RHETORIC The purposeful use of language in speech or in writing In other words…the ways in which you, the speaker or the writer, purposely use language in different situations. Different situations require different language!
Rhetorical SituationA situation in which you use You think about the situation before youwords to communicate. choose your rhetoric. Choose your words wisely Think before you speak (OR WRITE)
Rhetorical Situations EverywhereIn the following four slides, you will see various rhetoricalsituations that you might come across at home, at work, atplay, and at school.Consider each rhetorical situation on the slide.•How do the situations differ?•How would you consider your choice of words in eachsituation? Why?
Rhetorical Situation There are five elements to consider in EVERY rhetorical situation Purpose – why are you communicating? Audience – who is listening/reading?ELEMENTS TO Stance – what is your attitude?CONSIDER Genre – what kind of writing are you using? Media & Design – print, spoken, or digital?
Elements to ConsiderNow let’s look at each element of a rhetoricalsituation a little closer.
CONSIDER YOUR PURPOSEWhy are you writing?To express yourselfTo entertainTo communicate with othersTo persuadeTo informSome situations have one purpose, others haveseveral.
CONSIDER YOUR AUDIENCEIDENTIFY YOUR AUDIENCE…Who will read (or hear)what you are writing? Are they known or unknown? Is your audience one person or multiple?These (and more) questions will help shape the words thatyou choose and how you convey your message.
CONSIDER YOUR AUDIENCE What is your audience’s background? What are their interests? Is there any demographic information you should keep in mind? What political circumstances should you consider? What does your audience already know about your topic? What is your relationship with your audience? What does your audience need/expect from you?
CONSIDER YOUR STANCEOr in other words…What is yourattitude toward your topic?But…It’s not just what you say, but how you say it!
CONSIDER YOUR STANCE It’s not just what you say, but how you say it. TONE = HOW YOU SAY IT Thoughtful vs. Defiant Objective vs. Opinionated Sarcastic vs. Serious Assertive vs. Uncertain How do you choose the right TONE? Ask the following questions: Who is your audience? What is your purpose?
CONSIDER THE GENREWhat genre will you choose to communicate (inwriting)???LetterProfileReportPosition PaperPoemInstructionsWeb Pages
Rhetorical Situations: PracticeNow it’s timefor somepractice.Carefully lookat thefollowingslides anddecide therhetoricalsituation ineach. “A likely impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility.” – Plato Poetics What do you think???
The Rhetorical Situation ANDThe Writing Process There are 5 Steps to the Writing Process Pre-Writing Writing Revising Proofreading Submission One Question: When do you start to think about the rhetorical situation? Begin to think about it during the pre-writing phase – before you actually start writing. Re-visit the topic throughout the writing and revising steps to make sure you are on the right track.