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Writing is like Flying




    Anna Maria Carbone
        June 2008
The Flying Stages




                                                     Planning


                                    ...
Plot a Course




                                       Key Questions

                                       Who are the...
Planning the Flight




   Collecting information


     Having all the data


    Checking the issues


     Verifying th...
Planning – Checking the Aircraft




                                                1. Identify the text’s features

    ...
Planning – Checking the Aircraft




2. Gather ideas:
   What are information and ideas
   of the topic which I am going t...
Taxying to the runway




       Sort topics


   Create the sequence


 Confirm concept’s course




                    ...
The perfect take-off?

                                     Summary:
                                     You can start wi...
Taking off




             Clearance, full throttle,
              accelerate, take-off.

                  Anna Maria Ca...
Taking off - airborne

                             The start

                This is the first approach for readers.
   ...
A comfortable flight

             Develop and separate individual topics
                      Use clear language
       ...
A comfortable flight: In-Flight Service




From the ship’s log of “Kansas City Star”
written by Captain Ernest Hemingway
...
A comfortable flight: In-Flight Service




                     From the essay “Politics and the English Language”
      ...
Preparing for Landing – The Approach




                       The conclusion
         You have to conclude your text in ...
Preparing For Landing – Final Checks


  Copy edit:

  Review of topics


  Clarity


  Effectiveness


  Grammar


  Spel...
Touching down

     The final paragraph is a farewell from writer to readers .

     It has to summarize the topics and co...
Thank-you for flying with us




            Now our written work is completed.
                        If it is good
    ...
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Writing is like Flying

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Transcript of "Writing is like Flying"

  1. 1. Writing is like Flying Anna Maria Carbone June 2008
  2. 2. The Flying Stages Planning Taking off Flying Landing Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  3. 3. Plot a Course Key Questions Who are the readers? What is the subject? What are my goals? Anna Maria Carbone – June 2008
  4. 4. Planning the Flight Collecting information Having all the data Checking the issues Verifying the facts Creating a logical outline Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  5. 5. Planning – Checking the Aircraft 1. Identify the text’s features Goal Reader Topic Length Type Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  6. 6. Planning – Checking the Aircraft 2. Gather ideas: What are information and ideas of the topic which I am going to write about? 3. List ideas in an outline: Which clusters of ideas and concepts can I create and what is their logical sequence? Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  7. 7. Taxying to the runway Sort topics Create the sequence Confirm concept’s course Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  8. 8. The perfect take-off? Summary: You can start with a summary that presents the topic and why it is important. Anecdote: You can introduce your text with a fact, a story, curiosity. Short phrases: Use journalistic language, few words having effect. Answers: You can introduce your topic with a direct answer about it. Analogy: You can compare your topic to another similar one. Quotations: They are very effective to catch the reader’s attention. It can be a proverb, a verse or a famous quotation. Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  9. 9. Taking off Clearance, full throttle, accelerate, take-off. Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  10. 10. Taking off - airborne The start This is the first approach for readers. You have to phrase it carefully. It introduces the topic. It has to capture the reader’s attention. Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  11. 11. A comfortable flight Develop and separate individual topics Use clear language Use short sentences and phrases Avoid jargon Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  12. 12. A comfortable flight: In-Flight Service From the ship’s log of “Kansas City Star” written by Captain Ernest Hemingway 1. Use short sentences. 2. Use short first paragraphs. 3. Use vigorous English. 4. Be positive, not negative. Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  13. 13. A comfortable flight: In-Flight Service From the essay “Politics and the English Language” written in 1946 by George Orwell 1. Never use a metaphor, simile, or another figure of speech which you often see in print. 2. Never use a long word where a short one will do. 3. If it is possible to remove a word, then do it. 4. Never use the passive where you can use the active. 5. Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word, or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. 6. Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous. Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  14. 14. Preparing for Landing – The Approach The conclusion You have to conclude your text in a clear way. Do not leave anything unanswered. Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
  15. 15. Preparing For Landing – Final Checks Copy edit: Review of topics Clarity Effectiveness Grammar Spelling Punctuation Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  16. 16. Touching down The final paragraph is a farewell from writer to readers . It has to summarize the topics and confirm the thesis Anna Maria Carbone - Giugno 2008
  17. 17. Thank-you for flying with us Now our written work is completed. If it is good our readers will have had a good flight! Anna Maria Carbone www.scriverebene.it www.scriverebene.blogspot.com amcarbone@scriverebene.it Anna Maria Carbone - June 2008
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