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Epic poetry
 

Epic poetry

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    Epic poetry Epic poetry Presentation Transcript

    • Epic Poetry English 9-9H 2011
    • What is Epic Poetry?
      • A long narrative poem on a great and serious subject, relayed in an elevated style, and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the fate of a tribe, a nation, or the human race.
    • Origins of the Epic
    • Characteristics of Epic
      • Usually contains several books or volumes
        • Many epic poems started from “ oral tradition ” or spoken poems that were memorized and recited ceremonially
        • In the case of the Odyssey, some scholars believe that there were “episodes” that were eventually collaborated into one story
    • Characteristics of Epic cont.
      • Original text often has rhyme/poetic devices
        • Often in rhyming couplets (aa, bb, cc)
        • Alliteration
        • Digressions (into other stories/myths)
        • Epithets – descriptive word or phrase to accompany or replace a person’s name “ Brave Odysseus” or “ wine-dark sea”
        • Repetition or reoccurring lines/phrases
    • Characteristics of Epic cont.
      • Contains a hero with specific characteristics
        • Known as an Epic Hero
          • More on him later
      • The Setting is vast in
      • scope
        • Sometimes both in time
        • and space
    • Characteristics of Epic cont.
      • Starts “ in media res ” or “in the middle”
        • Story begins in the middle and flashes back so that the reader can understand the current situation
      • Narrator invokes a Muse
        • One of the 9 daughters of Zeus that give divine inspiration
    • Characteristics of Epic cont.
      • An epic also contains:
        • Battles
        • Romance
        • A great journey
        • Lists/Catalogs
          • people, items, genealogies, etc.
        • Supernatural influence/intervention
          • Called “machinery”
        • A descent into the underworld/Rebirth
        • Epic Simile (or extended simile)
        • Extended formal speeches
    • The Epic Hero
      • The hero is a figure of great national or even cosmic importance, usually the ideal man of his culture . He often has superhuman or divine traits. 
      • He has an imposing physical
      • stature and is greater in
      • all ways than the common
      • man.
    • The Hero’s Journey
      • According to Joseph Campbell’s The Hero with a Thousand Faces , there are three major stages to the Hero’s Journey:
          • Separation
          • Initiation
          • Return
    •  
    • Separation
      • Call to Adventure
        • Hero becomes aware beyond normal existence (usually via a message)
      • Refusal of the Call
        • Hero denies abilities or desire to leave
      • Crossing the first threshold
        • Hero is tested and is pulled into the new realm , often against his will
    • Initiation
      • The ‘Road of Trials’
        • A series of tests to prepare the hero
      • Meeting with the Goddess
        • An offering is made given the hero’s success
      • Woman as Temptress
        • Hero is found occupied/distracted by selfish pleasures
      • Atonement with the Father
        • Hero comes to terms with parent or protector
      • Apotheosis
        • Hero is transformed into full potential (or divine state)
      • The Ultimate Boone
        • A favor, blessing or benefit is bestowed to complete journey
    • Return
      • The Refusal of the return
        • Hero hesitates to return for various reasons
      • The Magical Flight or Rescue from Without
        • Hero makes an extraordinary journey back, either reluctantly by force or by choice (with help)
      • Crossing the Return Threshold
        • Hero has a supernatural force help him cross back over
      • Master of Two Worlds
        • Hero becomes a bridge or master between the seemingly separate worlds
      • Freedom to Live
        • Hero has ability to move freely between realms
    • Modern Examples of Hero’s Journey
    • Homer
      • Stories originated from a series of poets who each orally composes an entirely different version of the story
      • Homer is traditionally a blind author of The Iliad & The Odyssey
      • A wandering bard, holder of myths and history
    • The Odyssey
      • Comprised of 12,110 lines of dactylic hexameter in the original language (Greek)
      • Is considered the sequel to the Iliad, an epic poem about the sacking of Troy
        • Helen of “Troy” runs away with Paris, prince of Troy, abandoning her husband Menelaus of Sparta
      • Follows Odysseus’ 10 year journey back from Troy to his island of Ithaca
      • Encounters numerous obstacles as a result of angering Poseidon, God of the Sea
    • References
      • http:// homepage.mac.com/mseffie/assignments/beowulf/epic.html
      • http://www.authorstream.com/presentation/Urban-49805-Epic-Definition-long-poem-hero-media-res-invocation-muse-battles-romance-the-as-Education-ppt-powerpoint/
      • http://jc-schools.net/tutorials/Eng9/homer.html#PowerPoint_
      • http://www.mythichero.com/what_is_mythology.htm
      • http://vabuescher.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/maleheromap.jpg.w560h727.jpg
      • http://mypetjawa.mu.nu/archives/300_l.jpg
      • http://joefelso.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/homer.jpg
      • http://handsomebwonderful.org/simpsons/images/simpson_family/Homer/homer2.jpeg