The rise of nationalism in Europe

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THE RISE OF NATIONALISM IN EUROPE FROM CLASS 10 HISTORY..

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The rise of nationalism in Europe

  1. 1. VISUALISING THE NATION  Artists in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries portrayed nations as if it were a person.  Nations were represented as female figures.
  2. 2. WHAT IS ALLEGORY?  The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form is known as ALLEGORY.
  3. 3.  France was portrayed as CHRISTENED MARIANNE, which was a popular Christian name.  Christened Marianne underlined the idea of peoples’ nation.
  4. 4. Marianne represented Liberty and the Republic by the cap and the cockade..
  5. 5. Marianne images were marked on coins and stamps.
  6. 6. Similarly , Germania became the allegory of the German nation.
  7. 7. Meanings of symbols  Broken chains – being freed
  8. 8. Breastplate with eagle – symbol of German empire strength
  9. 9. Crown of oak leaves - Heroism
  10. 10. Sword- readiness to fight
  11. 11. Black , red and gold tricolour – flag of the liberal nationalists in 1848
  12. 12. Olive branch around the swordwillingness to make peace
  13. 13. Rays of the rising sun – Beginning of a new era
  14. 14. NATIONALISM AND IMPERIALISM By the last quarter of nineteenth century nationalist groups became increasingly intolerant of each other and ever ready to go to war.  Nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment.
  15. 15. Balkans The most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871 was the Balkans.  A large part of the Balkans was under the control of the Ottoman empire.
  16. 16. The Balkans comprised of          ROMANIA BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA BULGARIA ALBANIA GREECE MACEDONIA CROATIA SOLVENIA SERBIA MONTENEGRO
  17. 17. BALKANS
  18. 18.  One by one , European nationalities broke away from its control and declared independence. o The Balkan people based their claims for independence or political rights on nationality and used history to prove that they had once been independent but had been subjugated by foreign powers.
  19. 19. Hence the rebellion nationalities in the Balkans thought of their struggles as attempts to win back their long-lost independence.
  20. 20.  The Balkan states were jealous of each other and hoped to gain more territory at the expense of others.  During this period, there was intense rivalry among the European powers over trade and colonies as well as naval and military might.
  21. 21.  Russia , Germany , England, AustroHungary were keen on countering the hold of other powers over Balkans and extending its own control over that area.  This led to a series of wars in the region and finally the First World War.
  22. 22. Many countries in world which had been colonised by the European powers in the 19th century began to oppose imperial domination. European ideas of nationalism were nowhere replicated , for people everywhere developed their own specific variety of nationalism.
  23. 23. THANK YOU…

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