand. Lighting only accounts for up to 10% of a city‟s energy requirement. Technological advancements such as the LED lighting will allow immense drops in energy usage. Decreasing demand for energy will require substantial mass behaviour alteration. Innovation like smart meters can make consumers much more aware of the amount of energy they are consuming and how much that energy is costing. New transport technologies provide the prospect of low-carbon travel, which, merged with a change away from cars to public transport, walking and cycling bring not only more eco friendly cities, but also better public spaces and enhanced public health. Shifting away from dependence on a centralized grid and installing decentralized heat and power networks that use combined cooling, heat and power (CCHP) technology goes a long way reducing dissipation of energy. „Smart grids‟ offer another choice, letting energy providers to supply all day long , for example by automatically decreasing the temperature on washing machines during greatest demand. Densely populated urban areas are less likely to be the perfect place for large-scale renewable energy production. However, there are often great opportunities for solar thermal and photovoltaic and many cities have established solar energy programs during the past few years. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • If it is easy to create a dream-team of interventions to reduce a city‟s ecological footprint, it is much harder to draw them together into a comprehensive, integrated plan that also meets societal and economic Goals of delivering a better place to work and live. As the challenge of sustainable development demands fundamental change to cities‟ infrastructure, there will be many instances where the cross-benefits of emissions reduction policies are not immediately obvious, or where real conflicts emerge with other policy aims. Sustainable development policy- making has, therefore, to be conducted at the most holistic level possible. In governmental terms, this means that responsibility has to sit across all departments and report directly to the city administrator or Mayor. The scale of transformation required to fashion revamped cities capable of providing high quality living without destroying the planet for future generations, in an incredibly short timescale of just a few decades, is beyond anything humanity has had to cope with previously. Yet low- carbon cities are feasible, if we can marry science, political will and technological innovation. Let‟s now take a look at some of the innovations that will shape our cities in the future. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 6-Shape of the city The idea of the shape of the city is taken from Palmanova city, which has a shape of a star. To design the city I chose different type of design of stars and mixed them together to find the final shape of the city. The city is divided into 2: the square zone and the star zone Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation The Square Zone The Star Zone
  • 6.a How I became with the square zone:Transformation of the end point of the star into a circular shape. Sketch of Palmanova city Sketch of: “Sky-City” 6.b How I concluded with the star zone:Eliminate the end points of the start and make it like a square. A bridge joins the square zone and the star zone. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University
  • ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation 7-The interior Design The interior design of my city is totally different from other cities, because people prefer objects or things that are eye catching and of good quality. For example a mother lovenewutensils, of good quality, beautiful and cheap. As for as my city, as a Mayor I need to provide something new, of good quality, beautiful and affordable to my population. People always looks for the new, and after that, they look at the quality, then the beauty of the overall and at the end if it‟s cheap are not. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 8-Zoning In the core of the city there will be the park and it will be surrounded, in the vicinity, by many offices. Many more basic services are found around the office's perimeter such as education, security, health, justice, lodging and transport. Utilities services such as Tenaga National Berhad, Syabas, Indah Water and TM are located nearby the offices. The residential areas are situated at the edge of the city. Furthermore, in the center of residential areas there is a mini park for the people living there and a local store. My city is tailored for the Malays as mentioned in the city‟s requirement, and according to a survey I carried out with my Malay friends and with other people. I questioned them what is needed in a city and what is the most important for them. With these information, I have put all the important things easily accessible to the population. Education 57 Shopping mall 77 Security 35 Health 66 Hotel 20 Government 11 Utilities 32 Court 5 Mosque 98 Temple 10 Church 13 Cemetery 1 Garbage 1 Recycle 3 Residence 56 Airport 7 Restaurant 82 Entertainment 85 Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • Taking into consideration of this survey and according to the logic of what people need the most, as a mayor I organized my city in this way: Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 9-Focus point of the city The main attractive part of the city is the nature park, which has a geometrical shape of a star. People admire stars at night when they shine; similarly the nature park is a kind of star, which is admired by everyone. The nature park is well known for its variety of endemic and medicinal plants. Moreover due to its large size, it has been able to accommodate a recreational center as well as a large field where yoga and martial arts classes are offered. As my city is an eco-friendly one, the population will see the nature part of the city. Due to this busy world, people have become workaholics and to unplug from this routine they need to spend some leisure time. The city park will be the most preferred spot. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 10-Activities: -Restaurants -Bars -Library -Spa -Cinema -Sports -Nightclub -Shopping -Museum -Theme park -Tourism/ attractions 11-Place of worship -Several Mosque around the city but contain a Big Mosque -One Big Church -One big Temple. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation It’s the biggest Mosque of the city, which has a historical architecture. The mosque is use to pray but also for religious functions such as Eid. The Mosque can contain thousand of people at the same time.
  • 12-Transportation 12.a) Streets There are 3 categories of road networking namely the roads connecting the offices to zones of facilities to allow people to move along. To prevent being stuck in a traffic jam, people working on the facilities zone make use of highway and those working at the offices will take the 2nd highway. There will be connective roads that link the first highway and secondhighway. A bridge connects the square zone to the residential area. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 12.b) Vehicles: Being an eco city, most vehicles are powered by solar energy. The road will contain a straddling bus that will move all around the street. Where cars can pass inside, to avoid causing traffic jam. 13-Energy 13.a) solar energy As it is an eco city, everything is almost powered by solar energy and hydraulic for buildings, cars, residences…that isbeneficial to the citizens as it is economic and non-pollutant source. Therefore this will reduce the cost of leaving and contribute to the well being of the citizens. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation Solar energy car Straddling Bus. Very practical in order to avoid traffic jam. And contain evacuation for emergency case.
  • 14-Utilities and amenities: Like other cities. Sky-city contains utilities such as fire safety (Bomba) electricity (Tenaga national berhad in case of emergency because in general the city only use Solar energy). To provide water there‟s Water Companies such as Syabas, for Internet TM. And so on. 15-How do they get and sustain their resources? Most of the vacant space of land near the residential areas are use to cultivate crops, used as a source of food for the population.Furthermore, a part of the land will be for a farm to rear animals. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • 16-Conclusion: In a nutshell, my city being a floating one is able to provide everything that a population needs. By considering technology advancements, in 2050 the population is not affected by financial problems, illnesses. The aim is that to make the population live in a more advanced world, and keeping the city evolving where the scarcity of basic need is unnoticeable. Despite, being a flying city, it will stay connected and stay in permanent contact with the rest of the world.Ultimately, it is an almost perfect city of the future for Malay population. Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • Appendix Overview of the city (Original Copy) Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University ENBE | Final Project | Part A – Report | The Future City Representation
  • Your Name | Your Student ID | Group d/w/n | FNBE April 2013 | Taylor’s University