Federalist Vs

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Federalist Vs

  1. 1. Federalist vs. Anti-Federalist The Elastic Clause Or The Necessary and Proper Clause
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>You will learn the difference between the Federalist and Anti-Federalists beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>You will learn the meaning and use of the Elastic Clause in the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>You will learn what people supported each position </li></ul><ul><li>You will learn how to take Supreme Court decisions and determine what position they supported </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elastic Clause <ul><li>Article 1 Section 8 Clause 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary and Proper Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Gives Congress the authority to pass all laws needed to carry out the enumerated powers in the Constitution </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jefferson vs. Hamilton <ul><li>Jefferson was an Anti-Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton was a Federalist </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson wanted strong state governments </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton wanted a strong federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson believed the Constitution only gave enumerated powers </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton believed the Constitution gave implied powers </li></ul>
  5. 5. Federalists Papers <ul><li>85 essays advocating ratification of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Primary source for interpretation of the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Authors wanted to influence the vote in favor of ratification and shape future interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Authors were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay </li></ul>
  6. 6. Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists <ul><li>Federalists believe in a strong federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Federalists believe that the Constitution has implied powers </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalists believe in a limited federal government and strong state governments </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalists believe that the Constitution has only enumerated powers </li></ul>
  7. 7. Procedure <ul><li>Discuss the Elastic Clause in the Constitution and the Federalist Papers </li></ul><ul><li>Determine which position you support and why and move to that area in the class </li></ul><ul><li>Try to convince undecideds to your side </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in chart </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss Marshall cases and choose one to research </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chart Who Supported Beliefs Types of people who supported Anti-Federalists Federalists

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